25th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

Someone else’s success does not equal a failure for you.– Joe Rogan

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

25th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Artemis Lunar Exploration Program

      HEADLINES:

Artemis Lunar Exploration Program

      WHY IN NEWS:

Recently, the NASA has published the outline for its Artemis Lunar Exploration Program.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Space

      ISSUE: 

The Artemis Lunar Exploration Program is aimed at sending the next man and the first woman to the lunar surface by the year 2024.

ARTEMIS LUNAR EXPLORATION PROGRAM

The Artemis Program is divided into three categories:

  • Artemis I involve an un-crewed flight to test the SLS and Orion spacecraft and is targetted for 2021.
  • Artemis II will be the first crewed flight test and is targetted for 2023.
  • Artemis III will land astronauts on the Moon’s South Pole in 2024.

FEATURES

  • NASA’s new rocket called SLS will send astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft a quarter of a million miles away from Earth to the lunar orbit.

The astronauts going for the Artemis program will wear newly designed spacesuits, called Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU).

  • The spacesuits feature advanced mobility and communications and interchangeable parts that can be configured for spacewalks in microgravity or on a planetary surface.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

With the Artemis program, NASA wishes to demonstrate new technologies, capabilities and business approaches that will ultimately be needed for the future exploration of Mars.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 25th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

SAARC must deal with terrorism

      HEADLINES:

SAARC must deal with terrorism, obstruction in trade and connectivity: Jaishankar

      WHY IN NEWS:

Jaishankar reaffirmed India’s commitment to its ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy and towards building a connected, integrated and prosperous South Asia.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      ISSUE: 

In last 35 years the efforts towards collective collaboration and prosperity have been hampered by acts of terrorism.-MEA

SAARC INFORMAL MEEETING

The SAARC must overcome three key challenges of :

  • Cross-border terrorism
  • Blocking of connectivity
  • Obstruction in trade.

This was a clear criticism of Pakistan at a virtual meeting of the regional grouping.

  • Jaishankar also called for a collectively resolve to defeat the scourge of terrorism, including the forces that nurture, support and encourage it.

Jaishankar reaffirmed India’s commitment to its ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy and towards building a connected, integrated and prosperous South Asia

  • Such an environment impedes our shared objective of realising the full potential of our collective endeavour.
  • It is therefore crucial that we collectively resolve to defeat the scourge of terrorism, including the forces that nurture, support and encourage it.
  • The external affairs minister also participated in the ‘special ministerial meeting’ of foreign ministers of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA).

CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES IN ASIA

  • The CICA is an inter-governmental forum to boost cooperation towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia.

Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) is a multi-national forum for enhancing cooperation towards promoting peace, security and stability in Asia.  

  • The Member States, while affirming their commitment to the UN Charter, believe that peace and security in Asia can be achieved through dialogue and cooperation .

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

EFFECTIVENESS OF SAARC

  • SAARC has not been very effective since 2016 as its biennial summits have not taken place since the last one in Kathmandu in 2014.
  • The 2016 SAARC Summit was to be held in Islamabad.
  • But after the terrorist attack on an Indian Army camp in Uri in Jammu and Kashmir on September 18 that year, India expressed its inability to participate in the summit due to “prevailing circumstances”.

The summit was called off after Bangladesh, Bhutan and Afghanistan also declined to participate in the Islamabad meet. 

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 25th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

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