6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

“Challenges are what make life interesting and overcoming them is what makes life meaningful.” – Joshua J. Marine

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2021

Glacial Melting : Brown carbon ‘tarballs’

      HEADLINES:

Brown carbon ‘tarballs’ that hasten glacial melt found in Himalayan atmosphere: Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

  • The percentage of tarballs increased on days with higher pollution levels, could contribute to global warming.
  • It was published in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology Letters November 4, 2020.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 :3 : Global Warming : Climate Change

      ISSUE: 

Nearly 28 per cent of particles collected from the air samples from a research station in the Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau were tarballs.

6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis IASbhai

WHAT ARE TARBALLS ?

Tarballs are small light-absorbing, carbonaceous particles formed due to burning of biomass or fossil fuels that deposit on snow and ice.

  • Tarballs are formed from brown carbon, emitted during the burning of fossil fuels.
  • Primary brown carbon (BrC) co-emitted with black carbon (BC) from biomass burning is an important light-absorbing carbonaceous aerosol.

The median sizes of externally mixed tarballs and internally mixed tarballs were 213 and 348 nanometre respectively.

  • Until now, black carbon was found to be transported long distances by wind to the Himalayan atmosphere; there was not sufficient direct evidence for primary BrC in the Himalayan atmosphere.

HOW DID THEY REACH HIMALAYAS ?

  • Air mass trajectories, satellite detection, and Weather Research and Forecasting model coupled to Chemistry simulations indicated that the tarballs were emitted from biomass burning in the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

The percentage of the tarballs increased on days of higher levels of pollution and could contribute to hastening of glacial melt and global warming.

  • The data revealed that a dense array of active fire spots — corresponding to large-scale wheat-residue burning on the Indo-Gangetic Plain reached the Himalayan research station during sampling.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The researchers concluded that tarballs from long-range transport can be an important factor in the climatic effect and would correspond to a substantial influence on glacial melting in the Himalaya region.
  • They suggested future climate models to consider the long-range transport of tarballs to the Himalayas to arrest climate change developments.
     SOURCES: DownToEarth  | 6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

“Let’s end it by 2020”

      HEADLINES:

“Let’s end it by 2020”: Dr. Harsh Vardhan exhorts Delhi to implement Prime Minister’s Jan Andolan successfully to blunt the momentum of COVID by the end of the year

      WHY IN NEWS:

Presses for mandatory testing of all RAT negative persons if they develop ILI/SARI symptoms

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

Rise in Positivity Rate across 6 districts key Point of Concern

RISE IN CASES

  • The Jan Andolan to make the last citizen aware of the virtues of wearing masks, physical distancing and hand washing, has helped the country curb the COVID crisis effectively.

The government’s commitment to vaccinate 20-25 Crore citizens including those involved in frontline healthcare by mid-2021.

  • False negative results might give way to complacency among the COVID infected.
  • So it is mandatory to test all RAT negative persons if they develop ILI/SARI symptoms afterwards.

WHO ON ILI/SARI SYMPTOMS

The WHO global influenza surveillance standards define the surveillance case definitions for influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe acute respiratory infections (SARI).

Key messages when using the case definitions:

  • Influenza infection causes a clinical syndrome not easily distinguished from other respiratory infections.
  • The case definitions for ILI and SARI are not necessarily intended to capture all cases but to describe trends over time.
  • Using one common case definition globally will allow national health authorities to interpret their data in an international context.

ILI CASE DEFINITION

An acute respiratory infection with:

  • measured fever of ≥ 38 C°
  • and Cough;
  • with onset within the last 10 days.

SARI CASE DEFINITION

An acute respiratory infection with:

  • History of fever or measured fever of ≥ 38 C°;
  • and Cough;
  • with onset within the last 10 days;
  • and requires hospitalization.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The recovery rate of India is currently more than 92% while that of Delhi is 89%.
  • Against a national case fatality rate of 1.49%, Delhi continues to have a fatality rate of 1.71%.”
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Luhri Stage-I Hydro Electric Project

      HEADLINES:

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the investment for 210 MW Luhri Stage-I Hydro Electric Project.

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Infrastructure

      ISSUE: 

LUHRI STAGE-I HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT

IMPLEMENTATION

  • It is being implemented by Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (SJVNL) on Build-Own-Operate Maintain (BOOM) basis with active support from Government of India and the State Government.
  • Government of India is providing grants of Rs. 66.19 crore for enabling infrastructure.

6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis IASbhai

LOCATION

It is located on River Satluj in Shimla and Kullu districts of Himachal Pradesh.

IMPORTANCE

  • This project will generate 758.20 million units of electricity annually.
  • This will help in providing grid stability and improve the power supply position.

The project would also lead to a reduction of 6.1 lakh tons of carbon dioxide from the environment annually.

  • Thus, contributing to an improvement in air quality and less air pollution.
  • The construction activities will result in direct and indirect employment and will contribute to the overall socio-economic development of the State.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Himachal Pradesh will benefit with free power worth around Rs. 1140 crore, during the Project Life Cycle of 40 years.
  • The project affected families will be provided with 100 units of free electricity per month for ten years.
     SOURCES:   PIB  | 6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

India’s resolution adopted : UNGA

      HEADLINES:

India’s resolution on counter-terror adopted by UN General Assembly

      WHY IN NEWS:

India’s annual resolution on the issue of counter-terrorism was co-sponsored by over 75 countries and adopted by consensus in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : 3 : UN : International institutions : Nuclear Energy

      ISSUE: 

India, a victim of state-sponsored cross-border terrorism, has been at the forefront in highlighting the serious threat to international peace and security emanating from acquisition of weapons of mass destruction by terrorist groups.

RESOLUTION 1540

  • India’s call for strengthening national measures to address this issue at the General Assembly.

RESOLUTION 1540
India also predates the adoption of resolution 1540 by the Security Council, which obliges all states to refrain from supporting by any means non-state actors.

  • This abandons non state actors from developing, acquiring, manufacturing, possessing, transporting, transferring or using nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their means of delivery.
  • This resolution, co-sponsored by more than 75 countries, was adopted by consensus without a vote.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Through its annual resolution -”Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction”, India has urged greater international co-operation to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction.

     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

India’s election experience is a good sign: CEC

      HEADLINES:

India’s election experience is a good sign: CEC

      WHY IN NEWS:

India’s experience of holding elections during the COVID-19 pandemic showed that other countries could go on with scheduled polls and not defer them.- Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Election Commission

      ISSUE: 

The elections had turned out to be leap of faith and “not a leap in the fire”.

  • CEC told members of the Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) that the Election Commission of India had prepared meticulously for the polls.
  • “There was no dearth of sceptics, cynics, extreme cynics, who were doing doomsday predictions for us,” .

ASSOCIATION OF WORLD ELECTION BODIES (A-WEB)

  • A-WEB was established in October 2013 in Song-do, South Korea.
  • The permanent secretariat of A-WEB is located at Seoul. 

A-WEB’s vision is to foster efficiency and effectiveness in conducting free, fair, transparent and participative elections worldwide.

  • Currently, the A-WEB has 115 members and 20 regional associations/ organisations as associate members.
  • The members include 37 from Africa, 31 from America, 24 from Asia, 17 from Europe, and six from Oceania. 
  • An India A-WEB Centre has been established at New Delhi, for world class documentation, research and training for sharing the best practices and capacity building of officials of A-WEB members.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • India is the largest democracy of the world while U.S. is the oldest.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Ban use of disinfection tunnels

      HEADLINES:

Ban use of disinfection tunnels, UV rays: Supreme Court

      WHY IN NEWS:

The bench of Justices Ashok Bhushan, R Subhash Reddy and M R Shah directed the government to complete the exercise in one month’s time “looking at the health concern of the people in general”.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Judiciary

      ISSUE: 

The ruling came on a plea by a student, Gursimran Singh Narula, who sought a ban on these tunnels.

THE VERDICT

KEY POINTS

  • Disaster Management Act, 2005 specifically deals with the responsibilities of various ministries in an emergent situation.
  • Centre has not taken “any measure either to prevent or regulate the spraying of disinfectant on the human body” .

VERDICT
“SC DIRECTED CENTRE-Consider and issue necessary directions regarding ban/regulation on the usage of disinfection tunnels” and “exposure of” people “to artificial ultraviolet rays”.

  • The bench directed the government to complete the exercise in one month’s time “looking at the health concern of the people in general”.

CONCERNS

Many organisations/public authorities were using chemical disinfectants to spray and fumigate.

  • Public authorities/organisations were using disinfectants, both chemical/organic, on the human body and there are various studies to the effect that it may be harmful to the health and the body.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Some more actions were required to remove the cloud of uncertainty and to regulate the use, even if it was to either prevent such use or regulate the use, so that health of citizens is amply protected,” the bench ruled.

     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI)

      HEADLINES:

Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI)

      WHY IN NEWS:

Union Minister of Science & Technology gave away Gandhian Young Technological Awards in two categories -SITARE-GYTI and SRISTI-GYTI awards.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Awards

      ISSUE: 

GANDHIAN YOUNG TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION

Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (GYTI) Awards celebrates the spirit of student innovation in all the fields of engineering, science, technology and design

These could deal for example, with:

a) Communities at grassroots,

b) Co-creation with grassroots innovators,

c) Manufacturable technologies for saving or generating energy, sanitation, water purification, saving material consumption,

d) Biotechnology and medical devices,

e) Diagnostics,

f) Assistive devices for physically challenged, and all others areas of social and industrial applications.

IMPLEMENTATION

  • Students Innovations for Advancement of Research Explorations – Gandhian Young Technological Innovation (SITARE-GYTI) is under Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), Department of Biotechnology (DBT) .
  • One can submit more than one application in manufacturing areas.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The SITARE-GYTI awards are given every year to the most promising technologies developed by the students in life sciences, biotechnology, agriculture, medical devices etc.
  • SRISTI-GYTI awards are given to students in other engineering disciplines.
     SOURCES:  PIB | 6th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2021

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