2+2 Ministerial Forum and an Indian Perspective | UPSC

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 23rd Oct 2020

You can conquer almost any fear if you will only make up your mind to do so. For remember, fear doesn’t exist anywhere except in the mind.– Dale Carnegie

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #204 :“2+2 Ministerial Forum and an Indian Perspective | UPSC

2+2 Ministerial Forum and an Indian Perspective | UPSC

SUHASINI.H

2+2 Ministerial Forum and an Indian Perspective | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Drive a harder bargain at the Delhi meet

      CENTRAL THEME:

At the 2+2 Ministerial forum, India must ensure that its gamble with Trump’s regime so close to the U.S. election pays off

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      MAINS QUESTION:

2+2 Ministerial forum gives India an opportunity to take a larger public stand and sign off pending deals. Substantiate -(GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • Previous Meeting
  • The Paris Accord
  • Key Issues
  • Pending Deals
  • Way Forward

      INTRODUCTION: 

  • LAST MEETING : In August 2016, then U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and India’s External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj had detailed discussions about the Paris Climate Change Agreement.

The U.S. urging India to sign Paris Climate Change Agreement at the earliest.

  • COMMITMENTS : Part of the statement they issued included the U.S.’s [developed countries] commitment to mobilise $100 billion per year by 2020 as part of a Green Climate Fund (GCF) .

GCF
GCF is to help developing countries such as India with climate adaptation methods and renewable technologies.

      BODY: 

THEN, THE PARIS ACCORD PUSH

  • PARIS AGREEMENT  : The ratification of the Paris Agreement was then U.S. President Barack Obama’s legacy project, and Washington was pushing for India to join before election day in a bid to help Democrat nominee Hillary Clinton .

India ratified the UN climate protocol on October 2, to mark Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday.The elections were on November 8th.

  • EXIT FROM PARIS DEAL : Months later, on June 1, 2017 Donald Trump, announced that the U.S. would exit the Paris agreement, and also revoked U.S. promises towards the GCF, calling it “very unfair” .
  • PROMISES FORGIVEN : “India makes its participation contingent on receiving billions of dollars in foreign aid from developed countries,” -Mr. Trump added, conveniently ignoring the fact that it was based on his predecessor’s promises that India had made its calculations.

THIS TIME, THE INDO-PACIFIC

  • STRATEGIC COMMITMENT : This time, Mr. Pompeo is coming exactly a week before the election to ensure that New Delhi makes a strong, public, strategic commitment to the U.S. on its plans in the Indo-Pacific.
  • USA ON QUAD PARTNERS : It is more critical now than ever that we collaborate to protect our people and partners from the Chinese Communist Party’s exploitation, corruption, and coercion.-Mr. Pompeo
  • IN CONTRAST : India has maintained that its membership of the Quad is limited to its Indo-Pacific policy.

New Delhi in Shangri-La dialogue, in June 2018 stated – “by no means… directed against any country”.

  • CHANGING PRIORITIES : Beijing’s relentless aggression against India at the Line of Actual Control made PLA occupy for more than six months changing India’s priorities.
  • DIPLOMATIC STANCE : Any shift in that position at the U.S.’s prompting must also accrue benefits for India.

ELECTORAL CALCULATIONS

  • CHANGING DYNAMICS : It is by no means clear that Mr. Trump will win the presidential elections or that Mr. Pompeo will remain in that spot.
  • TENUOUS POSITION : All presidential polls, as well as predictions for the U.S. electoral college point to a probable win for Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden.

Even if Mr. Trump does win the election, it remains to be seen how far he will take ties with China to the brink once he dusts off his campaign rhetoric.

CHINA AND INDIA’S THREE FRONTS

China has gone from being the “Elephant in the Room” to becoming an agenda item on the table.

Therefore, it is critical to study just how India hopes to collaborate with the U.S. on the challenge that Beijing poses on each of India’s three fronts:

  • At the LAC.
  • In the maritime sphere.
  • In the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) region surrounding India.

OTHER KEY ISSUES

  • INDO PACIFIC REGION : On the maritime sphere, discussions will no doubt include strengthening ties in the Indo-Pacific.

A firm U.S. statement in this regard may also disperse the pressure the Indian military faces in planning for a “two-front” conflict with China.

  • JOINT CO-OPERATION : Enhancing joint military exercises like the ‘Malabar’, where the entire Quad including Australia will participate next month in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
  • PENDING AGREEMENTS : Completing the last of the “foundational agreements” with the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geospatial Cooperation (BECA).

      IASbhai Windup: 

OTHER KEY AREAS

  • REORGANISING GSP STATUS : USA should be pushed on resolving trade issues with India and perhaps commit to restoring India’s Generalised System of Preferences status for exporters.
  • ONGOING DEALS : The government could press for more cooperation on 5G technology sharing.
  • ASSURANCES : New Delhi should take an assurance that its S-400 missile system purchase from Russia will not invite  U.S.’s Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) sanctions.

Our leaders must drive a harder bargain to consolidate the pay-offs from the visit.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | 2+2 Ministerial Forum and an Indian Perspective | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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