15th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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15th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai 15th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Be miserable. Or motivate yourself. Whatever has to be done, it’s always your choice.” –Wayne Dyer

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Air Unique-quality Monitoring (AUM) Photonic System

      HEADLINES:

Indigenous Air Unique-quality Monitoring (AUM) Photonic System developed for Real-Time Remote Monitoring of Air Quality

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Recent Innovations : Science and Technology

      ISSUE: 

World Health Organisation (WHO)’s reports show that the worsening state of poor air quality is responsible for more than 7.5 million fatalities worldwide annually.

  • The current systems and technologies used for air quality monitoring are prohibitively expensive for wider deployment.
  • This underlines the need for development of systems for real-time remote monitoring of relevant air quality parameters.

AIR UNIQUE-QUALITY MONITORING (AUM) PHOTONIC SYSTEM

  • The system titled AUM (Air Unique-quality Monitoring) had CATS Eco-Systems, Nashik as the technology transfer partner for commercialization.

DEVELOPED BY

  • With the support from Department of Science and Technology’s Clean Air Research Initiative ,Gayatri Vidya Parishad-Scientific and Industrial Research Centre & GVP College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam, has developed an indigenous photonic system for real-time remote monitoring of air quality parameters.

FEATURES

  • The AUM system (patent pending) is an innovative application of the principles of laser backscattering, statistical mechanics and optoelectronics.

It is also equipped with artificial intelligence, machine/deep learning, and Internet of Things.

  • It can identify, classify, and quantify various pollutants simultaneously (of orders of less than one part per billion)
  • and meteorological parameters, with very high precision, sensitivity and accuracy.
  • AUM was successfully evaluated during laboratory trials with gold standards.
  • It is portable, compact, low powered and economical, works on plug and play system and requires no setting uptime.

It provides information on all gases and meteorological parameters simultaneously.

  • The data from spatially separated sensors can be seamlessly streamed to a cloud server.
  • From cloud it is digestible real-time encrypted information on dashboard is made available to user at any part of the world.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • It has been found to be highly sensitive and accurate and capable of simultaneous detection..
  • This system can boost the nation’s efforts towards self-reliance in high-end technologies .
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 15th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

AYUSH for Immunity Campaign

      HEADLINES:

Launch of ‘AYUSH for Immunity Campaign’ by Ministry of AYUSH receives enthusiastic response in the digital space

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of AYUSH
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Health

      ISSUE: 

There is a need for behavioural change in people towards immunity enhancing steps

AYUSH FOR IMMUNITY

  •  The Ministry of AYUSH launched a three-month campaign on “Ayush for Immunity” today.

AIM

To acquaint the people with valuable information about strengths of various Ayush-based solutions for enhancing immunity and preventing diseases.

HOSTED BY

  • The Webinar was staged on Ayush Virtual Convention Centre (AVCC), the new digital communication platform of the Ministry.

THEME

Accessible and affordable health for all, through Ayush solutions.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • There is need to enhance immunity and the requirement of lifestyle change in the current scenario.
  • Ministry is planning to launch under the umbrella of “Ayush for Immunity” campaign.

The experts addressed the key steps that can be taken to remain healthy through simple practices.   

  • They shared their experiences and findings, within a scientific framework, with the public.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The event concluded with a final immunity message for the citizens from each expert.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 15th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

SC finds Bhushan guilty

      HEADLINES:

SC finds Bhushan guilty of contempt for tweets

      WHY IN NEWS:

Lawyer’s posts amount to scandalising the court, it says

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Judiciary : Rule of Law : Contempt of court

      ISSUE: 

Civil rights lawyer Prashant Bhushan guilty of criminal contempt by “scandalising the court”.

THE VERDICT

  • The tweets had the effect of attempting to destabilise Indian democracy.
  • Such malice should be dealt with an iron hand in the larger public interest.

The magnanimity of courts should not extend to weakness.

Guilty of contempt

  • The Bench, headed by Justice Arun Mishra, said when a “scheme” was on to damage public confidence in the judiciary, those interested in fearless justice should stand firmly.
  • The court could not ignore the disrespect and disaffection created by the “scurrilous” tweets.
  • The Contempt of Court Act of 1971 punishes with imprisonment that may extend to six months or fine of ₹2,000 or both.

‘EXTREME MEASURE’

  • The judgment said punishing a lawyer was an extreme measure but nevertheless necessary to keep the “streams of justice pure, serene and undefiled”.
  • Judiciary was the central pillar of Indian democracy.

It was the duty of the court to punish to preserve its dignity, the judgment emphasised.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

OPINION OF OTHER JUDGES IN THE BENCH

  • Mr. Bhushan termed the tweets expressions of his anguish that “everything is not hunky-dory”.
  • Justice Gavai differed with him, saying, “Critics are instruments of reform, but not those actuated by malice but those who are inspired by public weal…

Hostile criticism of judges as judges or judiciary would amount to scandalising the court.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 15th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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