16th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

When something is important enough, you do it even if the odds are not in your favour.– Elon Musk

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

16th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Postage Stamp released on A-SAT

      HEADLINES:

Postage Stamp released on A-SAT: India’s First Anti Satellite Missile

      WHY IN NEWS:

A Customized My Stamp on India’s First Anti Satellite Missile (A-SAT) launch was released by Department of Posts on the occasion of Engineers Day.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Space : Science and Technology

      ISSUE: 

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (A-SAT) missile test ‘Mission Shakti’

A-SAT MISSILE

  • A DRDO developed A-SAT Missile successfully engaged an Indian orbiting target satellite in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) in a ‘Hit to Kill’ mode.

The interceptor missile was a three-stage missile with two solid rocket boosters.

  • Tracking data from range sensors had confirmed that the mission met all its objectives.
  • The entire effort was indigenous which demonstrated the Nation’s capability to develop such complex and critical missions.
  • A number of industries also participated in the mission.

With this success, India became fourth nation in the world to possess such capability.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • DRDO has plenty of achievements to be proud of; however the future is in space based technologies.
  • Satellites are critical and with this capability India can defend it’s assets in space.
     SOURCES: PIB | 16th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Consumer Welfare Fund

      HEADLINES:

Consumer Welfare Fund

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Consumer Affairs

      ISSUE: 

CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT, 1986

  • The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 had set in motion a consumer movement in the country.
  • The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 which came into effect from 20th July 2020.

It replaces the Consumer Protection Act of 1986 would give greater fillip to the ongoing consumer movement in the country.

  • The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 provides for establishment of the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers as a class.

FEATURES

  • The Act provides for  simplifying the consumer dispute adjudication process in the Consumer Commissions.
  • This includes empowerment of the State and District Commissions to review their own Orders, enabling a consumer to file complaints electronically

Aggrieved can file complaints in Consumer Commissions that have jurisdiction over the place of his residence, video conferencing for hearing .
 

  • The question of admissibility is not decided within the specified period of 21 days.
  • To simplify the adjudication process, mediation, as an Alternate Dispute Resolution mechanism, has been provided in the new Act.

The Act introduces the concept of product liability and brings within its scope the product manufacturer, the product service provider and the product seller, for any claim for compensation.

CONSUMER WELFARE FUND

  • The objective of this fund was to promote and protect the welfare of consumer, create consumer awareness and strengthen consumer movement in the country, particularly in rural areas.
  • In this fund, the money which is not refundable to the manufacturers etc. is being credited.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The government also provides budgetary support as financial assistance to States/UTs for conducting Consumer Awareness Programmes .
     SOURCES: PIB | 16th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Venus might have microbial life

      HEADLINES:

Venus might have microbial life in its atmosphere, study shows

      WHY IN NEWS:

Phosphine gas, made up of hydrogen and phosphorus, hass been found in the planet’s clouds, a marker for the existence of microbes that can live without oxygen

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Space

      ISSUE: 

Venus might have microbial life in its atmosphere that could be the first sign of extra terrestrial life in our solar system

PHOSPHINE GAS

  • An international team of astronomers from United States (US), United Kingdom (UK) and Japan announced the discovery of phosphine gas.
  • It is made up of hydrogen and phosphorus.
  • It surrounds the planet’s clouds, that is a marker for the existence of microbes that can live without oxygen.

Organisms would have to be tolerant of the highly acidic atmosphere of Venus

  • Phosphine gas occurs in trace amounts in the planet’s atmosphere — only about 20 molecules for every billion.
  • On Earth, some microbes can cope with up to about five per cent of acid in their environment — but the clouds of Venus are almost entirely made of acid.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Finding phosphine on Venus raises many questions, such as how any organisms could survive.
  • Confirming the existence of life on Venus’s atmosphere would be a major breakthrough for astrobiology.

The gas could have been produced by non- biological processes like sunlight, volcanoes or lightning. 

  • To produce phosphine gas in that quantity living organisms would have work at 10 per cent of their maximum productivity.
  • The bacteria on Earth that generate phosphine ingest phosphate from minerals or other biological material, combine it with hydrogen to produce energy for their sustenance and eject phosphine gas as a by-product.
     SOURCES:DownToEarth | 16th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

National Research Centre on Camels

      HEADLINES:

National Research Centre on Camels

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture

      ISSUE: 

A new branch is opening soon in Gujrat for Camel study and management. 

STEPS TO PROTECT KHARAI CAMELS

1. Kharai camel has been characterized, registered and gazette notified as breed by DARE/ICAR.

2. NRCC has signed an MoU with Kamdhenu University, Gujarat for further breed conservation and development by

(i) Training of farmers for scientific camel husbandry;

(ii) Organizing Scientist-farmers interaction meetings;

(iii) Holding animal health camps;

(iv) Providing technical support for development of the entrepreneurship towards the camel milk.

MAJOR INITIATIVES

Following is being carried out by NRCC, Bikaner to protect double humped camel in Ladakh:-

  1. Camel health management by organizing health camps in Nubra valley.
  2. Nutritional management by utilizing local feed resources.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

For setting up of a branch in Gujarat of  National Research Centre on Camel (NRCC), Bikaner,an appropriate size of land and other resources on nominal cost/lease basis is desired from the Government of Gujarat.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU | 16th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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