21st Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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21st Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Failure is the condiment that gives success its flavor.” –Truman Capote

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Owl conservation efforts

      HEADLINES:

Forest dept finds irregularities in non-profit’s owl conservation efforts

      WHY IN NEWS:

The owl conservation efforts of a non-profit at a core area inside Maharashtra’s Melghat Tiger Reserve came into question after a forest department enquiry found violations in the work they conducted.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Conservation of Biodiversity

      ISSUE: 

Wildlife Research and Conservation Society accused of violations including straying from the core area of conservation, banding owl species without permission

21st Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

The non-profit used methods to band the forest owlet that are stressful and harmful to the species. Photo: WRCS The non-profit used methods to band the forest owlet that are stressful and harmful to the species. Photo: WRCS
  • The forest department admitted violations of norms by the Wildlife Research and Conservation Society (WRCS).
  • The non-profit had sought permissions from the state forest department to tag owls in Maharashtra’s Melghat.

FOREST OWLET

  • Distribution and Population of Critically endangered Forest Owlet (Athene blewitti) in non-protected areas of East and West Melghat Forest Division, Maharashtra
  • The forest owlet is endemic to the forests of central India.

CONSERVATION STATUS

The species is listed as ‘endangered’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List since 2018   

  • The population estimated to be less than 1,000 mature individuals.
  • The species was thought to be extinct for over 100 years until it was rediscovered in 1997 .
  • Thus, then categorised as a Schedule-1 species under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, for protection.

VIOLATIONS

  • The non-profit, however, carried out the banding and re-banding of these species without permissions.
  • A July 10, 2019 permit issued by the chief wildlife warden was for radio tagging 42 numbers of Schedule-4 species, while a permit for non-scheduled birds was issued for until June 30.
  • The radio-tagging permit, thus, did not include the forest owlet for research.

COLOUR BANDING OWLS

  • Evidence showed more number of owls — than the permitted ones — were colour-banded.
  • More than 10 spotted owlets were banded against the approvals of seven granted by the department.

The map and areas from where the owls were captured also reveal the non-profit entered core areas, which is a violation.

  • Non-profit used an endoscope and methods — including using mice, chicks, gum and kerosene — to band and clean adhesive from owls.
  • These methods are stressful and harmful to the endangered species.
  • No technical expert was present while banding the owls.
  • Locals were roped in for the task.

Owls from most of the locations were severely disturbed due to banding and were never seen again.

  • Colour banding is a standard technique used all over the world for identifying individual birds.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The entire banding process should last only for 5-10 minutes, after which the owl should be released back to its habitat unharmed, according to protocol.
  • “The duration of the banding, however, exceeded the protocol time limit between 30 and 45 minutes, exposing the bird to stress for a longer period.
  • The forest owlet is strongly diurnal, which means it is active during the day and hunts in daylight.
  • WRCS, however, banded it during the night at many locations, further disturbing its behaviour and exposing it to stress and exhaustion.
     SOURCES:DownToEarth | 21st Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Labour Bureau

      HEADLINES:

Shri Santosh Gangwar launches Logo of Labour Bureau, says Data Base is very important in Policy making

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB!

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Labour & Employment
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Governance

      ISSUE: 

The official logo of Labour Bureau, an attached office of Ministry of Labour and Employment, was launched.

LABOUR BUREAU

  • Labour Bureau was established as a Directorate of Cost of Living at Shimla in the year 1941.
  • The Labour Bureau is a Apex National Level organization in the field of labour statistics.

It performs significant functions such as Labour Intelligence, Research, Monitoring/evaluation & training.

The mandate of Labour Bureau is to act as a storehouse of important economic indicators.

  • Consumer Price Index for Industrial worker
  • Agriculture & Rural Labour Numbers for Industrial
  • Agricultural and Rural Labourers
  • Wage rate indices and data on employment/ unemployment
  • Industrial relations
  • Socio-economic conditions in the organized and unorganized sector of industry etc.

OBJECTIVE

  • It conducts Family Budget Enquiries and compiling Cost of Living Index Numbers for important centers in the country on a uniform basis.

Labour Bureau is engaged in collection, compilation, analysis and dissemination of statistics on different facets of labour at All India level.

  • Government is working in providing employment, the accurate data becomes very crucial for this purpose.

NEW LOGO

  • The newly launched logo represents that Labour Bureau is a data based organization dealing in data related to workers and work.
  • The logo also represents the three goals that Labour Bureau .

Accuracy, Validity and Reliability.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Blue wheel is a cog wheel  representing work.
  • Choice of blue colour Signifies that we deal with blue collar workers.
  • The graph  has ups & downs because it captures ground reality.

A tricolored Graph, matching the colors of the National flag, along with wheat ears, signifying the fruit of rural agricultural labour.   

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 21st Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Microbes across the globe

      HEADLINES:

Microbes across the globe can survive on air alone: Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

Scientists discovered that microbes in Antarctica could live on air — by feeding off the hydrogen, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide to survive extreme conditions.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

The phenomenon was found to be restricted to Antarctica till 3 years ago

Robinson Ridge in the Windmill Islands, east Antarctica. This is the site where UNSW researchers first discovered air-eating bacteria. Photo: Belinda Ferrari / UNSW

  • The university researchers have now discovered that the phenomenon is global, and occurs in soils across the world’s three poles.

The findings essentially mean that microbes using trace gases (gases in the atmosphere other than nitrogen, oxygen and argon) as energy .

  • In areas of low photosynthetic capacity, atmospheric chemosynthesis helps microorganisms grow.

CHEMOSYNTHESIS
 It is the process through which bacteria or other living organisms derive energy from reactions involving inorganic chemicals  in the absence of sunlight.

  • The process is also called carbon fixation.
  • Through this method which inorganic carbon is converted to organic compounds by living organisms and stored as form of energy.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Atmospheric chemosynthesis are “abundantly and widely distributed in the polar soils of the Antarctic, Arctic and Tibetan Plateau in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas”.
  • These bacteria have adapted to survive and have the ability to use trace gases to live, their environment has selected them to become significant contributors to their ecosystems.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 21st Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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