20th July | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 | 20th July 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“The road to success and the road to failure are almost exactly the same.” –Colin R. Davis

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

30% Syllabus Reduction ?

      HEADLINES:

Who draws up the Central Board of Secondary Education syllabus?

      WHY IN NEWS:

What is the reason for a 30% syllabus reduction this year? How will it impact learning?

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Education

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS you will learn what are the pros and cons of increasing or decreasing syllabus of a curriculum . Hope so UPSC does not shock us by decreasing syllabus for CSE !

      ISSUE: 

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has decided to cut down its 2020-21 syllabus by 30%, for students from Classes 9-12.

WHY DOES IT MATTER?

  • CONCEPTS JUMPED : Sciences and mathematics teachers are worried that the topics removed are foundational in order to understand concepts that will be covered in the following academic year.
  • PUBLIC CONCERNS : The wider public concern has revolved around social sciences, history, political science and other humanities subjects.
  • OMISSION : Omission of topics such as federalism, citizenship, nationalism, secularism, democracy, and diversity, as well as analysis of recent economic policies such as demonetisation are of grave concern.

WHAT WAS THE RATIONALE?

  • ACADEMIA RESPONSE : There was a demand that with this much content in the provided time they can’t complete the syllabus.

CBSE has already been promoting competency-based education and experiential learning, instead of content-based learning dependent on memorising facts.   

  • FOCUS : Teachers will be giving more focus on concepts, rather than the content.

HOW IS THE CURRICULUM COMPILED?

The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is responsible for developing the National Curriculum Framework that all school systems across the country follow.
 

  • PRINTING : It also prints textbooks based on its syllabus each year, which are used in all CBSE schools.
  • THE COMMITTEE : The CBSE course committees, each with about six to seven members, comprises school teachers as well as university professors.
  • TIME : They meet every year to deliberate on changes and updates, and recommend a revised syllabus by February, before the new academic session begins.

The course committees are an independent group.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

THE IMPACT ON TEACHING PROCESS?

TIME CRUNCH

  • Teachers say that it is highly unlikely that topics which will not be tested in the examination will be taught in the classroom.
  • Mere focus on Class 11th issues lets enjoy schools administrations focussing more on the 12th Standard issue.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Transmission of Coronavirus across the Placenta

      HEADLINES:

Study finds evidence of vertical transmission of coronavirus across the placenta

      WHY IN NEWS:

Placenta, amniotic fluid and baby’s blood, nasopharyngeal and rectal samples tested positive

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health

      LEARNING: 

Article covers COVID-19 transmission from Mother to her baby . Let us understand the virus routes and vulnerable organs .

      ISSUE: 

From the mother’s blood, the virus causes placental infection and inflammation, gets into the neonate’s blood.

  • ROUTES : Transmission  through droplets and contact with contaminated surfaces seem to be the major routes of novel coronavirus spread.

A study has found evidence that confirms vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 virus from the mother to the foetus.

STUDIED BY

Study published recently in the journal CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal)

KEY OBSERVATIONS

  • INFECTION : The route of infection is through the womb (in utero) well before the onset of labour and delivery of the baby.
  • VERTICAL TRANSMISSION : Vertical transmission is a possible route but have not been able to provide strong evidence about the route of spread — transplacental or transcervical — of the virus from the mother to the child.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

CONFIRMING INFECTION

To confirm infection in the newborn  blood was collected and bronchoalveolar lavage samples soon after birth and tested them for the virus.

  • Both samples tested positive.

VIRAL LOAD VARIES

  • Viral load was much higher in placental tissue, than in amniotic fluid and maternal or neonatal blood.
  • In the case of the newborn, the nasopharyngeal sample collected on day three after birth had higher viral load, while the blood contained the least amount of the virus.

Transplacental transmission is indeed possible in the last weeks of pregnancy.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

CIPET-PPE kit

      HEADLINES:

CIPET gets accreditation by NABL for testing and Certification of PPE kit

      WHY IN NEWS:

Shri Gowda congratulates CIPET on this achievement

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Industry

      ISSUE: 

Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering & Technology (CIPET) has been accredited by National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) for Testing & Certification of PPE Kit.

20 July | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

PPE kit includes Gloves, Coverall, Face Shield & Goggles, and Triple Layer Medical masks etc in line with International Standards.

  • This is another achievement of CIPET in the fight against COVID- 19 Pandemic and a step forward towards ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’.
  • CIPET : IPT Centre  Bhubaneshwar, after developing facility of testing PPE kit had submitted an application to NABL for accreditation.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • This will build momentum for pioneering works to serve the people of the country and helping MSME to focus on Make in India.
  • CIPET has been taking up the R&D initiatives in the areas of Health Care as per WHO/ ISO guidelines.
SUGGESTED READING : https://www.cipet.gov.in/aboutus/index.php 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

COVID Protection System (COPS)

      HEADLINES:

CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur, unveils the COVID Protection System (COPS) for Workplace

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health : Make in India

      LEARNING: 

These equipments are important from PRELIMS aspect . Remember them for a long long time .

      ISSUE: 

CSIR-CMERI, Durgapur, unveiled the  COVID Protection System (COPS) for Workplace as a game-changer in the current Pandemic Scenario.

THE COPS FOR WORKPLACE INCLUDES

  • Contactless Solar Based Intelligent Mask Automated Dispensing Unit cum Thermal Scanner (IntelliMAST),
  • Touchless Faucet (TouF) and
  • 360° Car Flusher are now available for Technology Transfers and Product Orders.

The COPS is a conglomeration of the following technologies:

IntelliMAST

SOLAR BASED INTELLIGENT MASK AUTOMATED DISPENSING UNIT CUM THERMAL SCANNER (INTELLIMAST)

  • The Solar Based IntelliMAST is an Intelligent surveillance kiosk which identifies the body temperature and whether an individual is wearing Face Mask or not through customised Software solutions.
  • The information about an employee not wearing a Face Mask is provided to the Administration for Cashless delivery of the Mask and later deduction of the price from the Salary.
  • In this regard the system harnesses Internet-of-Things in a seamless manner.
  • The in-built Thermal Scanner detects probable rise in Body Temperature through forehead scanning and audio visual alert the Security Guards.
  • The IntelliMAST will help ensure safety of supervising staff and implementation of precautionary measure in any large organization.

IntelliMAST

The IntelliMAST will also facilitate Identity Card based Mask Dispensing & Attendance System.

  • This system uses Artificial Intelligence and Information Technology to give real-time results .
  • The IntelliMAST system is backed up by Solar Power for uninterrupted Power Supply during blackouts.
  • The power supply requirement of the IntelliMAST is 40-50 Watts sourced through a Hybrid combination of Solar Power & Electricity.

Facial Recognition based &ID Card based Attendance System will be incorporated into the system in the near future .

TouF

TOUCHLESS FAUCET (TOUF)

  • The Touchless Faucet (TouF) is being launched for households and Office Spaces.

The system dispenses Liquid Soap and Water from the same Faucet with a time-gap of 30 seconds.

  • The Faucet can be very easily mounted on top of any Wash-Basin and will be available in Plug and Play mode for very easy installation.
  • This System dispenses Water 30 seconds after dispensing Soap in a Touch-free Mechanism as per Local Government guidelines .
  • The technology has a power supply requirement of only 10 Watts.

CAR FLUSHER

360° CAR FLUSHER

  • The CSIR-CMERI developed 360° Car Flusher is a Sodium Hypochlorite Water Screen which uses specialised Nozzle Design to ensure that the Sanitizer Diffused Water is evenly spread over and under the Car Body/Wheels with adequate Water Force and coverage.
  • The Architecture of the 360° Car Flusher is based upon a Water Channel Frame with appropriate number of specialised Nozzles which can be customised and modified as per the specific requirements of any particular organisation.
  • The Water Channel Frame and Nozzle Design of the Flusher have been optimised to ensure Water Efficiency and reduce Water Wastage.
  • It requires 750 watts of power required to run a pump.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Aims is to support and align the Start-Ups and Entrepreneurs while developing its technologies to give boost to their aspirations and give them a platform to showcase their Innovative potential.
  • CSIR-CMERI is also focused upon developing products Made in India, which will consequently boost the Atma-Nirbhar Bharat flagship initiative of the Government of India.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

China has crossed its 1960 claims

      HEADLINES:

China has crossed its 1960 claims along the LAC

      WHY IN NEWS:

Records of 1960 boundary talks show PLA troops at Pangong Tso and Galwan Valley are now beyond Beijing’s own territorial claims

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2: IR

      ISSUE: 

China’s tent that it set up on the bend of the Galwan river, which sparked the violent face-off culminating in the death of 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of Chinese personnel on June 15, was also beyond China’s territorial claims, according to the 1960 records.

CLAIMS

  • The records contradict China’s current claims of where the Line of Actual Control (LAC) runs.
  • At the north bank of Pangong Tso, the PLA moved up to Finger 4 and prevented India from crossing Finger 4.
  • The Fingers refer to mountain spurs on the bank, and run from 1 to 8, west to east.
  • China now claims up to Finger 4, while India says the LAC is at Finger 8.

BORDER INTRUSION

China previously built a road to Finger 4 in 1999 and has dominated up to Finger 4, but since May has, for the first time, completely cut off India’s access to its LAC at Finger 8, effectively shifting the line 8 km west.

  • Following the four rounds of Corps Commander-level talks, the PLA has moved back from Finger 4 to 5.
  • While Indian troops also moved back further west to Finger 2, the base post in the area where the troops initiated their patrols.

MEA REPORT

  • The record is available in the “Report of the Officials of the Government of India and the People’s Republic of China on the Boundary Question”.

In the Galwan Valley, the 1960 line ran east of the bend of the Galwan river, called the Y-nallah, which was the site of the June 15 clash.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The clash took place following a dispute during the de-escalation process, triggered when the PLA put up a tent near the bend, and marked the worst violence on the border since 1967.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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