12th June 2020 | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Successful entrepreneurs are givers and not takers of positive energy.” –Anonymous

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 12th June 2020

“IFLOWS-Mumbai”

      HEADLINES:

FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM FOR MUMBAI “IFLOWS-Mumbai” to be launched on June 12, 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Earth Science
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Disaster management

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS keep an eye on developers , features and the seven modules on which it runs .

For MAINS do you think this was more needed in Bihar ?

      ISSUE: 

Mumbai, a megapolis and the financial capital of India has been experiencing floods with increased periodicity.

IFLOWS-Mumbai

IFLOWS-Mumbai is developed as a state of art Integrated Flood Warning system for Mumbai to enhance the resilience of Mumbai by providing early warning for flooding specially during high rainfall events and cyclones.

DEVELOPERS :

  • Ministry of Earth Sciences, using in-house expertise and in close coordination with Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai  developed the IFLOW-Mumbai.

FEATURES :

  • The system has provisions to capture the urban drainage within the city and predict the areas of flooding.
  • Extreme precipitation events are on the rise in India driven by warming temperatures and changes in the monsoon due to climate change.

I-FLOWS IS BUILT ON SEVEN MODULES:

  • Data Assimilation
  • Flood
  • Inundation
  • Vulnerability
  • Risk
  • Dissemination Module
  • Decision Support System.

The system incorporates weather models from National Centre for medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), India Meteorological Department (IMD), field data from the rain gauge network stations setup by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM),Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) and IMD.

PRINCIPLE  :

  • Hydrologic models are used to transform rainfall into runoff and provides inflow inputs into the river systems.

  Hydraulic models are used to solve equations of fluid motion to replicate the movement of water to assess flooding in the study area.

  • Hydrodynamic models and storm surge model are used to calculate the tide and storm surge impacts on the city.
  • The system has provisions to capture the urban drainage within the city and predict the areas of flooding, which will be incorporated in the final system.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • A web GIS based decision supports system is build to calculate the vulnerability and risk of elements exposed to flood.
  • As a preparedness for floods before they occur, people to be warned so that they can be prepared in advance for flooding conditions.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

New low-cost novel coronavirus test

      HEADLINES:

New low-cost novel coronavirus test developed

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has recommended only reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) test for novel coronavirus testing.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

  Researchers at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) have developed a new low-cost and low-tech required test for SARS-CoV-2 testing.

  • This test is known as reverse transcription nested PCR (RT-nPCR) test.
  • This test does not require real-time quantitative RT-qPCR.
  • The RT-nPCR developed by the CCMB research team has shown  comparable performance to the standard RT-qPCR test.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“This new test is awaiting approval from ICMR.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Slum population most at risk

      HEADLINES:

Slum population most at risk, says ICMR

      WHY IN NEWS:

India overtakes U.K. with fourth highest COVID-19 tally in world

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just a little factual information is provided here . Go through it to understand the impact of the Pandemic.

      ISSUE: 

  Urban slum population was most vulnerable to the spread, followed by urban settlements.

  “The ICMR has calculated that compared to rural areas, the risk of spread was 1.09 times higher in urban areas and 1.89 times higher in urban slums.

  • The infection fatality rate is very low at 0.08%,”.
  • The sero-surveillance study reveals that 0.73% of the population surveyed showed evidence of past exposure to SARS-CoV-2.
  • With a spike of 11,000 new cases, the tally rose to 2,97,928, which includes, 1,42,715 active cases.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

India on Thursday overtook the United Kingdom to become the country with the fourth highest incidence of COVID-19.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

‘Woman has indefeasible claim to her child’

      HEADLINES:

‘Woman has indefeasible claim to natural guardianship of child

      WHY IN NEWS:

HC dismisses man’s petition, says material did not even prima facie imply “her incapacity to look after her own child”

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Judiciary : Verdicts : A-226 : HC

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to understand the idea behind such decisions . Also revise A-226.

For MAINS include this point in more power to women #womenhood#womenempowerment .

      ISSUE: 

A married couple and their son were in front of Mumbai Court ; The case was booked by the father for guardianship of the son. 

THE VERDICT

  • “The woman has an indefeasible claim to natural guardianship of her child.

  There is no case in law for the man to claim guardianship or custody of the child over her.”

  • Rejecting the man’s claim that the woman is of unsound mind, Court said the material did not even prima facie imply the woman’s “unsoundness of mind” or “her incapacity to look after her own child”.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

HC noted that the family court order had fairly and adequately addressed prima facie merits of the case as also the question of balance of convenience.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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