2nd Oct Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.”
― Leo Tolstoy

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

2nd Oct Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

National butterfly

      HEADLINES:

Poll to select national butterfly takes wing

      WHY IN NEWS:

Seven winged beauties are on the final list chosen by nature lovers in country

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Conservation of Biodiversity : Flora and Fauna

      ISSUE: 

A citizen campaign to drum up support for identifying a national butterfly has gained momentum with close to half a lakh people joining the movement

NATIONAL BUTTERFLY CAMPAIGN

  • The National Butterfly Campaign has revived focus on the relevance of the charming, scaly winged insects in enhancing biodiversity.

India is yet to designate a national butterfly despite being home to over 1,300 species belonging to six butterfly families.

  • Several countries, including Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia and Bhutan, have national butterflies.
  • The National Butterfly Campaign Consortium prepared a long-list of 50 butterflies that was further trimmed to seven.

KEY CONTENDERS

  • Krishna Peacock (Papilio krishna)
  • Indian Jezebel or Common Jezebel (Delias eucharis)
  • Orange Oakleaf (Kallima inachus)
  • Five-bar Swordtail (Graphium antiphates)
  • Indian Nawab, Yellow Gorgon and
  • Northern Junglequeen (Stichophthalma camadeva) are the contenders for the premier position.

2nd Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Common Jezebel

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • A country-wide online poll that commenced on September 11 to identify the most-favoured butterfly species has currently generated 42,090 votes.
  • Maharashtra recording the highest number — 16,210.
  • Several people have also cast their votes in West Bengal (3,029) and Karnataka (2,435), while 786 from Kerala have also joined the campaign.
  • The public poll, which can be accessed on https://forms.gle/u7WgCuuGSYC9AgLG6, will continue till October 8.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 2nd Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Nanofiber yarns

      HEADLINES:

IIT-M makes sutures with nanofiber yarns

      WHY IN NEWS:

These are bio-absorbable and can deliver a higher load of antibiotics

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Nano Science : Nano-technology

      ISSUE: 

The nanofiber yarn based suture developed by IIT-M researchers.

NANOFIBER YARN

  • A team of researchers at IIT Madras is ready with a prototype of suture thread made of nanofiber yarns.

This is bio-absorbable and can deliver a higher load of antibiotics and/or therapeutics at the site itself.

  • The suture material uses nanofibers woven as yarn using certain specific techniques, and the strength can be varied depending on the target tissue (skin, muscle, cartilage)
  • Each strand has a good tensile strength, besides degrading rapidly and mimics the collagen fibrils of body tissues.
  • Several innovations globally in suture material have advanced infection control and achieved in some cases, better recovery among patients.
  • Even as other options such as staples, glues and strips have become available.

NANOFIBERS

Nanofiber yarns are thread-like structures formed by twisting together hundreds of nanofibers.

  • In tissue engineering thread like structures are created by twisting nanofibers together using custom-made machinery.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Several experiments were done to prove its compatibility, mechanical strength, stem cell interaction and immune responses.
  • Experiments on antibacterial property also were done to check compatible with prescribed norms in surgical procedure.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 2nd Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

ICGS Kanaklata Barua

      HEADLINES:

GRSE’s fast patrol vessel ICGS Kanaklata Barua commissioned

      WHY IN NEWS:

GRSE, a Mini Ratna Category 1 company and a leading shipyard, delivered the vessel to the Indian Coast Guard .

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: ICGS : Defence

      ISSUE: 

GRSE, a Mini Ratna Category 1 company and a leading shipyard, delivered the vessel to the Indian Coast Guard

FPV ICGS KANAKLATA BARUA

  • The “ICGS Kanaklata Barua” was commissioned at the GRSE Fitting Out Jetty (FOJ) Unit .

BUILT BY

‘ICGS Kanaklata Barua’, a vessel built by the Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata.

  • It is in the series of five fast patrol vessels (FPV) for the Indian coast was commissioned on Wednesday.
  • This takes the organisation’s delivery count to 105 warships.

FEATURES

The FPVs are medium-range surface vessels with a length of 50 m, a width of 7.5 m and displacement of around 308 T.

  • These powerful, fuel-efficient platforms are designed to perform multipurpose operations .

EXAMPLE
Patrolling, anti-smuggling, anti-poaching, and rescue operations.

  • “The vessels are designed for a maximum speed of 34 knots with an endurance of more than 1,500 nautical miles.”

ICGS-Kanaklata-Barua

  • The vessel is equipped with three main engines of MTU make and built at GRSE with advanced control systems.
  • It also supports ‘Water Jet’ units and an ‘Integrated Bridge System’ integrating all communication and navigation systems.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The ship is fitted with 40/60 gun as the main armament.
     SOURCES:IE | 2nd Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Malabar drills

      HEADLINES:

No decision yet on Australia’s participation in Malabar drills

      WHY IN NEWS:

Quad countries will hold a ministerial meeting this month

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : 3 : IR : Defence : Exercises

      ISSUE: 

MALABAR EXERCISE – Trilateral naval exercises between India, the U.S. and Japan.

ONGOING DISCUSSIONS

  • The inclusion of Australia in the Malabar Exercise — the trilateral naval exercises between India, the U.S. and Japan — was still being discussed.
  • The ‘Quad’ — India, Australia, the U.S. and Japan — the countries will discuss a comprehensive set of issues.
  • The actual agenda is going to be kept “close-hold” [a security classification] among the countries.

STRONG PARTNERSHIP

  • The Quad partnership are “increasingly strong”, The agenda would cover defence, economic areas and, especially, COVID-19.
  • India has been reluctant to include Australia in the Malabar naval exercises, which include three of the four Quad members.
  • A militarisation of the Quad could be viewed by China as a strategy to contain it, not something India has wanted to do.
  • The agenda for the U.S.-India 2+2 ministerial dialogue is expected to be “comprehensive, wide-ranging and strategic”.

It will include defence topics, diplomatic cooperation, cooperation at multilateral forums, economic cooperation, space and technology and people to people cooperation.

  • Providing an overview of the ‘U.S.-India Comprehensive Global Strategic Partnership’ the official called the relationship “one of the most important partnerships in the world”.

UNSC SEAT

  • India and other G4 countries (Brazil, Germany and Japan) declared that they were looking for text-based negotiations and results within specified time frames for UN Security Council reform.
  • The U.S. has supported India’s quest for a permanent seat on the Security Council.

The United States welcomes India joining the UN Security Council in 2021 for a two-year term.

  • USA supports a reformed UN Security Council that includes India as a permanent member.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

U.S REPLY ON CHINESE INTRUSION

  • We encourage India and China to use their existing bilateral channels to discuss those and not resort to military force.
  • We strongly oppose any unilateral attempts to advance territorial claims by incursions ( by military or civilian incursions) across the border
     SOURCES:THE HINDU  | 2nd Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Manufacturing PMI

      HEADLINES:

Manufacturing PMI sees fastest growth in 8 years

      WHY IN NEWS:

Sept. survey shows more job cuts

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Economy

      ISSUE: 

Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) increased from 52.0 in August to 56.8 in September — highest since January 2012.

  • It has touched a more than eight-and-a-half-year high supported by accelerated increases in new orders and production.
  • India’s manufacturing sector activity improved for the second straight month in September.

WHAT IS THE PURCHASING MANAGERS’ INDEX?

  • The Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an index of the prevailing direction of economic trends in the manufacturing and service sectors.

It consists of a diffusion index that summarizes whether market conditions, as viewed by purchasing managers, are expanding, staying the same, or contracting. 

  • The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current and future business conditions to company decision makers, analysts, and investors.

KEY TAKEAWAYS

  • The Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is a measure of the prevailing direction of economic trends in manufacturing.

The PMI is based on a monthly survey of supply chain managers across key industries, covering both upstream and downstream activity.

  • The value and movements in the PMI and its components can provide useful insight to business decision makers, market analysts, and investors

EXPORT ORDERS

  • The upturn in total sales was supported by a renewed expansion in new export orders, the first since prior to the escalation of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Exports also bounced back, following six successive months of contraction. 

  • While inputs were purchased at a sharper rate and business confidence strengthened.
  • Despite strong growth of order book volumes, Indian goods producers signalled another reduction in payroll numbers.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Employment has now decreased for six consecutive months.

  • While uncertainty about the COVID-19 pandemic remains, producers can at least for now enjoy the recovery.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU | 2nd Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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