30 June | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 |

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Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 |  30 June 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“No masterpiece was ever created by a lazy artist.” –Anonymous

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

 

UN declaration delayed over climate text

      HEADLINES:

UN declaration delayed over climate text

      WHY IN NEWS:

U.S. raises concern over a paragraph on climate in commemorative declaration

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:UN

      ISSUE: 

U.S. concerns over a paragraph on climate in a UN commemorative declaration have further delayed the statement’s release after tough negotiations successfully resolved previous issues around the text.

  • The U.S. broke silence on the document on Friday over concerns about the climate.

LINES ON CLIMATE IN THE DECLARATION INCLUDE

  • “We need to adapt to the circumstances and take transformative measures.
  • We have a historic opportunity to build back better and greener.
  • We need to immediately curb greenhouse gas emissions and achieve sustainable consumption and production patterns in line with the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Trump administration gave notice in November last year that it was exiting the 2015 Paris Agreement.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis 

Custodial death :Need for police reforms

      HEADLINES:

T.N. custodial deaths highlight need for police reforms

      WHY IN NEWS:

1,731 people died in custody in 2019, it said, citing a report

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Prison Reforms

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS go through important key takeaways from UNCAT.

      ISSUE: 

The alleged torture and killing of a father and son, both traders, in custody in Tamil Nadu last week points to a broken criminal justice system  

This highlights the need for police reforms and the ratification of the United Nations Convention Against Torture (UNCAT).

  • The committee, which is chaired by former Chief Information Commissioner Wajahat Habibullah, said the alleged custodial killings of P. Jayaraj and his son J. Benicks in Thoothukudi underlined the urgent need for a strong law in fulfilment of legal obligations.
  • The two were arrested for allegedly keeping their shops open past the permitted hours during the COVID-19 lockdown.

United Nations Convention Against Torture (UNCAT)

PARTIES MUST COMMIT TO

  •  Recognition of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.
  • Recognizing that those rights derive from the inherent dignity of the human person.
  • Promote universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms.

  No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

NEED TO RATIFY UNCAT

  • India remained among a handful of countries yet to ratify the UNCAT.
  • The National Human Rights Commission had said custodial violence and torture were “rampant” in the country.
  • “Given the reality and the circumstances of the recent deaths, we urge the government of India to bring a draft law on torture before Parliament as a top priority and announce its commitment to the UNCAT.”-National Campaign Against Torture’s
  • “India has since pledged several times to ratify it, including as recently as 2018.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  •  Despite two official Bills which lapsed, a private member’s Bill and a report by the Law Commission, the issue has not been a priority of the Central government.
  • India is among 25 other nations which have not ratified.

SUGGESTED READING : https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/cat.aspx 

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis 

 

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