20th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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20th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Little minds are tamed and subdued by misfortune; but great minds rise above it.” –Washington Irving

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Sixth Schedule

      HEADLINES:

Involving indigenous people in environmental governance — the Sixth Schedule way

      WHY IN NEWS:

Customary practices of the North East’s tribal population are harmonious with nature.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 2 : Tribes : Sixth Schedule

      ISSUE: 

Extensive recognition and conferment of rights over the forest are belated legislative actions

SIXTH SCHEDULE

  • In most indigenous societies, people believe humans and nature are deeply connected and inter-dependent, almost like kin to one another.

Indigenous people across the world have often been regarded as exemplars of environmentally sustainable living.

  • The impact of their subsistence livelihoods was apparently kept in check by customary laws to ensure they lived by the laws of nature.
  •  These communities are the repositories of traditional knowledge and experience, could learn a great deal from their traditional skills in sustainably managing very complex ecological systems.-UN
  • A part of the Constitution of India also recognised this bond between indigenous people, their land and customary rights.

The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution is unique because it confers autonomy and right to self-governance to indigenous people living in parts of north-eastern India.

THE SIXTH SCHEDULE

  • Provisions over the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura are contained in the Sixth Schedule.
  • It provides for the establishment of autonomous district and regional councils.

Each of these states have a couple of such councils, except Tripura which has one.

  • These autonomous district and regional councils have their members elected from the local tribal population of their respective regions.
  • In addition to the elected members, a few are nominated by the governors.
  • The district and regional councils almost function as autonomous states with significant executive, legislative and judicial powers.

POWER OF COUNCIL

  • The councils have powers to legislate over several matters including land use, management of forests (except reserved forests and sanctuaries), inheritance, tribal customs, marriages, personal laws, appointment and succession of headmen, etc.

They also possess judicial powers and can constitute village courts and district council courts.

  • Such courts are common in these areas and often adjudicate matters according to customary laws and practices.
  • The councils have their own laws and regulations over the management of forests.

A FEW SUCH LEGISLATIONS INCLUDE

  • The Mizoram Forest Act, 1955
  • The Karbi Anglong Forests Act, 1957
  • The United Khasi-Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Act, 1958 and its subsequent rules of 1960

DISTRICT COUNCIL FOREST LAWS

  • The primary objective of the aforementioned law is the control and management of forests in the autonomous district council areas of Meghalaya’s Khasi and Jaintia Hills.
  • Deriving from local customary laws, this legislation classifies forests under the autonomous district council into eight different categories.

These categories include private forests, sacred forests, green blocks, village forests, district council-reserved forests and so on.   

  • The management of these forests exclusively lies in the hands of the local communities, apart from the categorisation.

EXAMPLE : SACRED FORESTS

  • These are forests set apart on religious purpose and hitherto managed or controlled by the Lyngdoh or other person or persons to whom the religious ceremonies for the particular locality or village .
  • In Assam’s Karbi Anglong district, the Karbi Anglong Forests Act, 1957 does not confer rights to communities over control and management of forests, unlike Meghalaya.

Rights over forests lie exclusively in the hands of the district council.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

THE ROAD AHEAD

  • The customary practices of the North East’s tribal population are harmonious with nature.
  • Extensive recognition and conferment of rights over the forest are, thus, belated legislative actions.
  • Despite its few shortcomings, the Sixth Schedule holds the potential to redefine community engagement and restore forest management .
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 20th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Tribes India On Wheels

      HEADLINES:

Shri Arjun Munda flags off ‘Tribes India On Wheels’ Mobile Vans via Video Conference in 31 Cities across the Country

      WHY IN NEWS:

HOT from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Tribal Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : TRIBES : SCHEMES

      ISSUE: 

57 mobile vans were flagged off in the cities like Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Bangalore, etc

  • This novel initiative by TRIFED ensures that one doesn’t even have to step out to shop for organic, essential natural immunity-boosting products .
  • Thus, adopt a sustainable and wholesome way of living.

20th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Mobile Vans, TRIFED is now taking these goods directly to the customer in various localities, and offering the same discounts.

All the sales proceeds will directly go to the tribals and help in sustaining their income and livelihoods.

  • This initiative will help tribals living in rural areas.
  • These mobile vans will bring the natural and immunity-boosting tribal produce .

EXAMPLE
Organic haldi, dry amla, wild honey, black pepper, ragi, triphala and white beans directly to the doorstep of customers over the next few months.

  • TRIFED is also tying up with business partners for accelerating the sales of products.
  • Tribes India on Wheels is yet another creative effort by the team of TRIFED Warriors as they continue to strive towards tribal upliftment.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Adapting ‘Go Vocal for Local’, a mantra in these troubled times, into ‘Go Vocal for Local Go Tribal’,.
  • TRIFED has been striving to ameliorate the condition of the distressed and affected tribal people.
  • The Tribes India E-Mart platform will be an omni-channel facility for tribals to sell their goods to a large national and international audience .
  • TRIFED is in the process of onboarding approximately 5 lakh tribal producers across the country and sourcing their natural produce and handcrafted goods.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 20th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

‘eSanjeevani’ Telemedicine Service

      HEADLINES:

A big win for Digital India: Health Ministry’s ‘eSanjeevani’ telemedicine service records 2 lakh tele-consultations

      WHY IN NEWS:

The ‘eSanjeevani’ digital platform of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has completed 2 lakh tele-consultations.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Digital India

      CONTEXT: 

eSanjeevani  platform has proved its usefulness and easy access for the caregivers and the medical community

eSANJEEVANI PLATFORM

  • eSanjeevani platform has enabled two types of telemedicine services viz.
  • DOCTOR-TO-DOCTOR (eSanjeevani)
  • PATIENT-TO-DOCTOR (eSanjeevani OPD) .
  • The former is being implemented under the Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centre (AB-HWC).

LAUNCH

The Health Ministry rolled out the second tele-consultation service ‘eSanjeevaniOPD’ enabling patient-to-doctor telemedicine owing to the COVID-19 pandemic in April 2020.

AIM

It aims to implement tele-consultation in all the 1.5 lakh Health and Wellness Centres . 

  • The initiative is in conjunction with identified Medical College hospitals in a ‘Hub and Spoke’ model.
  • States have identified and set up dedicated ‘Hubs’ in Medical Colleges .
  • Medical Colleges and District hospitals are to provide tele-consultation services to ‘Spokes’, i.e SHCs, PHCs and HWCs.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • eSanjeevani has been implemented so far by 23 States and other States are in the process of rolling it out.
  • Andhra Pradesh leads in having the most HWC-medical college interactions with 25,478 consultations .
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 20th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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