IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB: 19th OCTOBER 2019
CJI names successor
Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi has recommended Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde as his successor and the 47th Chief Justice of India in keeping with convention and the seniority norm
WHY IN NEWS?
The Chief Justice, due to retire on November 17, has sent his recommendation to the government.
GS 2: Appointments.
Just go through Laxmikant’s CJI Chapter ? Important for PRELIMS because question has already been asked in PRELIMS from this section.
Well for MAINS you have to go through issues related with appointment and drawbacks.
- Article 124 of the Constitution of India provides the matter of appointing judges of the Supreme Court.
- Though no specific provision exists in the Constitution for appointing the Chief Justice, who as a result, is appointed like the other judges.
- Conventionally, the outgoing CJI recommends the name of the senior-most judge (i.e. by date of appointment to the Supreme Court) for appointment by the President of India, as his successor
Who is CJI?
- The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India. The CJI also heads their administrative functions.
- As head of the supreme court, the chief justice is responsible for the allocation of cases and appointment of constitutional benches which deal with important matters of law.
- In accordance with Article 145 of the Constitution of India and the Supreme Court Rules of Procedure of 1966, the Chief Justice allocates all work to the other judges who are bound to refer the matter back to him or her (for re-allocation) in any case where they require it to be looked into by a larger bench of more judges.
- On the administrative side, the Chief Justice carries out the following functions: maintenance of the roster; appointment of court officials and general and miscellaneous matters relating to the supervision and functioning of the Supreme Court.
- However this convention has been broken twice. In 1973, Justice AN Ray was appointed superseding 3 senior judges. Also, in 1975 Justice MH Beg was appointed as the CJI superseding Justice HR Khanna.
The health of the Judiciary depends on important appointments.Though the CJI’s powers and duties have been considered equivalent to the other justices of the Supreme Court, under Misra, the court pronounced that the CJI “alone has the prerogative to constitute the benches of the court and allocate cases to the benches so constituted” even if the case involved accusations against the CJI him/herself, thus creating the provision to violate the principle of natural justice.
SOURCES: THE HINDU
‘37.7% of processed milk samples unsafe’-FSSAI
WHY IN NEWS?
Food safety authority finds most adulteration in Telangana, followed by Madhya Pradesh and Kerala
GS 3:4:Food Processing: Food Adulteration and Ethics.
Food Safety and Standard Authority of India (FSSAI) is an important organisation for all the three stages of examination.
For PRELIMS go through the report breifly, numbers involved are not important.
- The study noted that processed milk, including that of major brands, failed to meet the prescribed quality norm in 37.7% of the total samples tested, and in the safety parameters too, 10.4% of the processed milk samples were non-compliant.
- FSSAI CEO Pawan Agarwal explained that the study collected a total 6,432 milk samples from 1,103 towns and cities between May and October 2018 in all States and Union Territories. About 40.5% of the total sample was processed milk, while the rest was raw milk.
- “10.4% of the total processed milk samples (of 2,607) failed to comply with the FSSAI norm as contaminants like aflatoxin-M1, antibiotics and pesticides were found. In case of raw milk, non-compliance was at an even higher rate of 47% of the total samples of 3,825,” he said.
- In terms of quality, the survey found that 37.7% of the total sample of processed milk did not comply with quality parameters because the presence of contaminants such as fats, Maltodextrin and sugar were above permissible limits.
Aflatoxin a worry
- He added that the problem of Aflatoxin-M1 is more dominant in processed milk than raw milk. Tamil Nadu, Delhi and Kerala were top three States where Aflatoxin residue was found the most, noted the report. In large doses, aflatoxins can be life threatening, usually through damage to liver.
- Aflatoxin-M1 comes in the milk through feed and fodder that are currently not regulated in the country, and it is for the first time that such a detailed survey of the presence of this residue in milk has been done in India. “There is no proper lab to test this residue in the country.
- India is the world’s largest producer of milk. The total estimated milk production in the country was 176.35 million tonnes during 2017-18.
Consumption of food containing aflatoxin concentrations of one milligram/kilogram or higher has been suspected to cause aflatoxicosis, the prognosis of which consists of acute liver failure, jaundice, lethargy and nausea, eventually leading to death, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) study in February 2018.
SOURCES: THE HINDU/ DOWNTOEARTH
Robin Campillo, Lynne Ramsay on IFFI jury
WHY IN NEWS?
French director Robin Campillo and Scottish filmmaker-writer Lynne Ramsay will be part of the international competition jury at the forthcoming 50th International Film Festival of India (IFFI).
GS 1: History of Indian Cinema
IFFI History is important as it is little neglected area; and we can expect a question from here.
Nothing much for Mains here.
This year, as we ring in the 50th year of IFFI, we promise to take it a notch higher and make it golden. The preparations for golden jubilee edition have begun and the 50th edition will be tracing the history of IFFI from its 1st to the 49th.
IFFI boosts the morale of vernacular cinemas
The once sceptical scenario of Goa’s film culture changed with a number of Konkani films getting made every year. There are film-clubs flourishing in Goa and the weekly releases at the multiplex are met with a lot of enthusiasm.
IFFI’s journey from 23 countries in 1952 to 65+ countries in 2019
With 48 years of existence and over a decade’s presence in Goa, IFFI has grown massively in both quantitative and qualitative terms. In 1952, it started with the participation of 23 countries with over two hundred films’ entries. This year, the numbers have quadrupled to a whopping 1000 entries from over 100 countries across the world.
From Indian to International Celebrities, IFFI has seen them all
IFFI celebrates its Golden Jubilee this year with a bigger showbiz and a better zeal from film artists around the globe
Films have been an integral part of all our lives and India has a rich history in film making. The International Film Festival of India has gained itself a reputation of being one of the most significant film festivals of Asia, by awarding excellence in cinematic achievements. From showcasing the most critically acclaimed films from around the world to providing a competitive platform to Indian Regional cinema, IFFI has come a long way in fostering the talent of both eminent and budding filmmakers.
SOURCES: THE HINDU
Terror-funding: FATF retains Pak. on grey list
WHY IN NEWS?
Pakistan continues to be in the FATF ‘Grey List’
GS 3: Internal Security.
For PRELIMS you need to concentrate on FATF establishment and facts about it;
For MAINS you have to look for measures needed to tackle issues like terror financing etc
- Since Pakistan continues to be in the FATF ‘Grey List’ , it would be difficult for the country to get financial aid from the IMF, the World Bank, Asian Development Bank and the European Union.
- The Task Force noted that Pakistan addressed five out of the 27 tasks given to it in controlling funding to terror groups like the Lashkar-e-Taiba , Jaish-e-Mohammad and Hizbul Mujahideen, responsible for a series of attacks in India.
- The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 by the Ministers of its Member jurisdictions.
- The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.
- The FATF is therefore a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas.
- The FATF has developed a series of Recommendations that are recognised as the international standard for combating of money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
- They form the basis for a co-ordinated response to these threats to the integrity of the financial system and help ensure a level playing field.
- First issued in 1990, the FATF Recommendations were revised in 1996, 2001, 2003 and most recently in 2012 to ensure that they remain up to date and relevant, and they are intended to be of universal application.
- In collaboration with other international stakeholders, the FATF works to identify national-level vulnerabilities with the aim of protecting the international financial system from misuse.
- The FATF’s decision making body, the FATF Plenary, meets three times per year.
What is blacklist and grey list?
FATF maintains two different lists of countries: those that have deficiencies in their Anti-Money Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) , but they commit to an action plan to address these loopholes, and those that do not end up doing enough. The former is commonly known as grey list and latter as blacklist.
Once a country is blacklisted, FATF calls on other countries to apply enhanced due diligence and counter measures, increasing the cost of doing business with the country and in some cases severing it altogether.
As of now the blacklist is —
- Cayman Islands.
- Cook Islands.
- Marshall Islands.
Sri Lanka has been removed from the “Grey List” of the international terror financing watchdog FATF.The island nation will no longer be subject to the Financial Action Task Force’s monitoring under its on-going global anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) compliance process.
SOURCES: THE HINDU
Proposal on Ravidas Temple objectionable
WHY IN NEWS?
Controversy of Land
GS 1:Bhakti & Suﬁ Movements
Take a page and add some notes for Prelims marked with RED ink and MAINS with slanted font.
Who was Sant Ravidas?
- Shri Guru Sant Ravidas Ji was a great Saint, philosopher, poet, social reformer and follower of the God in India during 15th century.
- He was one of the most famous and leading star of the nirguna sampradaya means sant parampara and lead the North Indian Bhakti movement.
- He has given variety of spiritual and social messages through his great writings of poetry to his lovers, followers, community people, society people to reform their mind and show their boundless love towards God.
Guru, Sant Ravidas Ji was born in Harijan caste in the Varanasi to the Mata Kalsa Devi Ji and Baba Santokh Dass Ji in the Seer Goverdhanpur village, Varanasi, U.P., India in the 15th century.
His Early Education
In his childhood he went to the Pathshala of his Guru, Pt. Sharda Nand who was later restricted by some higher caste people to get admitted to the Pathshala.
His Relation to Begumpura Shehr or City
Begampura is the city pioneered by Guru Ravidas Ji as a city without any sorrow and full of peace and humanity.
His Association with Meera Bai
Sant Guru Ravidas Ji is considered as a spiritual Guru of the Meera Bai who was the queen of Chittoor and daughter of Rajasthan king.
She was very impressed by the teachings of Guru Ravidass Ji and became the great follower of him. Meera Bai has written some lines in the respect of his Guru “Guru Milyaa Ravidas Ji …”.
His Involvement in Social Issues
- He was sent by the God on the earth when required him to save the real Dharma as at that time social and religious patterns were distressing because of the lots of manmade discriminations over social beliefs, caste, color and etc.
- He bravely faced all the discriminations and answered people about the real definition of beliefs and castes. He taught people that one is not known by his caste, religion or believes for God, he known only for his great actions (or karma). He also worked against the system of untouchability in the society by the higher caste people for lower caste people.
- He spread a message that “God created man and not man created God” means everyone is created by the God and has equal rights on this earth.
- Regarding this social situation, Sant Guru Ravidas Ji has given various teachings to the people about the universal brotherhood and tolerance. The King and Queen of the Chittoor kingdom became his great disciples after being influenced by his teachings.
He was Blessed with Natural Powers to Treat Leprosy
After his lots of amazing activities in the society full of super natural powers, people from all the castes and religions were influenced by his truthfulness towards the worship of God and became his strong followers, devotees and disciples.
His Positive Attitude
During his time, Shudras (untouchables) were not allowed to wear common clothes like Brahman such as Janev, tilak on the forehead and other religious practices. He started doing all such activities banned to the lower group people such as wearing Janev, dhoti, putting tilak on forehead and etc.
Social reformers set a bench mark in evolution of the society.Later kings and queens followed him
Ex: Baburnama and thoughts in Sikhism are influenced through his poetry.
SOURCES: THE HINDU
Curtain Raiser : 73rd Infantry Day Celebrations
What is Infantry day ?
- Infantry celebrates 27th October each year as Infantry Day to commemorate the first engagement with an armed adversary post independence. In response to the threat posed to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of our nation, on this day in 1947,.
- The leading elements of the Indian Army air landed at Srinagar and fought Pakistani tribesmen from the erstwhile North West Frontier Province gallantly.
Postal stamp ‘Siachen Warrior’: To commemorate the selfless contributions of the indomitable Indian Army soldier, who participated in OPERATION MEGHDOOT.
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