17th DECEMBER-DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB- IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB: 17th DECEMBER

 

“Don’t be discouraged. It’s often the last key in the bunch that opens the lock.”

Citizenship Act rules get ready

      HEADLINES: 

Citizenship Act rules get ready

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Ministry says no automatic grant of rights, migrants must apply online

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:Citizenship

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you need to have a clear picture about the types of citizenship India grants to its citizen.Revise Laxmikanth once more !

For MAINS pros and cons of CAA should suffice the whole issue.

      ISSUE: 

A migrant should apply online and the competent authority would see whether he or she fulfilled all the qualifications for registration or naturalisation as an Indian citizen

 

KEYFACTS :

  • No migrant from the six non-Muslim communities from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh “will become an Indian citizen automatically”.
  • The Citizenship Amendment Act, proposes to grant citizenship to “persecuted” minorities from any of the three countries who entered India on or before December 31, 2014. 

ADVISORY TO STATES:

  • An advisory to the States and Union Territories asking them to take all possible steps to check violence and ensure the safety of life and property.
  • It requested them to take action against circulation of fake news and rumours on social media having the potential to incite violence.
  • There are apprehensions that the Act, followed by a country-wide National Register of Citizens, will benefit non-Muslims, while excluded Muslims will have to prove their citizenship.
  • “The CAA does not target any religious community from abroad.
  • It only provides a mechanism for some migrants who may otherwise have been called ‘illegal’ depriving them of opportunity to apply for Indian citizenship provided they meet certain conditions,”.
  • “Any foreigner on becoming eligible can acquire citizenship by registration or by naturalisation irrespective of his country or his community.
  • The CAA enables migrants/foreigners of six minority communities from three specified countries who have come to India because of persecution on grounds of their religion to apply for Indian citizenship.
  • It does not amend any existing legal provision which enables any foreigner of any class, creed, religion, category etc to apply for Indian citizenship through registration or naturalisation modes.
  • Such a foreigner has to become eligible to apply for citizenship after fulfilling the minimum legal requirements,”
  • “Such migrants continue to get Indian citizenship and shall also continue to get it if they fulfil the eligibility conditions already provided in the law for registration or naturalisation,”

CITIZENSHIP TO TAMILS:

The official said that 4.61 lakh Tamils of Indian origin were given Indian citizenship from 1964 to 2008 after the signing of bilateral agreements in 1964 and 1974. Nearly 95,000 Sri Lankan refugees are living in Tamil Nadu.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“The CAA does not apply to Indian citizens and they are completely unaffected by it,”.

In the past six years, 2,830 Pakistani citizens, 912 Afghan citizens and 172 Bangladeshi citizens were given Indian citizenship and “hundreds of them are from the majority community of these three countries”.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

 

Growth slowdown

      HEADLINES: 

Growth slowdown not entirely due to global factors, says Shaktikanta Das

      WHY IN NEWS: 

‘RBI saw a momentum for slowdown building up, and started cutting rates’

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Growth and Development :Economy

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you have to understand major hacks how the growth can be initiated from RBI.

For MAINS there are some key takeaway points in the article.

      ISSUE: 

Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Shaktikanta Das has called for greater coordination among all countries to revive growth, while observing that the growth slowdown in India was not entirely due to global factors.

 

 KEYFACTS :

  • The RBI Governor called for coordinated action by advanced and emerging economies to revive growth.
  • GDP growth slowed down to a 26-quarter low at 4.5% in the second quarter of the current fiscal.
  • In its monetary policy meeting held earlier this month, RBI cut growth projections to 5% from 6.1% projected in October. “For emerging market countries like India, it is important that there is quick revival of growth.
  • Despite a forecast for lower growth, RBI held interest rates in December due to concerns on rising prices.
  • The CPI inflation projection was revised upwards to 5.1-4.7% for the second half of 2019-20 and 4.0-3.8% for the first half of 2020-21.
  • “The relative emphasis between growth and inflation will depend on prevailing macroeconomic scenario, inflation and growth outlook and signals emerging from incoming data,”

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“We acted a little bit ahead of time in terms of reducing our policy rates. As early as February this year, the RBI saw that a momentum for slowdown was building up, so started cutting rates this year,”

Suggested Reading : https://iasbhai.com/4th-december-the-daily-hindu-editorial-hunt-iasbhai/#EDITORIAL_17_Structural_policies_needed_for_7-plus_growth

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

Visitor’s Awards 2019

      HEADLINES: 

President of India Presents Visitor’s Awards 2019

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Addresses Vice-Chancellors of Central Universities, Directors of Iisers and Indian Institute of Science Bengaluru

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Awards

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you have to  understand what is this award all about ! Names are not important here 🙂

      ISSUE: 

Universities Should Become the Laboratories for Exposing Students to the Problems that Need to Be Addressed In the Cause of Nation-Building

WHAT IS VISITORS AWARDS ?

The Visitor’s Award – for Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences was presented to Prof. Sibnath Deb from the Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University; for Research in Physical Sciences was presented to Prof. Sanjay Puri from the School of Physical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University; for Research in Biological Sciences was jointly presented to Prof. Asad Ullah Khan from the Inter-disciplinary Biotechnology Unit, Aligarh Muslim University and to Dr Partima from the Special Centre for Nano-science, Jawaharlal Nehru University. The Visitor’s Award for Technology Development was conferred on Dr Shaon Ray Chaudhuri from the Department of Microbiology, Tripura University.

Edition: President presented the 5th Visitor’s Awards.  

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Objective of our central universities should be to constantly grow and upgrade themselves to the best of global standards.beyond classrooms and labs, students should be encouraged to take up socially-oriented ventures through NSS or other clubs.

Universities and higher educational institutions should play a leading role in addressing the specific challenges faced by our nation and our society.

Vice-Chancellors and Directors are also mandated to develop leadership qualities in their students

It is their paramount duty to ensure that their campuses emerge as spaces that nurture free expression and ideas, where experimentation is encouraged and failure is not ridiculed but seen as learning.

In addition, universities should become the laboratories for exposing students to the problems that need to be addressed in the cause of nation-building. 

 

      SOURCES:  PIB

 

GEM Samvaad

      HEADLINES: 

GEM launches National Outreach Programme – GEM Samvaad

      WHY IN NEWS: 

PIB release !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:3 : GEM Samvaad : Schemes

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you need to focus on significance of this initiative !

For MAINS this could be a wonderful example driven out for helping MSME in India .

      ISSUE: 

A national outreach Programme, GeM Samvaad, was launched by Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Go1vernment of India and Chairman.

AIM
  •  The outreach programme will take place with stakeholders across the country and with local sellers in order to facilitate on-boarding of local sellers on the marketplace while catering to specific requirements and procurement needs of buyers.
  • The outreach programme will take place from 19 Dec 2019 to 17 Feb 2020 and will cover all the States and UTs of the country.

FEATURES

  • GeM has more than 15 lakh products and around 20,000 services, more than 3 lakh registered sellers and service providers and more than 40,000 Government buyer organizations.
  • In its short journey of three years, GeM has processed more than 28 lakh orders worth Rs. 40,000 crores in Gross Merchandise Value out of which 50% has been transacted by MSMEs.
  • State Departments and Organizations and Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) have been using GeM for their buying needs.
  • Sellers from the State are also benefitting through the access to national Public Procurement market using the portal.
  • Through GeM Samvaad the marketplace is looking forward to receiving feedback from users which shall be used for making improvements and advancements in the system.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

GeM has transformed public procurement in the country by leveraging technology and making procurement contactless, paperless, and cashless.

Government e Marketplace (GeM) is the national public procurement portal offering end to end solutions for all procurement needs of Central and State Government Departments, PSUs, autonomous institutions and local bodies.

      SOURCES:  PIB

 

 


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