24th June 2020 | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS| PRELIMS & MAINS|

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Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 24th June 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Don’t raise your voice, improve your argument.” –Anonymous

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

Herbal Tea

      HEADLINES:

Immunity booster Herbal Tea from NIPER Mohali

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB!

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:3: Ayurveda : Health

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS we have covered an interim part of RASAYANA in brief . Pay a high amount of attention to such topics .

      ISSUE: 

National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPERs) have introduced many   innovative products like  safety devices, sanitizers and masks  to fight COVID epidemic.  

  • Immunity booster Herbal Tea to strengthen physical resistance to infection.
  • This Herbal Tea is aimed at modulating immune response in body so that it may be used as a preventive remedy against covid-19 viral infection.

Herbal Tea from NIPER

A STRONG IMMUNE SYSTEM PROTECTS INDIVIDUALS FROM :

  • Neutralize and eliminate pathogenic micro-organism such as bacteria,
  • Viruses and any other kind of toxic products,
  • Modulation of immune response could provide a substitute for anti-viral/anti-microbial drugs,
  • Herbs are known to possess immunomodulatory properties which mean that they produce both specific and nonspecific immune responses.

THIS HERBAL TEA IS A  COMBINATION OF LOCAL HERBS :

  • Aswagandha,
  • Giloe,
  • Mulethi,
  • Tulsi and
  • Green Tea that are mixed in carefully selected proportion keeping in mind their action as immunity enhancer, sensory appeal, ease of preparation and acceptable palatability.

  The selection of Herbs was based on RASAYANA concept described in Ayurveda.

RASAYANA 

  Rasayana means rejuvenation.

CONCEPT : Rasayana is one of the eight major disciplines of Ashtanga Ayurveda which deals with ‘Vayah Sthapana’ (which delays ageing process) that :

  1. Prolongs longevity of life,
  2. Positive physical and mental health,
  3. Develops resistance ,
  4. Immunity in the body to counteract the diseases and also helps in alleviating the senility
  5. Maintains youthfulness for a long time.

The famous verse from Atharwaveda “Jivema sharadah shatam” is also emphasizing the healthful longevity of Rasayana.

BENEFITS OF RASAYANA:

  • Prevents graying of hair and hair fall
  • Prevents wrinkling of skin
  • Prevents ageing and diseases
  • Maintains young age & body growth
  • Maintains eyesight
  • Vigor and vitality.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The formula has been designed in a way to achieve maximum immune boosting effect.
  • This tea can be taken 3 times a day .
  • It is also safe for  children and aged persons.
SUGGESTED READING : http://ccras.nic.in/node/1062#:~:text=Rasayana%20is%20one%20of%20the,also%20helps%20in%20alleviating%20the 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Turant Customs

      HEADLINES:

CBIC Enables End to End Paperless Exports under Turant Customs

      WHY IN NEWS:

Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) here yesterday unveiled a Secure QR coded Shipping Bill that would be electronically sent to exporters after the Customs allows export.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Finance
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Finance : CBIC

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS take a note on aim and significance of this initiative .

For MAINS do you think going paperless in customs and excise duty could give birth to more tax breaches and infringements ?

      CONTEXT: 

This eliminates in one stroke the requirement of the exporters having to approach the Customs officers for proof of export.

TURANT CUSTOMS

AIM :

  • CBIC is fulfilling its commitment to a Faceless, Paperless, and Contactless Customs under the umbrella of its “Turant Customs” programme.
  • This also makes the end to end Customs export process fully electronic, from the filing of the Shipping Bill to the final order to allow export.

IMPLEMENTATION :

  • The launch of paperless documentation on exports is a sequel to a similar initiative that was begun for imports w.e.f. 15th April 2020.

  Turant Customs, which has as its main component Faceless Assessment, would be implemented in phases across the entire country by 1st January 2021.

SIGNIFICANCE :

  • These reforms are based on enhanced use of digital technology to reduce the time and costs for the importers, exporters and other stakeholders.

  Thereby improving India’s ranking in the World Bank’s Trading Across Borders parameter of its Doing Business Report.

  • The electronic transmission of the Shipping Bill would do away with the present requirement to take paper printout of these documents thereby promoting Green Customs.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Exporters would not have to visit the Customs Houses for this purpose and can better utilize their time in promoting their business.
  • The essence of this programme revolves around leverage technology to make the Customs clearance process more transparent and faster.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Ancient algae : Coccolithophores

      HEADLINES:

Ancient algae play a role in building a healthy marine ecosystem: Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

Climate change is a major reason for the development, according to study

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Ecology : Biome

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS this could be a new word in your Prelims dictionary . Note the key takeaway points .

For MAINS nothing much here .

      ISSUE: 

A study of a microscopic ancient marine algae (Coccolithophores) led by the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) has found that there is a decrease in the concentration of oceanic calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the southern Indian ocean.  

Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) image of Coccolithopores. Photo: India Science Wire

Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) image of Coccolithopores. Photo: India Science Wire Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) image of Coccolithopores.

COCCOLITHOPHORES :

Coccolithophores are single-celled algae living in the upper layers of the world’s oceans.

  • This decrease in CaCOis attributed to the increase in the concentration of another single-celled algae known as diatoms.
  • This, in turn, will affect the growth and skeleton structure of coccolithophores, with potential significance for the world ocean ecosystem.

IMPORTANCE OF COCCOLITHOPHORES :

  • They have been playing a key role in marine ecosystems and the global carbon cycle for millions of years.
  • Coccolithophores calcify marine phytoplankton that produces up to 40 per cent of open ocean calcium carbonate .

They are responsible for 20 per cent of the global net marine primary productivity.

  • Coccolithophores build exoskeletons from individual CaCO3 plates consisting of chalk and seashells building the tiny plates on their exterior.

PRINICIPLE
The carbon dioxide is produced during the formation of these plates, coccolithophores help in removing it from the atmosphere and ocean by consuming it during photosynthesis.

  • At equilibrium, coccolithophores absorb more carbon dioxide than they produce, which is beneficial for the ocean ecosystem.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Scientists found that the biogeographic boundaries of coccolithophores in the southern Indian Ocean are highly variable, controlled by environmental factors in early and mid-austral summer, and grazing pressure in late austral summer.
  • The results of the study point to climate change as a major reason for the altered coccolithophore calcification rate.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

PM CARES finances ventilators

      HEADLINES:

PM CARES finances ventilators

      WHY IN NEWS:

Fund has allocated ₹2,000 crore for 50,000 ‘Made-in-India’ machines: govt.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : 3: Funds : Health

      ISSUE: 

The PM CARES Fund Trust has allocated ₹2,000 crore for the supply of 50,000 “Made-in-India” ventilators to government-run COVID-19 hospitals in all States and Union Territories. Further, ₹1,000 crore has been allocated for the welfare of migrant labourers.

  The Indian companies involved in manufacturing the ventilators include Bharat Electronics Ltd., AgVa Healthcare and AMTZ Basic.

  • “So far 2,923 ventilators have been manufactured of which 1,340 have already been delivered to the States/UTs,” .
  • The prominent recipients include Maharashtra (275), Delhi (275), Gujarat (175), Bihar (100), Karnataka (90) and Rajasthan (75).
  • By month-end, 14,000 more will be delivered to cover all States and Union Territories.

  The distribution of the fund is based on the formula of 50% weightage for the population as per the 2011 Census, 40% weightage for the number of positive COVID-19 cases and 10% for equal distribution among all the States/UTs.

  • “This assistance is to be used for arranging accommodation, food, medical treatment and transportation of the migrants.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The main recipients of the grant are Maharashtra (₹181 crore), Uttar Pradesh (₹103 cr.), Tamil Nadu (₹83 cr.), Gujarat (₹66 cr.), Delhi (₹55 cr.), West Bengal (₹53 cr.), Bihar (₹51 cr.), Madhya Pradesh (₹50 cr.), Rajasthan (₹50 cr.) and Karnataka (₹34 cr.)

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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