11th National Organ Donation Day 2020 | UPSC
National Organ Donation Day celebrated in Health Ministry
WHY IN NEWS:
- Dr. Harsh Vardhan on 79,572 CRPF personnel pledging to donate their organs after death: “They exemplify the spirit of service to the nation even after death”
- Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare today chaired multiple events to mark National Organ Donation Day.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Organ Transplants
For PRELIMS you need to know organisations authorised for organ donation and transplantation guidelines .
For MAINS collect the myths behind organ transplants and make a note in your Mains book.
NATIONAL ORGAN DONATION DAY
- In our country, a large number of people die due to non-functioning of organs.
- If a person below 18 years of age wishes to donate organ, he can do so with the consent of his parents or guardian.
- The goal of this campaign is to remove the fear of organ donation by spreading awareness.
- Campaigns, webinars, seminars and workshops are focussed at the root of the problem by granting acceptance to organ donation.
- Tamil Nadu performed 76 lung transplants on mostly those who suffered from acute forms of COVID.
- 79,572 soldiers, have been conferred by CRPF as ‘Angadan warriors‘.
- “They exemplify the spirit of service to the nation even after death”.
- NOTTO at national level, the Regional Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (ROTTO) work at regional level .
- Also, The State Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (SOTTO) at state level are for setting up network among hospitals and tissue banks for procurement and sharing of organs.
NATIONAL ORGAN TRANSPLANT PROGRAMME (NOTP)
- It provides financial grants for establishing ROTTOs and SOTTOs.
- To develop new and upgrade existing retrieval and transplant centres.
- Financial support is also provided for hiring of transplant coordinators by hospitals and for maintenance of brainstem dead donors.
- ROTTO (West) was judged the best ROTTO in the country while the Tamil Nadu SOTTO was awarded the best State SOTTO.
- Tamil Nadu performed a whooping 295 transplantations out of which 76 were lung transplants performed mostly on patients who suffered acute forms of COVID.
- PGIMER, Chandigarh was judged the best hospital.
NATIONAL ORGAN AND TISSUE TRANSPLANT ORGANIZATION (NOTTO)
- National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) is a National level organization.
It has following two divisions:
- “National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network”
- “National Biomaterial Centre”.
National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network
- This has been mandated as per the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
- The network will be established initially for Delhi and gradually expanded to include other States and Regions of the country.
- Thus, this division of the NOTTO is the nodal networking agency for Delhi .
- National Network division of NOTTO would function as apex centre for All India activities of coordination.
- Also, the organisation will look after the functionaries of Tissues Donation and Transplantation in the country.
- NOTTO will also collect data to develop and publish National registry.
- The following activities would be undertaken to facilitate Organ Transplantation in the safest way in shortest possible time .
AT NATIONAL LEVEL
- Lay down policy guidelines and protocols for various functions.
- Network with similar regional and state level organizations.
- All registry data from States and Regions would be compiled and published.
- Creating awareness, promotion of organ donation and transplantation activities.
- Dissemination of information to all concerned organizations, hospitals and individuals.
- Monitoring of transplantation activities in the Regions and States and maintaining data-bank in this regard.
- To assist in data management for organ transplant surveillance & organ transplant and Organ Donor registry.
- Consultancy support on the legal and non-legal aspects of donation and transplantation.
- Coordinate and Organize trainings for various cadre of workers.
NATIONAL BIOMATERIAL CENTRE (NATIONAL TISSUE BANK)
- The Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011 has included the component of tissue donation and registration of tissue Banks.
The centre will take care of the following Tissue allografts:
- Bone and bone products.
- Skin graft
- Heart valves and vessels
- Coordination for tissue procurement and distribution
- Donor Tissue Screening
- Removal of Tissues and Storage
- Preservations of Tissue
- Tissue Tracking
- Records maintenance, Data Protection and Confidentiality
- Quality Management in tissues
- Patient Information on tissues
- Development of Guidelines, Protocols and Standard Operating Procedures
- Assisting as per requirement in registration of other Tissue Banks
- Upanishads remark that body belongs to the five elements to which it returns upon death.
- Associating oneself with one’s mortal body is disillusionment in Hindu scriptures.
- “National events such as the Indian Organ Donation Day recognizes the selfless contribution made by deceased donors to healthcare and mankind re-instill our faith in humanity.”
MORE ABOUT ORGAN DONATION – https://www.notto.gov.in/index.htm
REGISTRATON FOR ORGAN DONATION – CLICK HERE
SOURCES: PIB | National Organ Donation Day 2020 | UPSC