12th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

“Just know, when you truly want success, you’ll never give up on it. No matter how bad the situation may get.” – Unknown

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

12th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2021

Sarna code

      HEADLINES:

Jharkhand Assembly passes resolution for separate identity code for tribals

      WHY IN NEWS:

If the Centre approves the Sarna code, the census would have a column for a new religion for tribals

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Schedules

      ISSUE: 

The Jharkhand legislature November 11, 2020 passed a government-backed resolution that would allow tribals in the state to identify with a distinct religion.

Currently, citizens can choose from only six religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism.

  • A separate column for tribe as a religious identity was included in the census from 1871 to 1951, but was subsequently dropped.

The idea is of recognising a unique religious identity of tribals to the special laws and provisions in the country.

  • The Sarna dharam of tribals worshipped nature, forests, mountains and can teach a lot to a world facing problems such as pollution and environmental degradation.

CONCEPT

  •  A decline in the population of tribals has an impact on the constitutional provisions and policies framed to benefit the tribal communities.

The basis for identifiying an area as Schedule V is dependent on the tribal population.

  • In 2019, there were demands of denotifying Schedule V areas where the tribal population has come down.
  • The recognition of Adivasi Sarna code will address this problem.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

CONCERNS

  • The term ‘Sarna’ and limiting it to tribals.
  • The term Sarna is not common to all the adherers of a naturalistic religion based on worship of forests, rivers and mountains.

Equating the idea of a naturalistic religion with only the Schedule Tribe population is problematic.

  • It should be open to all.
     SOURCES:  DownToEarth  | 12th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Haiderpur Wetland

      HEADLINES:

Agencies working towards making Haiderpur wetland in west UP a Ramsar site

      WHY IN NEWS:

Haidepur is significant as it supports rich biodiversity, offers livelihood opportunities for locals

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Wetlands

      ISSUE: 

The forest department in Uttar Pradesh is working to make the the Haiderpur wetland in Muzaffarnagar district a Ramsar site.

12th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

The Haiderpur wetland. Photo: TSA-India The Haiderpur wetland. Credit : TSA-India

HAIDERPUR WETLAND

It is fed by the Ganga and Solani rivers, the wetland came into existence in 1984 after the construction of the Madhya Ganga Barrage on the former.

  • It is spread over 1,214 hectares.
  • As it is located within the boundaries of the Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary, the wetland enjoys some level of protection.

CHALLENGES

WWF-India and the Uttar Pradesh forest department have identified some challenges :

  • Fluctuation in the river flow
  • Agricultural practices in vogue in the wetland
  • Uncontrolled growth of aquatic invasive vegetation

FLORA AND FAUNA

The Haiderpur wetland is an important stopover destination for winter migratory birds like the Greylag goose and the Bar-headed goose.

  • Haiderpur was opened to the public last year, a bird festival was organised in February 2020.
  • The bird count which stood at 174 species in June 2019, rose to 224 species by December.
  • At present, it has gone up to 295 species.

TURTLE SURVEY

Turtle Survival Alliance (TSA)-India is conducting a survey of river turtles in Haidepur to assess their habitat and population.

  • The turtle survey, the total funding for which stands at Rs 3 lakh, is almost over.
  • The funding has been given by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).
  • Nine species of river turtles have been found.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

ECO-TOURISM

  • An important wetland such as this which falls in the Ganga basin should be protected at all costs so that biodiversity can be conserved.
  • Apart from turtles and migratory birds, river dolphin tourism is another way to draw visitors and ensure livelihood opportunities for local people.

Many wetlands are important habitats for the Sarus crane, the state bird of Uttar Pradesh.

  • For this purpose, a dolphin safari by boats has been started recently and dolphins will also be counted to assess their population.
  • Uttar Pradesh’s state animal, the swamp deer, will also be tracked through radio collaring.
  • The Haidepur wetland has been identified under Namami Gange, a flagship programme of the Government of India launched in 2014.
     SOURCES: DownToEarth  | 12th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Farm to Fork : Kiwi Fruit

      HEADLINES:

To Strengthen Prime Minister’s vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat & Vocal for Local, Agriculture Ministry organizes virtual meet on ‘Value Chain Creation for Kiwi Fruit – Farm to Fork

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture

      ISSUE: 

‘Value Chain Creation for Kiwi fruit – Farm to Fork’ initiative is for Kiwi fruit which have tremendous commercial potential.

KIWI PRODUCTION : NAGALAND

  • The Agricultural history of Nagaland which will be highly beneficial to the Kiwi farmers of the State.

The Himalayan Sub – Temperature climate is suitable for Kiwi production.

  • There is a need to introduce high yielding cultivars.
  • Kiwi Production enhancement will prove to be a milestone in the years to come.

11th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

DISTRIBUTION

The commercial cultivation of Kiwi fruit has been extended from the Sub – Himalayan Regions of India to the mid hills of Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Nilgiri Hills.

TRADE

  • LOCAL PRODUCTION : Presently, India is producing 13,000 MT of Kiwi in an area of about 4,000 Ha in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Himachal Pradesh.
  • IMPORTS : India currently imports 4,000 tonnes of Kiwis from New Zealand, Italy and Chile.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Ministry of Agriculture is trying to provide handholding support to Kiwi farmers across the country.

This is also in line with the call of ‘Vocal for Local’ which will help in reducing dependence on imports.

  • This will build a sustainable market for locally produced Kiwi fruit variants.

CHALLENGES

The problems faced by the farmers in the North East region namely:

  • Lack of good planting material
  • Productivity issues
  • Lack of packaging facilities
  • Marketing networks for farmers.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Department of Agriculture and Farmers’s Welfare has taken key steps to ensure proper training and capacity building of farmers in production as well as packaging of kiwi products is done.
  • The Government is also ensuring that farmers are connected to the market so that they can reap a fair price for their produce.
  • Persistent efforts should be made by all stakeholders to ensure Nagaland can emerge as the ‘Kiwi State’ of India.
     SOURCES:  PIB   | 12th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

#Local4Diwali

      HEADLINES:

Ministry of Textiles has launched a Campaign #Local4Diwali

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Textiles
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Handicrafts

      ISSUE: 

Appeal to all to celebrate Diwali by buying and gifting Indian handicrafts

#Local4Diwali CAMPAIGN

Handicrafts is a symbol of India’s glorious cultural heritage and an important source of livelihood in the country.

  • This sector is key to women’s empowerment as over 55% of all handicrafts artisans and allied workers are women.

INITIATIVE

Minister of Textiles in an appeal to all has stated:

  • Let’s come together to show our support for local textile and handicraft business.
  • Be it the humble earthen Diya, the desi drape, home furnishings like bed sheets, curtains or handcrafted goods that you gift your near and dear ones.
  • This Diwali make every purchase count.
  • To encourage Diwali sales through weavers, artisans, local and small businesses please show your on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram and use the hashtag #Local4Diwali.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

TO DO LIST

  • Take a picture of your favourite article – be it clothing or a handicraft product you would like to gift or use at home for Diwali.
  • Tag the person you purchase it from and go #Local4Diwali.
  • Let the trend help support sales in these challenging times; your support will help resurrect many an opportunities for those in need.
     SOURCES:  PIB | 12th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

India-ASEAN summit

      HEADLINES:

PM Modi to co-chair India-ASEAN summit today: focus on economy, strategic ties

      WHY IN NEWS:

Along with Modi, the 17th India-ASEAN summit will be co-chaired by Vietnam Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : International Grouping

      ISSUE: 

Ministry of External Affairs (MEA)  stated that the summit will review the status of ASEAN-India strategic partnership.

KEY POINTS

  • Prime Minister is expected to focus on measures to recover from coronavirus pandemic and ways to further broad-base strategic ties.
  • The progress made in key areas such as connectivity, maritime cooperation, trade and commerce, education and capacity building will be discussed.
  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is considered one of the most influential groupings in the region.

India and others such as the US, China, Japan and Australia are its dialogue partners

  • Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia are its members.
  • Several ASEAN member-nations have territorial disputes with China in South China Sea.

ASEAN-INDIA

  • ASEAN-India strategic partnership stands on a strong foundation of shared geographical, historical and civilisational ties. # India’s Act East Policy
  • New Delhi wants to see a strong, unified and prosperous ASEAN playing a central role in the Indo-Pacific region.

The leaders will discuss ways to further strengthen ASEAN-India engagement and in this context will note the adoption of ASEAN-India Plan of Action (2021-2025). 

ASEAN

ESTABLISHMENT

  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand.

ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration)was ratified by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. 

AIMS AND PURPOSES

As set out in the ASEAN Declaration, the aims and purposes of ASEAN are:

  1. To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region .
  2. To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of the region.
  3. To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest .
  4. To provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and administrative spheres.
  5. To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilisation of their agriculture and industries.
  6. To promote Southeast Asian studies.
  7. To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organisations.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • With the Indo-Pacific gaining salience in global discourse, the partnership between India and ASEAN is poised to achieve new strengths.
  • ASEAN and India share land and maritime borders, and there is a lot of scope for enhancing connectivity through land, air and sea.

India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway is an ongoing effort to enhance road connectivity between Northeast India and Southeast Asia.

  • There is good air-connectivity between India and several ASEAN countries, including Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia.
  • Last year, Indigo and Vietjet started air-services between India and Vietnam.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 12th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

East Container Terminal

      HEADLINES:

Sri Lanka yet to take a final call on container terminal

      WHY IN NEWS:

Colombo might concede to pressure from India, say unions

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Ports

      ISSUE: 

EAST CONTAINER TERMINAL

  • Sri Lankan government is yet to declare its final position on developing the strategic East Container Terminal (ECT) at the Colombo Port jointly with India and Japan.
  • It was agreed in May 2019 by the previous government.

Now port worker unions, which are resisting the project, think Sri Lanka might “concede”.

THE DEAL

  • As per the MoC, the Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA) was to retain 100% ownership.

While a jointly-owned Terminal Operations Company — 51% stake with Sri Lanka and 49% with India and Japan — would run the terminal.
 

  • Despite the tripartite understanding, the former government was unable to take the deal forward.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • India’s interest in the project has well-known commercial and strategic motives.
  • The ECT adjoins the Colombo International Container Terminal (CICT).

CICT is the SLPA’s joint venture with China Merchants Port Holdings Company that holds an 85% stake. 
 

  • A deep-water container terminal, the CICT is the busiest at the Colombo Port.
  • The ECT is also located near the China-backed $1.4 billion Port City coming up on reclaimed land at Colombo’s sea front.
  • Rajapaksa administration ruled out any Indian involvement in developing the Mattala airport, located near the Chinese-built Hambantota Port.
  • Japan, one of Sri Lanka’s biggest donors over the years, is also keen to help develop the ECT.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 11th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

 

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