3rd July | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 |

Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 | 3rd July 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Blessed are those who can give without remembering and take without forgetting.” –Anonymous

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Dust pollution vs Infant Mortality

      HEADLINES:

Dust pollution in Sub-Saharan Africa raised infant mortality: Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

Air pollution due to dust from the Sahara desert led to a significant increase in infant mortality rate in Sub-Saharan Africa.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS please take a map and mark out the regions mentioned below .

For MAINS take down the adverse effects of Air pollution on Infant Mortality rate.

      ISSUE: 

The researchers from Stanford University, United States, found that a roughly 25 per cent increase in local annual mean particulate concentrations in West Africa caused an 18 per cent increase in infant mortality. The study was published in Nature Sustainability on June 29, 2020.

Dust pollution led to 18% spike in infant mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

KEY OBSERVATIONS

  The report compares the birth and death data of children with satellite-detected changes in the air particle or particulate levels driven by the Bodele dust storms.

  • Bodele Depression located at the southern edge of the Sahara Desert in north central Africa, is the lowest point in Chad.

  Dust storms from the Bodele Depression occur on average about 100 days per year. It is the largest source of dust emissions in the world.

  • Poor air quality was associated with adverse health outcomes in children.
  • Emissions from Bodele contributed greatly to annual average particulate matter 2.5 concentrations across much of Africa.

Air pollution, even from natural sources, is extremely critical for child health.

  • Children under five are particularly vulnerable to the tiny particles in air pollution that can have a range of negative health impacts, including lower birth weight and impaired growth in the first year of life.

Air pollution from natural as well as artificial sources could be linked with a high infant mortality.

  • The concentration of dust particulate matter across Sub-Saharan Africa is highly dependent on the amount of rainfall in the Bodele Depression.

PREVENTION

  • Dampening sand using groundwater in the Bodele region can stop the dust from rising and polluting the air.

Solar-powered irrigation systems can help prevent 37,000 infant deaths per year in West Africa.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The report attributed changing climate as the reason behind natural sources of air pollution.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

MoD approves 33 new fighter jets

      HEADLINES:

MoD approves 33 new fighter jets in deals worth ₹38,900 cr.

      WHY IN NEWS:

Modi and Putin hold telephonic conversation

      ISSUE: 

Amid the tension on the border with China, the Defence Acquisition Council, chaired by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, on Thursday approved deals worth ₹38,900 crore.

Daily current affairs

The approvals come a week after Mr. Singh’s visit to Moscow for the Victory Day Parade.

  These include procurement of 21 MiG-29 fighter jets for the Indian Air Force (IAF), upgrade of 59 MiG-29s and acquirement of 12 Su-30 MKI aircraft.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The other deals include Pinaka ammunition, armoured vehicle BMP armament upgrades and Software Defined Radio for the Army, Long Range Land Attack Missile Systems of over 1,000 km range and Astra Beyond Visual Range air-to-air missiles for the Navy and the IAF, all of which will be procured domestically and worth an estimated ₹31,130 crore.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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