IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 23rd Oct 2020
You can conquer almost any fear if you will only make up your mind to do so. For remember, fear doesn’t exist anywhere except in the mind.– Dale Carnegie
EDITORIAL HUNT #204 :“2+2 Ministerial Forum and an Indian Perspective | UPSC”
2+2 Ministerial Forum and an Indian Perspective | UPSC
Drive a harder bargain at the Delhi meet
At the 2+2 Ministerial forum, India must ensure that its gamble with Trump’s regime so close to the U.S. election pays off
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
2+2 Ministerial forum gives India an opportunity to take a larger public stand and sign off pending deals. Substantiate -(GS 2)
- Previous Meeting
- The Paris Accord
- Key Issues
- Pending Deals
- Way Forward
- LAST MEETING : In August 2016, then U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and India’s External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj had detailed discussions about the Paris Climate Change Agreement.
- COMMITMENTS : Part of the statement they issued included the U.S.’s [developed countries] commitment to mobilise $100 billion per year by 2020 as part of a Green Climate Fund (GCF) .
THEN, THE PARIS ACCORD PUSH
- PARIS AGREEMENT : The ratification of the Paris Agreement was then U.S. President Barack Obama’s legacy project, and Washington was pushing for India to join before election day in a bid to help Democrat nominee Hillary Clinton .
- EXIT FROM PARIS DEAL : Months later, on June 1, 2017 Donald Trump, announced that the U.S. would exit the Paris agreement, and also revoked U.S. promises towards the GCF, calling it “very unfair” .
- PROMISES FORGIVEN : “India makes its participation contingent on receiving billions of dollars in foreign aid from developed countries,” -Mr. Trump added, conveniently ignoring the fact that it was based on his predecessor’s promises that India had made its calculations.
THIS TIME, THE INDO-PACIFIC
- STRATEGIC COMMITMENT : This time, Mr. Pompeo is coming exactly a week before the election to ensure that New Delhi makes a strong, public, strategic commitment to the U.S. on its plans in the Indo-Pacific.
- USA ON QUAD PARTNERS : It is more critical now than ever that we collaborate to protect our people and partners from the Chinese Communist Party’s exploitation, corruption, and coercion.-Mr. Pompeo
- IN CONTRAST : India has maintained that its membership of the Quad is limited to its Indo-Pacific policy.
- CHANGING PRIORITIES : Beijing’s relentless aggression against India at the Line of Actual Control made PLA occupy for more than six months changing India’s priorities.
- DIPLOMATIC STANCE : Any shift in that position at the U.S.’s prompting must also accrue benefits for India.
- CHANGING DYNAMICS : It is by no means clear that Mr. Trump will win the presidential elections or that Mr. Pompeo will remain in that spot.
- TENUOUS POSITION : All presidential polls, as well as predictions for the U.S. electoral college point to a probable win for Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden.
CHINA AND INDIA’S THREE FRONTS
Therefore, it is critical to study just how India hopes to collaborate with the U.S. on the challenge that Beijing poses on each of India’s three fronts:
- At the LAC.
- In the maritime sphere.
- In the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) region surrounding India.
OTHER KEY ISSUES
- INDO PACIFIC REGION : On the maritime sphere, discussions will no doubt include strengthening ties in the Indo-Pacific.
- JOINT CO-OPERATION : Enhancing joint military exercises like the ‘Malabar’, where the entire Quad including Australia will participate next month in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
- PENDING AGREEMENTS : Completing the last of the “foundational agreements” with the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geospatial Cooperation (BECA).
OTHER KEY AREAS
- REORGANISING GSP STATUS : USA should be pushed on resolving trade issues with India and perhaps commit to restoring India’s Generalised System of Preferences status for exporters.
- ONGOING DEALS : The government could press for more cooperation on 5G technology sharing.
- ASSURANCES : New Delhi should take an assurance that its S-400 missile system purchase from Russia will not invite U.S.’s Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) sanctions.
Our leaders must drive a harder bargain to consolidate the pay-offs from the visit.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | 2+2 Ministerial Forum and an Indian Perspective | UPSC