24th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts. – Winston Churchill

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

24th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Plastic Parks

      HEADLINES:

To consolidate and synergize the plastic processing industry Government is setting up Plastic Parks with state-of-the-art infrastructure: Gowda

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Scheme

      ISSUE: 

Government has come up with a scheme of Setting up of Plastic Parks with an  state-of-the-art infrastructure through cluster development approach.

PLASTIC PARKS

Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals has approved setting up of 10 Plastic Parks in the country.

AIM

The aim is to consolidate and synergize the capacities of the domestic downstream plastic processing industry.

OUTLAY

  • Central Government provides grant funding up to 50% of the project cost.
  • This is subjected to a ceiling of Rs. 40 crore per project.

The remaining project cost is to be funded by the State Government.

  • Beneficiary industries can also avail loan from financial institutions.

LOCATION

Out of which 6 parks have been given final approval in the States of Assam, Madhya Pradesh (two parks),Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Jharkhand.

  • These 6 Plastic Parks are under various stages of implementation.

DETAILS OF THE 6 PLASTIC PARKS

1. MADHYA PRADESH : Plastic Park at Tamot has completed physical infrastructure and purchase of equipment for common facility centers (CFC) is in progress.

2. MADHYA PRADESH : Plastic Park at Bilaua is at implementation stage and work of development of physical infrastructure is in progress.

3. ODISHA : Plastic Park at Paradeep is at implementation stage and work of development of physical infrastructure is almost completed.

4. JHARKHAND : Plastic Park at Deoghar is at implementation stage and work of development of physical infrastructure is in progress.

5. TAMIL NADU : The work at Plastic Park at Thiruvallur has started recently and   land filling on the site is in progress.

6. ASSAM : Plastic Park at Tinsukia is at implementation stage and work of development of physical infrastructure is in progress.

TRAINING

  • The Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering and Technology (CIPET) has established a Centre for Skilling and Technical Support (CSTS) at Vijayawada in  Andhra Pradesh.

It provides Diploma and Post Graduate Diploma programmes.

  • The centre also has skill development training programmes in the field of Plastics Engineering & Technology.
  • The Centre is also providing technical/consultancy services to the plastic industries in the field of plastics processing, testing,composites and mould manufacturing, design etc.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

For the setting up of remaining 4 Plastic Parks, the Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) for setting up of Plastic Parks in the States of Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh are under evaluation.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 24th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

CAG on Toilets in School

      HEADLINES:

40% of toilets surveyed by CAG in government schools non-existent, unused

      WHY IN NEWS:

Over 1.4 lakh toilets were built by 53 CPSEs, with key support coming from power, coal and oil firms

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : CAG

      ISSUE: 

40% of those toilets surveyed by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) were found to be non-existent, partially constructed, or unused.

CAG AUDIT ANALYSIS

  • Public sector units claimed to have constructed 1.4 lakh toilets in government schools as part of a Right to Education project, but almost
  • The CAG said over 70% did not have running water facilities in the toilets, while 75% were not being maintained hygienically.

The Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan was launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development in September 2014 . 

  • It was to meet the Right to Education Act’s mandate that all schools must have separate toilets for boys and girls.
  • Lack of dedicated funds, poor maintenance and poor water availability in toilets were identified as major challenges.
  • Central public sector enterprises (CPSEs) were roped in to bridge the gap over a one year period.
  • There are 10.8 lakh government schools in the country.

Overall, more than 1.4 lakh toilets were built by 53 CPSEs, with significant support coming from power, coal and oil companies.

  • The CAG audit conducted a physical survey of a sample of 2,695 toilets built by these companies in 15 States.
  • Out of that sample, CPSEs identified but did not construct 83.
  • Another 200 toilets were reported to be constructed, but were non-existent, while 86 toilets were only partially constructed.
  • Another 691 toilets were found not in use.
  • Thus, almost 40% of toilets were non-existent, partially completed or unused.

Out of the 1,967 coeducational schools surveyed, 99 schools had no functional toilets.

  • While 436 had only one functional toilet, meaning that the objective of providing separate toilets for boys and girls was not fulfilled in 27% of the schools.
  • 72% of constructed toilets had no running water facilities inside, while 55% had no hand washing facilities at all.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The audit also noticed “cases of defective construction of toilets, non-provision of foundation/ramp/staircase and damaged/overflowed leach pit, which led to ineffective use of toilets,”.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 24th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

G4 Meeting

      HEADLINES:

G4 seeks concrete, text-based, time bound reform of UN Security Council

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Ministers reaffirmed their common resolve to “finally take decisive steps towards the early and comprehensive reform of the Security Council that was envisaged by Heads of State and Government in the 2005 World Summit,” as per a joint press statement released by MEA.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Summit

      ISSUE: 

External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar participates virtually in the G4 Foreign Ministers Meeting

G4 NATIONS

  • The G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan .

AIM

The four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.

WORKING

  • Unlike the G7, where the common denominator is the economy and long-term political motives, the G4’s primary aim is the permanent member seats on the Security Council.

Each of these four countries have figured among the elected non-permanent members of the council since the UN’s establishment. 
 

  • Their economic and political influence has grown significantly in the last decades, reaching a scope comparable to the permanent members (P5).
  • The G4’s bids are often opposed by the Uniting for Consensus movement, and particularly their economic competitors or political rivals.

G4 MEETING

  • The Ministers reaffirmed their common resolve to “finally take decisive steps towards the early and comprehensive reform of the Security Council .

The G4 will work with “other reform-minded countries and groups” to start text-based negotiations (TBN) without delay and seek “concrete outcomes” during the 75th session of the UN General Assembly.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • India is a proponent of text-based negotiations at the UN.
  • Those more normally resistant to UNSC reform — including China – are hesitant to have TBN for inter-governmental negotiations on the grounds that the matter is too sensitive for text.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 24th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

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