15th June 2020|UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS |

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Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 15th June 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Try not to become a person of success, but rather try to become a person of value.” –Albert Einstein

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

CIMAP announces photography competition

      HEADLINES:

CIMAP announces photography competition on medicinal and aromatic plants

      WHY IN NEWS:

The theme of the competition is ‘Know your Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs)’

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Conservation of flora and fauna

      ISSUE: 

Through this competition, CIMAP also wants to convey the message of conservation of these medicinal plants

MEDICINAL PLANTS :

  • Medicinal and aromatic plants have always grabbed public attention.
  • Their intrinsic value to the health and well-being of human beings and animals has also been well established over the years.
  • At the same time, not many of us are fully aware of the usefulness and medicinal value of most of these plants.

CIMAP COMPETITION : 

  • In an effort to create awareness about the usefulness of these plants, the Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic plants (CIMAP) has announced a photography competition on medicinal and aromatic plants. 

AIM :

Through this competition, CIMAP also wants to convey the message of conservation of these medicinal plants.

  The theme of the competition is ‘Know your Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs)’.

PRIZE :

  • The winners will receive cash awards of Rs. 5000, Rs. 3000, and Rs. 2000 for first, second, and third prizes, respectively.
  • In addition, there will be consolation prizes of Rs. 1000 each for another 10 entries.
  • The competition is open to all Indian amateur and professional photographers.
  • Up to three photographs may be submitted for each entry.
daily current affairs iasbhai

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The winners will be chosen by judges nominated by the Director, CSIR-CIMAP, Lucknow.
  • The decision of the judges will be final.
SUGGESTED READING : www.cimap.res.in 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

New drug for amoebiasis

      HEADLINES:

New drug for amoebiasis in the offing

      WHY IN NEWS:

HOT FROM PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Entamoeba histolytica is the third-leading cause of morbidity and mortality due to parasitic disease in humans.

AMEBIASIS :

  • Amebiasis is a disease caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica.
  • It can affect anyone, although it is more common in people who live in tropical areas with poor sanitary conditions. 
  • It causes amoebiasis or amoebic dysentery, which is highly prevalent in developing countries.

A team of researchers from the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) has developed new drug molecules against the protozoa that causes amoebiasis.

  • This protozoan is anaerobic or micro-aerophilic in nature such that it cannot survive high concentrations of oxygen.
  • However, during infection, it faces a high surge of oxygen inside the human body.
  • The organism synthesizes large amounts of cysteine to counter oxidative stress.
  • This pathogen deploys cysteine as one of the essential molecules in its defence mechanism against high oxygen levels.

  “Cysteine biosynthesis is crucial for the survival of E. histolytica and may be similar protozoan parasites.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • These can be targeted by inhibiting their pathways, which we have successfully done.
  • The identified molecules can be lead to the development of drug molecules
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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