2nd Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

If you can’t, you must. If you must, you can.– Tony Robbins

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 2nd Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Antarctica, Greenland ice sheet melting

      HEADLINES:

Antarctica, Greenland ice sheet melting matches worst-case climate change scenarios: Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

It is a study conducted by University of Leeds, United Kingdom. The study was published in journal Nature Climate Change.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Global Warming : Climate Change

      ISSUE: 

Ice sheets lose ice at rates predicted by worst-case scenarios estimated in the last report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

KEY OBSERVATIONS

  • Increasing melting rates for ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland match worst-case scenarios for climate warming, potentially exposing 16 million people to annual coastal flooding by the end of the century.
  • The global sea level rose by 1.8 centimetres because of the rapid melting rates of the ice sheets since the 1990s.

Increasing melting rates will raise sea levels by a further 17 cm.

  • Melting from Antarctica pushed sea levels up by 7.2 millimetres.
  • Greenland accounted for 10.6 mm, with latest measurements pointing out a rise in the world’s oceans by four mm every year.

REASON
One of the primary causes for the rise in global sea levels was thermal expansion, involving the volume of seawater expanding once it gets warmer.

Ice melt from ice sheets and mountain glaciers, however, overtook global warming as the main cause of rising sea levels in the past five years.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • In recent years, thousands of smaller glaciers have begun to melt or disappear altogether, as we saw with the glacier Ok in Iceland, which was declared ‘dead’ in 2014.
  • This means that melting of ice has now taken over as the main contributor of sea level rise.
     SOURCES: DownToEarth | 2nd Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Indra 2020

      HEADLINES:

India, Russia to hold naval drills in Andaman Sea

      WHY IN NEWS:

India and Russia are scheduled to hold Indra 2020 in the Andaman Sea, close to the Strait of Malacca instead of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

MINISTRY? :- MOD
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence

      CONTEXT: 

INDRA 2020

  • The Strait of Malacca connects Indian Ocean to the South China Sea and is 900 km in length .
  • It is also a prominent trade route between East Asia and West Asia-Europe.
  • IOR is under high operational alert by the Indian Navy due to the ongoing standoff with China in Ladakh.

Three Russian Navy ships will take part in the exercise on September 4 and 5 along with an equal number from the Indian Navy, along with some aircraft.

  • This is also the first bilateral naval exercise since all such engagements were suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • It also comes just after India withdrew from the Kavkaz-2020 multinational exercise in Russia that is scheduled for later this month.

While the stated reason for the withdrawal was the COVID-19 pandemic was due to the participation of Chinese troops. 

  • So instead of exercising with Chinese troops in Kavkaz 2020, we would exercise with Russian Navy near the mouth of Malacca.
     SOURCES: The Hindu | 2nd Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

AUDFs01 – Farthest Galaxy

      HEADLINES:

Indian Astronomers discover one of the farthest Star galaxies in the universe.

      WHY IN NEWS:

India’s first Multi-Wavelength Space Observatory “AstroSat” has detected extreme-UV light from a galaxy located 9.3 billion light-years away from Earth.

MINISTRY? :- MOS
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:SPACE

      ISSUE: 

The galaxy called AUDFs01 was discovered by a team of Astronomers led by Dr Kanak Saha from the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics(IUCAA) Pune.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • The importance and uniqueness of this original discovery can be made out from the fact that it has been reported in the leading international journal “Nature Astronomy” published from Britain.
  • India’s AstroSat/UVIT was able to achieve this unique feat because the background noise in the UVIT detector is much less than one on the Hubble Space Telescope of US based NASA.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Pertinent to mention that India’s first Space Observatory AstroSat, which has made this discovery, was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on September 28, 2015.

     SOURCES: PIB | 2nd Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

ICJ on Freedom of Expression

      HEADLINES:

‘Bhushan’s conviction is against international law’

      WHY IN NEWS:

It seemed to be inconsistent with the freedom of expression law guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that India was a party to.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2: 3 : ICJ

      ISSUE: 

The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) said -The conviction appears to be inconsistent with international standards on freedom of expression and the role of lawyers.

KEY TAKEAWAY

  • In a statement, the ICJ, an international human rights organisation comprising judges and lawyers, said it joined 1,800 Indian lawyers in calling for the Supreme Court to review the standards of criminal contempt.

The judgment risked having a “chilling effect on the exercise of protected freedom of expression in India.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

While some restrictions of freedom of expression are permitted by international standards, a particularly wide scope must be preserved for debate and discussion about such matters as the role of the judiciary, access to justice, and democracy, by members of the public, including through public commentary on the courts.- ICJ

     SOURCES:The Hindu | 2nd Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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