1st Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

There is only one thing that makes a dream impossible to achieve: the fear of failure.– Paulo Coelho

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 1st Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

Coal gasification target

      HEADLINES:

India aims to achieve 100 MT coal gasification target by 2030: Pralhad Joshi

      WHY IN NEWS:

Coal Ministry organises webinar on Coal Gasification and Liquefaction

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Coal
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Energy : Coal

      ISSUE: 

Concession of 20% provided on revenue share of coal used for gasification.

COAL GASIFICATION BY 2030

  • India aims for 100 million tonnes (MT) coal gasification by 2030 with investments worth over Rs. 4 lakh crores.
  • For use of clean sources of fuel, government has provided for a concession of 20% on revenue share of coal used for gasification.

This will boost production of synthetic natural gas, energy fuel, urea for fertilisers and production of other chemicals.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

This will help in harnessing nation’s reserves for maximum utilisation while heading on the path to sustainability, as per global standards.

     SOURCES: PIB | 1st Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Father of Science Centre Movement

      HEADLINES:

Dr. Saroj Ghose: The Father of Science Centre Movement in India turns 85

      WHY IN NEWS:

In 1979, Dr. Saroj Ghosh turned a municipal garbage ground at Worli into the world’s first science park- Nehru Science Centre

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Personality

      ISSUE: 

Dr. Saroj Ghose, the Father of Science Centre Movement in India turns 85 on September 1, 2020.

  • The doyen of science popularization movement not only in India but acclaimed internationally, Dr. Ghose is known as museum maker.
  • Science Museums and Science Centres are institutions that popularize science and technology in a non-formal way.

CONTRIBUTION

  • Dr. Ghose graduated from Jadavpur University in Electrical and Communication Engineering, and joined the upcoming Birla Industrial & Technological Museum (BITM), in Kolkata, under the aegis of CSIR, as a Technical Officer in 1958.
  • BITM was opened in 1959 and Dr. Ghose soon became an indispensable part of it.
  • In 1965, Dr. Ghose took charge of BITM.

In the same year, BITM launched ‘Mobile Science Museum’ (now called Mobile Science Exhibition) at Ramakrishna Ashram School, Narendrapur, near Kolkata.

  • The exhibition was on the theme ‘Our Familiar Electricity’ which had 30 exhibits mounted on portable stands, and carried by a bus.

The philosophy behind this travelling exhibition was, “If children cannot come to Science Museum, Science Museum will go to them”. 

  • NCSM now operates 48 Mobile Science Exhibition buses throughout the country.
  • Limca Book of Records recognized this programme as the largest and the longest running Non-Formal Science Education Programme in India.

1st Sept Current Affairs News Analysis

He was also the President, Second Science Centre World Congress, 1999.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

These Science Centres continue to play a vital role in spreading the message of Science in the country since their inceptions.

     SOURCES: PIB | 1st Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar 2020

      HEADLINES:

Air Force Sports Control Board Conferred with ‘Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar 2020’

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Sports

      ISSUE: 

Air Force Sports Control Board was conferred with ‘Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar 2020’ for the outstanding contribution in helping sportsperson to excel in their respective disciplines and implement robust sports welfare measures.

AWARD

The award is for sustained efforts towards encouragement and promotion of sports in the country and IAF in particular.

  • Air Force Sports Control Board received the award from Hon’ble President of India in an organised online ceremony at Vigyan Bhawan.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Air Force Sports Control Board (AFSCB) is the apex body for planning and conduct of sports activities within the IAF and at Inter-Services level.
  • The promotion of sports at grass root level aims at encouraging sports culture in the environment and motivates young Air Warriors to include sports activities as a way of life.
     SOURCES: PIB | 1st Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Renati Chola

      HEADLINES:

Rare Renati Chola era inscription unearthed.

      WHY IN NEWS:

It was found engraved on a dolomite slab and shale in a remote village in Kadapa district of A.P

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Culture
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : History : Chola dynasty

      ISSUE: 

A rare inscription dating back to the Renati Chola era has been unearthed in a remote village of Kadapa district that has kindled interest among the fraternity of archaeology and history.

THE INSCRIPTION

  • Going by the language and characters, the inscription was written in archaic Telugu, which was readable in 25 lines — the first side with 11 lines and the remaining on the other side.

It was assigned to the 8th Century A.D., when the region was under the rule of the Chola Maharaja of Renadu. 

  • The inscription seems to throw light on the record of a gift of six marttus (a measuring unit) of land gifted to a person Sidyamayu, one of the Brahmins serving the temple at Pidukula village.

RENATI CHOLAS

  • The Telugu Cholas of Renadu (also called as Renati Cholas) ruled over Renadu region, the present day Cuddapah district.
  • They were originally independent, later forced to the suzerainty of the Eastern Chalukyas.
  • They had the unique honour of using the Telugu language in their inscriptions belonging to the 6th and 8th centuries.

They are said to be the first kingdom to use Telugu in administration and inscriptions, instead of Sanskrit.

  • The inscriptions at Gandikota at Jammulamadugu and Proddatur are proof of this fact.

DESCENDANTS

  • The earliest of this family was Nandivarman (500 AD) who claimed descent from the family of Karikala and the Kasyapa gotra.
  • He had three sons Simhavishnu, Sundarananda and Dhananjaya, all of whom were ruling different territories simultaneously.
  • The family seems to have had its origin in Erigal in the Tumkur district, situated in the border between Pallava and Kadamba regions.

Dhananjaya is described as Erigal-mutturaju and as ruling Renadu.

  • He too bears the title Erikal-mutturaju.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The inscription was found engraved on a dolomite slab and shale excavated from a farmer’s field.

  • Dolomite is a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of calcium magnesium carbonate.
  • Shale or mudstone is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that forms from the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles.
     SOURCES:DownToEarth | 1st Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

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