11th National Organ Donation Day 2020 | UPSC

11th National Organ Donation Day 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

National Organ Donation Day celebrated in Health Ministry

      WHY IN NEWS:

  • Dr. Harsh Vardhan on 79,572 CRPF personnel pledging to donate their organs after death: “They exemplify the spirit of service to the nation even after death”
  • Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare today chaired multiple events to mark National Organ Donation Day.
MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Organ Transplants

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you need to know organisations authorised for organ donation and transplantation guidelines .

For MAINS collect the myths behind organ transplants and make a note in your Mains book.

      ISSUE: 

“COVID-19 pandemic has had a hugely negative impact on the deceased donor programme in India” 

NATIONAL ORGAN DONATION DAY

  • In our country, a large number of people die due to non-functioning of organs.

According to the National Health Portal, about 5 lakh people die every year due to non-availability of organs.

  • If a person below 18 years of age wishes to donate organ, he can do so with the consent of his parents or guardian.
  • The goal of this campaign is to remove the fear of organ donation by spreading awareness.
  • Campaigns, webinars, seminars and workshops are focussed at the root of the problem by granting acceptance to organ donation.

With 12,666 organs transplanted in 2019, India ranked third in the world as per WHO. 

  • Tamil Nadu performed 76 lung transplants on mostly those who suffered from acute forms of COVID.

ANGADAN WARRIORS

  • 79,572  soldiers, have been conferred by CRPF as ‘Angadan warriors‘.

They have duly filled their pledge forms to donate their eyes, skin, lungs, heart, liver, pancreas, kidneys, heart valves and intestines after death. 

  • “They exemplify the spirit of service to the nation even after death”.

organ donation

  • NOTTO at national level, the Regional Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (ROTTO) work at regional level .
  • Also, The State Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisations (SOTTO) at state level are for setting up network among hospitals and tissue banks for procurement and sharing of organs.

NATIONAL ORGAN TRANSPLANT PROGRAMME (NOTP)

  • It provides financial grants for establishing ROTTOs and SOTTOs.

OBJECTIVE

  • To develop new and upgrade existing retrieval and transplant centres.

To set up regional and State biomaterial centres and to provide immunosuppressive therapy to Below Poverty Line (BPL) patients .
 

  • Financial support is also provided for hiring of transplant coordinators by hospitals and for maintenance of brainstem dead donors.

BEST PERFORMERS

  • ROTTO (West) was judged the best ROTTO in the country while the Tamil Nadu SOTTO was awarded the best State SOTTO.
  • Tamil Nadu performed a whooping 295 transplantations out of which 76 were lung transplants performed mostly on patients who suffered acute forms of COVID.
  • PGIMER, Chandigarh was judged the best hospital.

NATIONAL ORGAN AND TISSUE TRANSPLANT ORGANIZATION (NOTTO)

  • National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) is a National level organization.

It is set up under Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare,GOI.

It has following two divisions:

  • National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network
  • National Biomaterial Centre”.

National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network

  • This has been mandated as per the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
  • The network will be established initially for Delhi and gradually expanded to include other States and Regions of the country.

It shall be the network for Procurement Allocation and Distribution of Organs and Tissues in Delhi.

  • Thus, this division of the NOTTO is the nodal networking agency for Delhi .

FUNCTIONS

  • National Network division of NOTTO would function as apex centre for All India activities of coordination.

It will be responsible for networking for procurement and distribution of Organs and Tissues and registry of Organs.

  • Also, the organisation will look after the functionaries of Tissues Donation and Transplantation in the country.
  • NOTTO will also collect data to develop and publish National registry.

ACTIVITIES

  • The following activities would be undertaken to facilitate Organ Transplantation in the safest way in shortest possible time .

AT NATIONAL LEVEL

  • Lay down policy guidelines and protocols for various functions.
  • Network with similar regional and state level organizations.
  • All registry data from States and Regions would be compiled and published.
  • Creating awareness, promotion of organ donation and transplantation activities.

Co-ordination from procurement of organs and tissues to transplantation when organ is allocated outside the region. 

  • Dissemination of information to all concerned organizations, hospitals and individuals.
  • Monitoring of transplantation activities in the Regions and States and maintaining data-bank in this regard.
  • To assist in data management for organ transplant surveillance & organ transplant and Organ Donor registry.
  • Consultancy support on the legal and non-legal aspects of donation and transplantation.
  • Coordinate and Organize trainings for various cadre of workers.

NATIONAL BIOMATERIAL CENTRE (NATIONAL TISSUE BANK)

  • The Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011 has included the component of tissue donation and registration of tissue Banks.

The main thrust & objective of establishing the centre is to fill up the gap between ‘Demand’ and ‘Supply’ as well as ‘Quality Assurance’ in the availability of various tissues.

TRANSPLANTS

The centre will take care of the following Tissue allografts:

  • Bone and bone products.

EXAMPLE
Deep frozen bone allograft, AAA Bone, Duramater, facialata, high temperature treated board cadaveric joints like knees, hips and shoulders etc.

  • Skin graft
  • Cornea
  • Heart valves and vessels

ACTIVITIES

  • Coordination for tissue procurement and distribution
  • Donor Tissue Screening
  • Removal of Tissues and Storage
  • Preservations of Tissue
  • Tissue Tracking
  • Sterilization
  • Records maintenance, Data Protection and Confidentiality
  • Quality Management in tissues
  • Patient Information on tissues
  • Development of Guidelines, Protocols and Standard Operating Procedures
  • Trainings
  • Assisting as per requirement in registration of other Tissue Banks

NOBEL CAUSE

11th National Organ Donation Day 2020 | UPSC

  • Upanishads remark that body belongs to the five elements to which it returns upon death.
  • Associating oneself with one’s mortal body is disillusionment in Hindu scriptures.

Everybody should donate their body for a nobler cause like Rishi Dadhichi.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • “National events such as the Indian Organ Donation Day recognizes the selfless contribution made by deceased donors to healthcare and mankind re-instill our faith in humanity.”

MORE ABOUT ORGAN DONATIONhttps://www.notto.gov.in/index.htm

REGISTRATON FOR ORGAN DONATIONCLICK HERE

     SOURCES:   PIB | National Organ Donation Day 2020 | UPSC

 

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