18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

“What we fear doing most is usually what we most need to do.” – Tim Ferriss

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2021

AMR driven by manufacturing : Next big challenge

      HEADLINES:

AMR driven by manufacturing our next big challenge

      WHY IN NEWS:

AMR week is trending now ! An alliance of pioneers has decided to pave the way for more sustainably produced medicine.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Anti-Microbial Resistance : Drugs : Diseases

      ISSUE: 

Antibiotics production is an important yet often forgotten driver of antimicrobial resistance.

SAFER MANUFACTURING PRACTICES

  • Pharmaceutical residues can be found in the environment and waters in almost every corner of the world.
  • The substances can alter the behaviour of organisms, bio-accumulate, and cause antibiotic resistance.
  • Initially, residues were primarily associated with the consumption of medication, but a growing body of research also points to the role of manufacturing.

Researchers have found high concentrations of pharmaceutical substances in surface and groundwater systems near production facilities.

  • An immediate shift to safer manufacturing practices would save lives in global pharmaceuticals hubs such as Hyderabad.

RESPONSIBLE ANTIBIOTICS MANUFACTURING PLATFORM (RAMP)

  • In February 2020 Responsible Antibiotics Manufacturing Platform (RAMP) a global collaboration was launched.
  • RAMP brings together pioneers among procurers, regulators, and companies to co-create the business-case for sustainably produced antibiotics.

Government of India has started to talk about setting the world’s first national targets for emissions of pharmaceutical residues.

  • RAMP builds on experiences of Stockholm International Water Institute, SIWI.
  • SIWI over the years of work has been encouraging safer drug manufacturing.

18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

  • There are voluntary standards for responsible manufacturing developed by the AMR Industry Alliance.
  • And both individual countries and the United Nations Development Programme UNDP have formulated environmental criteria for procuring medicine.
  • Even investors show a growing interest in addressing the hidden risks in antibiotics supply chains.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • These scattered initiatives should move to the centre stage and fundamentally transform the pharma business, something more is needed.
  • RAMP platform can be this decisive force that makes sustainable manufacturing the norm for the whole antibiotics industry.
SUGGESTED READING : AMR WEEK 2020 
     SOURCES:  DownToEarth  | 18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Rajasthan Camels decline

      HEADLINES:

Rajasthan camel breeders threaten to leave animals with district collectors

      WHY IN NEWS:

The breeders have demanded that state Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot come up with a solution to their problems by November 26, 2020

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Fauna

      ISSUE: 

The Lokhit Pashu Palak Sansthan, a body of camel breeders from Rajasthan, wrote to Chief Minister, demanding a solution to the ban on export of camels by November 26.

  • The Sansthan is a body of 7,000-8,000 camel breeder families .
  • They are located mostly in Pali, Sirohi, Badmer, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Nagore, Jaipur, Alwar and Dausa districts of Rajasthan.

CAMEL OWNERS AND CONCERNS

  • The breeders have been facing problems as the prices and population of camels.

The prices have crashed with the passage of the Rajasthan Camel Prohibition of Export Act in 2015.

  • Instead of helping, this has had a negative effect, decimating the camel population to less than 200,000 now, from around 300,000 in 2012.
  • The ban prohibits the sale of camels to any other state or country.
  • The ban was put in place after animal welfare organisations lobbied the government to put a ban .

Owners want to sell male camels freely, including to Arab countries where there is a demand for racing camels.

  • The welfare organisations had arguing that camels were being sent to be slaughtered in Bangladesh, causing their population to decline.

EXPORT BAN

  • When the camel was declared the state animal in 2014, we were hopeful that our communities of traditional breeders and caretakers as well as our animals would benefit.

Camels used to be sold to Haryana and other states for milk, but now that has stopped.

  • Now, camels taking goods across the state border are also stopped.
  • A ban on exporting females was viable, as the export of males will not have a severe impact on the camel population.
  • This will also financially help the breeders.

GRAZING RIGHTS

  • Another problem that breeders faced is the shrinking spaces for camels to graze.

Although Rajasthan had declared the camel as a state animal, it has not made any provision for grazing areas.

  • Historically, camel breeders would make use of forest lands set aside by rulers for camels and farm land for grazing.
  • But over the years, these areas have become inaccessible.
  • No Community Forest Rights titles had been given to camel breeders.

GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION

The government had started a programme in 2016 to give Rs 10,000 for every new-born camel in three instalments.

  • But this programme has not been insufficiently implemented.
  • Not everybody received it and the third instalment never came.
  • The breeders had also organised a protest about the ban during the Pushkar Animal Fair in November 2019 .

RECOMMENDATIONS

The breeders have now given a list of five recommendation to Govt of Rajasthan

THESE RECOMMENDATIONS ARE

  1. Remove camel export ban
  2. Promote camel milk as health food
  3. Utilise camel milk for midday meals, women and TB patients
  4. Ensure free range grazing rights for camels
  5. Promote Ayurvedic camel milk to tourists visiting India and Rajasthan

There is a hidden camel milk market of 12,000-15,000 litres where the milk is mixed with cow and buffalo milk in small quantities.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • It is no longer possible to have an income from breeding camels.

They can no longer afford to take care of camels and have to abandon them.

  • In Pakistan, no such ban existed and the camel population there had increased to one million.
  • Camels were being sold for Rs 1- 25 lakh Pakistani Rupees.
  • In India the price of camels had crashed to just Rs 2,500, from Rs 30,000.
SUGGESTED READING : WORLD CAMEL DAY 2020 
     SOURCES:   DownToEarth | 18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Fake News Mechanism-SC

      HEADLINES:

What mechanism do you have against fake news, SC asks govt.

      WHY IN NEWS:

‘Create one if an authority doesn’t exist or we’ll give the job to an outside agency’-SC

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Judiciary

      ISSUE: 

The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Centre to explain its “mechanismagainst fake news and bigotry on air, and to create one if it did not already exist.

18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

KEY POINTS

Inability on the government’s part may well see the job go to an “outside agency”.

  • Why should we ask private entities like NBSA, etc.,when you have the authority?
  • If such an authority does not exist, create one.If you cannot, then we will hand it over to an outside agency,” -CJI

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The case is based on petitions, including by Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind on Tablighi Jamaat event in the National Capital during the lockdown.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Plasma Therapy : Replacement Donor

      HEADLINES:

‘Have to wait 4-5 hours to get plasma’

      WHY IN NEWS:

Finding a replacement donor is difficult, say family members of people infected with COVID-19

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

Many people said that they had to spend about “four-five hours” to get the alleged life-saving fluid.

FINDING A DONOR

  • Finding a replacement donor to get plasma of required blood group from the ILBS is difficult.

Relatives of patients said that the government should step in and help them find replacement donors.

  • Delhi’s first convalescent plasma bank for COVID-19 was started at the government-run ILBS over four months ago 
  • The institute has since then issued more than 3,000 units of plasma.

Plasma Therapy

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Voluntary donations are very low and its mostly replacement donors that come again.
  • For every 30-40 replacement donors, there are only 2-5 voluntary donors.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Online education woes

      HEADLINES:

Study highlights online education woes

      WHY IN NEWS:

It is a field study by the Azim Premji University on the efficacy and accessibility of e-learning

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Education

      ISSUE: 

Inadequate number of smartphones, difficulty in using apps important reasons

MYTHS OF ONLINE EDUCATION

TITLE

  • The study, titled “Myths of Online Education”, was undertaken in five States across 26 districts and covered 1,522 schools.
  • The study examined the experience of children and teachers with online education.

KEY FINDINGS

  • Study has found that more than 60% of the respondents who are enrolled in government schools could not access online education.
  • More than 80,000 students study in these government schools.
  • Children with disabilities in fact found it more difficult to participate in online sessions.
  • 90% of the teachers who work with children with disabilities found their students unable to participate online.
  • Almost 90% of parents of government school students surveyed were willing to send their children back to school.

However, they said it would be a feasible option if the health of their children was taken care of when schools reopen.

  • 70% of the parents surveyed were of the opinion that online classes were not effective and did not help in their child’s learnings.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

‘NO EMOTIONAL CONNECT’

  • Teachers, too, expressed frustration with online classes.

More than 80% surveyed said they were unable to maintain emotional connect with students during online classes. 

  • 90% of teachers felt that no meaningful assessment of children’s learning was possible.
SUGGESTED READING : ISSUES WITH ONLINE CLASSES  
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

NHRC : Drop in women workers

      HEADLINES:

NHRC notes a drop in women workers

      WHY IN NEWS:

Expert group to come up with Ministry-wise recommendations to increase their participation

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Issues related to women : Society

      ISSUE: 

The NHRC core group felt more women should take up jobs like drivers and electricians.

NHRC GUIDELINES

  • According to the Periodic Labour Force Survey reports released by NSO , women’s participation in the workforce “fell to its lowest points since Independence in the year 2017-18.
  • Guidelines to the government to improve women’s participation in the workforce would be issued by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) soon.

KEY OBSERVATIONS

  • The most major decline can be seen since 2004, from 29.4% to 17.5% in 2017-18.
  • This has marginally increased to 18.6% in the year 2018-19.

One of the suggestions was that there should be investment in the care economy as well as regulatory mechanism.

  • The state must come forward and private players can also participate.

EXAMPLE
In Nepal,  there is a community care system.

JOB GUARANTEE

  • Among the suggestions were the need for better working conditions, gender sensitivity at workplaces, and equal sharing of household work.

It was suggested that an urban employment guarantee scheme be started along the lines of the MGNREGA with reservation for women.

  • Many times, women want to work but the opportunities are not there.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The group discussed skilling and encouraging women to take up “unconventional” jobs like of drivers and electricians.

     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 18th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2021

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