11th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai 11th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

 

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 11th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

LIVING PLANET REPORT 2020

GBO-5

FIVE STAR VILLAGES SCHEME

Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement

      HEADLINES:

Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) – India Japan.

      WHY IN NEWS:

India and Japan signed a logistics agreement

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      ISSUE: 

The agreement is known as Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA).

  • This will allow armed forces of both sides to coordinate closely in services and supplies.
  • India has similar agreements with the USA, Australia, France, Oman and Singapore.

OVERVIEW

  • It is aimed at greater maritime cooperation and can upgrade India-Japan naval exercises .
  • Both countries are expected to share maritime facilities for mutual benefit.
  • It establishes the enabling framework for closer cooperation between the armed forces of both countries .
  • The deal also has reciprocal provision of supplies and services while engaged in bilateral training activities, United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, Humanitarian International Relief etc.

The supplies and services include food, water, transportation, airlift, petroleum, clothing, communications and medical services etc.

  • It will also enhance the interoperability, assist in maintaining regional security and furtherincrease the bilateral defence engagements between the two countries.
  • It will remain in force for 10 years and will be automatically extended for periods of 10 years unless one of the parties decides to end it.

INDIA-JAPAN DEFENCE COOPERATION

  • In 2019, India and Japan held the first-ever ministerial-level 2+2 dialogue.
  • Both nations share a common vision of a free, open, inclusive and rules-based Indo-Pacific region .
  • Both the countries are also part of Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD).

India and Japan defence forces organize a series of bilateral exercises namely, JIMEX (naval exercise), SHINYUU Maitri (air force exercise), and Dharma Guardian (military exercise). Both countries also participate in Malabar exercise with the USA. 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • There is huge potential as far as Make in India and defence deals are concerned.
  • India needs sophisticated weapons and technology from Japan, so more collaboration and cooperation can prove beneficial to both nations.
  • Joint ventures could be created by merging Japanese technology with Indian raw materials and labour.
  • Closer cooperation is the best measure to combat China’s growing role in Asia and Indo-Pacific.
     SOURCES: PIB | 11th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

‘SAROD-Ports’

      HEADLINES:

Society for Affordable Redressal of Disputes – Ports

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Union Ministry of Shipping launched  (Society for Affordable Redressal of Disputes – Ports) through virtual ceremony in New Delhi.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Shipping
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Ports : Ports development

      ISSUE: 

SAROD-PORTS

  • It is established under Societies Registration Act, 1860.

‘SAROD-Ports’ is similar to provision available in Highway Sector in the form of SAROD-Roads constituted by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).

  • It consists of members from Indian Ports Association (IPA) and Indian Private Ports and Terminals Association (IPTTA).

FUNCTIONS

SAROD-Ports will advise and assist in settlement of disputes through arbitrations in the maritime sector. 

  • This will include ports and shipping sector in Major Port Trusts, Non-major Ports, including private ports, jetties, terminals and harbours.

It will also cover disputes between:

  • Granting authority and Licensee/Concessionaire /Contractor.
  • Also, disputes between Licensee/Concessionaire and their contractors arising out of and during the course of execution of various contracts.

BENEFITS

SAROD-Ports will become the pivotal mechanism of ummeed (hope), vishwas (trust) and nyaya (justice) in the Port sector of India.

  • It will lead to saving huge amounts of legal expenditure and time.
  • Enforcement of concession agreements in the letter and spirit.

It will promote ease of doing business in the maritime sector because of the fast, timely, cost effective and robust dispute resolution mechanism. 

  • It will inspire confidence in the private players.
  • All major Ports will shift towards the ‘Landlord Model’.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

MODEL CONCESSION AGREEMENT

  • Model Concession Agreement is the core of public private partnership projects in India.
  • It sets regulatory framework to implement PPP (Public Private Projects) in India.
  • There are MCAs for national highways, urban rail transit systems, state highways and ports.

LANDLORD PORT MODEL

  • In the landlord port model, the publicly governed port authority acts as a regulatory body .
  • The landlord with private companies carry out port operations—mainly cargo-handling activities.
  • The port authority maintains ownership of the port while the infrastructure is leased to private firms that provide and maintain their own superstructure  to handle cargo.
  • In return, the landlord port gets a share of the revenue from the private entity.
     SOURCES: PIB | 11th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

 

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