25th OCTOBER-DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS+PIB-IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB: 25th OCTOBER 2019


Kartarpur pact

       HEADLINE:  

India, Pakistan sign Kartarpur pact

       WHY IN NEWS?  

It will facilitate Indian pilgrims to visit Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 2: IR

       LEARNING:  

For PRELIMS you need to concentrate on Geographical importance of the corridor and go through map with more clarity.

For MAINS you have to fetch an extra pointer for INDIA-PAKISTAN relations.

       ISSUE: 

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PIC:Officials of India and Pakistan after signing an agreement on the Kartarpur Corridor in Gurdaspur on Thursday.

  • The agreement is valid initially for five years. India will hand over the list of pilgrims to Pakistan 10 days in advance and those granted permission to go may be informed only four days before the proposed date of travel.
  • The corridor is being built to connect Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur with Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Kartarpur, the final resting place of Sikhism founder Guru Nanak, to commemorate his 550th birth anniversary celebrations on November 12.

Some Rules of pilgrimage:

  • The agreement said pilgrims would be allowed to carry a maximum of Rs. 11,000 and a 7-kg bag that could contain drinking water, and they would not be allowed to venture beyond the shrine. They would travel in the morning and return the same day.
  • According to the “do’s and don’ts” issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), children below 13 years and persons of about 75 years and above will have to travel in groups.
  • “Eco-friendly material, preferably cloth bags, should be used during the pilgrimage and the surroundings should be kept clean,” the agreement said.
  • “All pilgrims who propose to visit Sri Kartarpur Sahib in Narowal district of Pakistan, will have to necessarily register online at prakashpurb550.mha.gov.in. in advance and the applicant is required to register himself/herself in advance of proposed date of travel.
  • Registration does not confer a right to travel.”
  • “An Electronic Travel Authorization will also be generated that pilgrims need to carry along with their passport, when they arrive at the passenger terminal building [PTB],” the Ministry said.
  • Pilgrims would be allowed to carry kirpans (dagger), one of the five articles of faith worn by Sikhs. Pilgrims have been advised not to touch any unattended article and inform about anything suspicious to the authorities.
  • Playing loud music and taking photographs without permission would also be not allowed.

       IASbhai Windup:  

This is not the first instance when both the countries have initiated a programme.

Cross-border tourism, trade and movement may bring revenue as well economic changes further at the boundaries of both the countries.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 


Ease of doing business rankings

       HEADLINE:  

Civic bodies’ efforts better India’s World Bank ranking

       WHY IN NEWS?  

Ease of doing business rankings improved from 77 to 63

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 3:Indices and Reports

       LEARNING:  

For PRELIMS you need to concentrate on what basis this report has been calculated.

For MAINS you have to jot down some points which can be given as examples in any answer.

       ISSUE: 

Efforts to streamline issuance of construction permits by the municipal corporations of Delhi helped improve India’s position in the World Banks’ latest ease of doing business rankings, published on Thursday, where it put India in the 63rd position compared to 77 last year.

Construction permits are taken into account as the simplicity and transparency involved in getting them are key in allowing businesses to expand and build new and safe infrastructure, the report argues. With regard to rankings based on construction permits alone, the position of Delhi’s civic bodies improved from 52 to 27 this year.

What is EASE OF DOING BUSINESS?

Who calculates? – World bank

On what basis ?

The report is based on ten parameters:

Starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, and resolving insolvency.

Image

SOURCES:https://www.doingbusiness.org/en/about-us

  • Those economies that score well on Doing Business tend to benefit from higher levels of entrepreneurial activity and lower levels of corruption.
  • While economic reasons are the main drivers of reform, the advancement of neighboring economies provides an additional impetus for regulatory change.

       IASbhai Windup:  

By gathering and analysing comprehensive quantitative data to compare business regulation environments across economies and over time, Doing Business encourages economies to compete towards more efficient regulation; offers measurable benchmarks for reform; and serves as a resource for academics, journalists, private sector researchers and others interested in the business climate of each economy.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 


 

A.P. likely had a flourishing port

       HEADLINE:  

A.P. likely had a flourishing port 2,000 years ago

       WHY IN NEWS?  

ASI hopes to find more evidence in second round

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 1:History:Historical findings

       LEARNING:  

For PRELIMS you need to focus on what is the era they are talking about ?

For MAINS you to need to collect a relevant point like :Vishnu sculpture found at Gottiprolu dates back to the Pallava period could be a wonderful point if you are confronting a answer dealing with “PALLAVAS FAITH or SOCIETAL STRUCTURE”

       ISSUE: 

Surprises in store: The Vishnu sculpture found at Gottiprolu dates back to the Pallava period.

A maritime trade centre based out of a fortified settlement near the banks of the Swarnamukhi river in Andhra Pradesh’s Gottiprolu may have had a trade guild with its own army to protect its interests around 2,000 years ago, according to Archaeological Survey of India officials involved in the excavation of the site.

  • The first round of excavation at the site, which started in December last year and ended in September, unearthed a huge settlement surrounded by a brick enclosure that may have had a moat around it.
  • The excavation unearthed brick-built structures in elliptical, circular and rectangular shapes. The size of bricks (43 to 48 cm) can be compared to those in the Satavahana/Ikshvaku period structures in the Krishna valley, according to the ASI. This means the site may date back to 2nd century to 1st century BCE, it said.
  •  four-armed 2-metre tall sculpture of Vishnu was unearthed at the site that can be dated back to the Pallava period (8th Century CE), looking at its features like head gear and drapery, the ASI said.
  • The excavation also unearthed a series of broken terracotta pipes that fit into each other, pointing towards a form of drainage.
  • “This appears to be a trade centre in south coastal Andhra Pradesh. We have found evidence of its strategic location for trade.
  • Trade guilds used to control such centres and they used to have their own armies to protect their interests. In fact, kingdoms which had contacts with guilds, used to give them a role in administration.
  • We aren’t saying that there was a guild at this site, but we have got some evidence to point towards it,” 

       IASbhai Windup: 

Second round of excavations at the site that is near Naidupeta, about 80 km from Tirupati and Nellore, would start in November or December

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 


 

‘A judge cannot be suspected of bias’

       HEADLINE:  

‘A judge cannot be suspected of bias’

       WHY IN NEWS?  

Justice Mishra was pronouncing a verdict on pleas seeking his recusal

SYLLABUS COVERED: 
GS 2:Judicial apoointments

       LEARNING:  

For PRELIMS you need to concentrate on judges act.

For MAINS you have to look for what are the pros and cons of privacy breach on an individual.

       ISSUE: 

A judge need not recuse himself from a larger Bench scrutinising the correctness of his own past judgment, a Constitution Bench held in a verdict published on Thursday.

  • “No litigant can choose who should be on the Bench. He cannot say that a judge who might have decided a case on a particular issue, which may go against his interest, should not hear his case as part of a larger Bench,” Justice Arun Mishra wrote in the leading judgment for the Bench.
  • “Rendering a decision on any issue of law cannot be a ground for recusal of a judge; otherwise, no judge can hear a review, curative petition or a reference made to the larger Bench,”
  • Justice Mishra said his recusal would have been a “grave blunder”. “The ultimate test is for the judge to decide and to find out whether he will be able to deliver impartial justice to a cause with integrity and with whatever intellectual capacity at his command... In case the answer is that he will be able to deliver justice to the cause, he cannot and must not recuse from any case as the duty assigned by the Constitution has to be performed as per the oath and there lies the larger public interest. He cannot shake the faith that the common man reposes in the judiciary as it is the last hope for them.”

       IASbhai Windup:  

“Previous judgment cannot constitute bias or pre-disposition or raise reasonable apprehension of bias.”

“A judgment is not a halting place, it is a stepping stone. It is not like a holy book which cannot be amended or corrected,” -JUSTICE ARUN MISRA

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 


PRELIMS SNIPPETS

“Akashvani Samachar Bharati’

       HEADLINE:  

Remembering Bapu : “Akashvani Samachar Bharati’ dedicated to 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, released by All India Radio News

       WHY IN NEWS?  

Nation celebrates 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi & News Services Division (NSD) of All India Radio continues to remind people of the lofty ideals and basic values of humanity by the Father of the Nation.

       FACTS

Which ministry?

Ministry of Information & Broadcasting

Dedicated to ?

It is dedicated to the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma and his thoughts of sewa(social service), samarpan(personal sacrifice), swadeshi (indigenous), swavalamban(self sufficiency), sahyog( cooperation), and swachhata (cleanliness). 

       SOURCES:   PIB


Vigilance Awareness Week

       HEADLINE:  

Vigilance Awareness Week to be observed from 28th October to 2nd November

       WHY IN NEWS?  

The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) observes the Vigilance Awareness Week from 28th October to 2nd November, 2019. This is observed every year during the week in which the birthday of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (31st October) falls. This awareness week campaign affirms our commitment to promotion of integrity and probity in public life through citizen participation.

       FACTS

Which Ministry ? 

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions

Theme of the Vigilance Awareness Week: “Integrity- A way of life

Why we celebrate this?

Integrity and Ethics form the foundational pillars of a nation and national development takes place when individuals and organizations are committed to integrity as a core value. Combating corruption is not just a matter of making laws and creating institutions, but is deeply rooted in human values and morals of individuals. Cultivating ethical values is essential for building a New India.

The Commission believes that this theme would help draw the attention of all sections of society especially the youth to the significance of ethical conduct in the building of an honest, non discriminatory and corruption free society.

       SOURCES:   PIB


Plastic engineering

       HEADLINE:  

Plastic engineering centre opens in A.P.

       WHY IN NEWS?  

The Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology-Centre for Skilling and Technical Support (CIPET-CSTS) was inaugurated by Union Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers D.V. Sadananda Gowda in the city on Thursday.

       FACTS

  • The CIPET-CSTS in the city was established at a cost of ₹50.72 crore, with funding from both the Central and the State governments on a 50:50 basis.
  • “Close to 65% of the Indian population is under 30 years of age. If we channel their potential in the right manner, India can become one of the greatest countries in the world. This is one area where the youth have a vast scope to benefit from this programme, thereby contributing innovative ideas for the progress of the nation,”
  • Institute to offer PG, diploma courses

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU

 



 


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