27th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai 27th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Don’t raise your voice, improve your argument.” –Anonymous

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

27th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

7 new circles of ASI

      HEADLINES:

Ministry of Culture announces 7 new circles of Archaeological Survey of India

      WHY IN NEWS:

Trichy, Raiganj, Rajkot, Jabalpur, Jhansi and Meerut have been announced as new circles and Hampi Mini Circle has been converted into a full fledged circle

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Culture
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Art and Culture

      ISSUE: 

New circles will strengthen the process of preservation and registration of archaeological monuments

NEW CIRCLES OF ASI

OBJECTIVE

  • This will facilitate and strengthen the process of preservation and registration of archaeological monuments along with registration of artefacts with self declaration.
  • The Minister informed that new circles have been created in Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal and Gujarat.

Trichy, Raiganj, Rajkot, Jabalpur, Jhansi & Meerut have been announced as new circles.

NEW CIRCLES

  • Trichy has been made a new circle along with the circle of Chennai.
  • Hampi Sub-Circle now has been made a new full fledged circle.

In West Bengal, Raiganj has been made a new circle along with Kolkata, this will eliminate geographical inconvenience in a big state like Bengal.

  • In Gujarat, Rajkot has been announced a new circle along with Vadodara.
  • Jabalpur has been announced a new circle along with Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Jhansi in Bundelkhand and Meerut in western Uttar Pradesh have been announced two new circles along with Lucknow and Agra in Uttar Pradesh.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • In Archaeology, the Hampi city in Karnataka is a place of international repute hence Hampi Mini Circle has been converted into a full fledged circle.
  • Earlier there were 29 ASI circles across the country.
     SOURCES: PIB | 27th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Flash droughts

      HEADLINES:

Flash droughts hit nearly 15% rice, maize areas in 1951-2018 monsoons: Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

The study, Dominance of summer monsoon flash droughts in Indiasaid flash droughts are mainly concentrated in the monsoon season in the majority of India

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Floods : Geography

      ISSUE: 

At least 39 flash droughts occurred in 1951-2018; 82% occurred during the monsoon season

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  • About 10-15 per cent areas under cultivation of rice and maize were affected by flash droughts during the monsoon seasons in India between 1951 and 2018.
  • It has the potential to affect crop production and pose challenges in meeting increased irrigation demands.
  • A considerably long dry spell with significantly low precipitation anomalies during the monsoon results in an increase in air temperature.

Increased air temperature and precipitation deficit together cause a rapid depletion of soil moisture leading to flash drought.

  • Therefore, flash droughts in the monsoon season are primarily caused by the monsoon breaks.
  • However, flash droughts can also occur due to delayed onset of the summer.
  • Precipitation deficit and lack of soil moisture during a flash drought can lead to reduction in the yield of rice and maize.

About 21.5 per cent of median area under rice and maize cultivation was affected by flash droughts during 1951-2018 monsoon season. 

Flash droughts primarily affected rice cultivation in eastern and peninsular India in 1976.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The core monsoon region of central and eastern India witnessed the highest frequency of flash droughts.
  • The regions that experience frequent flash droughts include CNE, NE and Western Ghats.
  • In contrast, arid and semi-arid regions of western India, Deccan plateau, and the peninsular region experienced the least frequency of flash droughts during monsoon
     SOURCES:DownToEarth | 27th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Empower communities to restore forests

      HEADLINES:

Empower communities to restore forests: Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

The study was a collaboration of experts from the Indian School of Business in India, the University of Manchester and the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom and Dartmouth College and University of Michigan in the United States. It was published in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution August 24, 2020.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Forests : Wildlife

      ISSUE: 

Crucial forest-restoration areas in low-income countries — home to 12 per cent of their total population — can have an impact on carbon sequestration projects and local livelihoods.

OBSERVATIONS

  • Around 300 million people across the world lived on land where tropical forests could be restored.
  • The local communities that lived on this land needed to be empowered for the restoration of tropical forests to mitigate climate change.
  • The success and viability of restoration projects can, thus, only be ensured through community participation.
  • Crucial forest-restoration areas in low-income countries were home to 12 per cent of their total population.

This can have an impact on carbon sequestration projects, biodiversity conservation and local livelihoods.
 

  • To realise the full potential of forest restoration, rural populations cannot be avoided.

IMPACT

  • Such initiatives can go a long way in helping countries achieve the target of restoring 350 million hectares of forests by 2030, set under the New York Declaration on Forests (NYDF) in 2014 by the United Nations Climate Summit.

The NYDF was a voluntary and non-binding international declaration to take action to halt global deforestation.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

ENABLING COMMUNITIES

Enabling communities to design forest restoration by extending rights to manage forest areas promotes more inclusive environmental governance. 

  • The (forest departments) generally used tree species that give good results, which in this case, meant survival.
  • So, there were very few choices of tree species that were fire-resistant and consumed less water.
  • This criterion for the choice of tree species to be planted needs to change if we have to restore secondary forests and plantations back to primary forests.
     SOURCES:DownToEarth | 27th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

Pulikkali

      HEADLINES:

Tigers to dance in cyberspace this Onam

      WHY IN NEWS:

The street pageant of Thrissur will be an online-only affair this year due to COVID-19
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Festivals

      ISSUE: 

Human tigers: Pulikkali was introduced in Thrissur by Shakthan Tampuran two centuries ago.

PULIKKALI

Pulikkali, or tiger dance, is a colourful part of Onam celebrations in Thrissur.

  • The hallmark street pageant of the State’s cultural capital usually brings the curtains down on the festival celebrations.

Pulikkali

  • Human tigers, their bodies painted bright yellow with black stripes akin to the big cat, prance around to the accompaniment of rousing drum beating and roaring fans.
  • The tiger faces painted on their bellies vibrate rhythmically, producing contorted expressions along with the dance moves.

BACKGROUND

Shakthan Tampuran, the ruler of yore, introduced Pulikkali over two centuries ago as a street art form

  • Sidelined initially as obscene, it won acceptance with the introduction of guidelines and rules.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Even amidst the lockdown and restrictions in the wake of COVID-19, the tigers will reach residents’ homes with their wild dance.
  • But this time, it will be online, for an hour from 3.30 p.m. on the fourth Onam day.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU | 27th Aug Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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