2nd Aug Daily Current Affairs Analysis for UPSC | Prelims & Mains 2020

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2nd Aug Daily Current Affairs Analysis for UPSC | Prelims & Mains 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai 2nd Aug Daily Current Affairs Analysis for UPSC | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going.” –Jim Ryun

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Coastal flooding set to rise 50%

      HEADLINES:

Coastal flooding set to rise 50% over 80 yrs: Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

This was a study published in a journal by two Universities .

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Climate Change : Floods

      ISSUE: 

It could threaten assets worth 20% of global GDP, amounting to $14.2 trillion

COASTAL FLOODING SET TO RISE

STUDIED BY

  • University of Melbourne
  • University of East Anglia (UEA).

FINDINGS

  • Coastal flooding is set to rise by about 50 per cent over the next 80 years .
  • This could threaten assets worth 20 per cent of global gross domestic product.
  • The analysis shone the spotlight on the social and financial impact of climate change.

The land area exposed to an extreme flood event will increase by more than 250,000 square kilometres globally .
 

  • This would mean about 77 million more people will be at risk of experiencing flooding.
  • This would threaten an area with an economy worth up to $14.2 trillion.

A warming climate is driving sea level rise because water expands as it warms, and glaciers are melting.

CLIMATE CHANGE

  • Climate change is also increasing the frequency of extreme seas which will further increase the risk of flooding.

Close to 68 per cent of the coastal area likely to be flooded by tide and storm events.

  • While only 32 per cent will be caused by regional sea level rises.
  • Research shows that large parts of communities residing in low-lying coastal areas are at risk of being devastated so we need urgent action.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Vulnerable areas need to start building coastal defences.
  • There is a need to increase our preparedness to mitigate climate change.

Researchers warn that the extent of the increased risk showed how vulnerable large parts of the world will become unless appropriate action is taken.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 2nd Aug Daily Current Affairs Analysis for UPSC| Prelims & Mains 2020

Black swan genome

      HEADLINES:

Scientists map black swan genome to better understand immune response

      WHY IN NEWS:

The researchers wanted to understand as to why black swans were so susceptible to HPAI.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Diseases : Health

      ISSUE: 

Black swans are highly susceptible to the bird flu virus and the scientists hope to uncover clues.

Black swan Vulnerable

  • Australian scientists have mapped the genome of the black swam, a species highly susceptible to the avian flu virus, in order to better understand immune response and protect public health.

The Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) usually occurs in birds and can sometimes spill over to humans.

  • More than 50 per cent of the 800 people infected globally by HPAI since 2003 have not survived.

The swans can die from viral infection in 24 hours whereas ducks are hardly affected and develop only mild symptoms.

  • Research is available publicly in the National Centre for Biotechnology Information under bio project code: PRJNA640810.

HPAI VIRUS

  • Asian highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) or (H5N1) virus occurs mainly in birds and is highly contagious.
  • HPAI Asian H5N1 is especially deadly for poultry.

The virus was first detected in 1996 in geese in China.

  • Asian H5N1 was first detected in humans in 1997 during a poultry outbreak in Hong Kong.

RISK TO HUMAN HEALTH

  • While the risk from Asian H5N1 is low to most people.
  • Sporadic human infections with Asian H5N1 virus have occurred in other countries, primarily in Asia and Africa.
  • Most human infections with Asian H5N1 viruses in other countries have occurred after prolonged and close contact with infected sick or dead birds.

No animal or human infections with Asian H5N1 virus have occurred in the United States.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Six countries to be endemic for the HPAI virus in poultry as of 2011, namely Bangladesh, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia and Vietnam.-FAO

  • The research team has already identified certain genes that might be responsible for the manner in which black swans are affected by HPAI.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 2nd Aug Daily Current Affairs Analysis for UPSC

Gift Box-KVIC

      HEADLINES:

MSME Minister Shri Nitin Gadkari launches Khadi’s Gift Box of Silk Mask

      WHY IN NEWS:

You can now gift your families and friends an attractive gift box of exclusive Khadi Silk Face Masks.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Micro,Small & Medium Enterprises
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Miscellaneous

      ISSUE: 

Union Minister for MSME, Shri Nitin Gadkari yesterday launched the Gift Box, developed by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC).

GIFT BOX – KVIC

  • The gift box consists of four handcrafted silk masks in different colors and prints.
  • The masks are packed in a beautifully crafted handmade paper box in black color with golden embossed printing.
  • The silk mask gift boxes are priced at just Rs 500 per box and now available at all KVIC outlets in Delhi NCR.
  • Idea behind launching the gift box is to tap the foreign market .
  • The gift boxes will have one printed Silk Mask and three other masks in solid attractive colors.
  • The Silk Masks have three pleats and come with adjustable ear loops and attractive beads.

It has two inner layers of 100% Khadi cotton fabric and one top layer of Silk fabric.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • These triple-layered silk masks are skin-friendly, washable, reusable and bio-degradable.
  • Indian population look for reasonably priced gift items for their loved ones during the festival season.
  • This will provide the artisans with sustainable livelihood during the most difficult time of Corona pandemic.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 2nd Aug Daily Current Affairs Analysis for UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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