7th DECEMBER-DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB- IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB: 7th DECEMBER

 

“The better you feel about yourself, The less you feel the need to show off.” 

 

 

 

Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG)

      HEADLINES: 

Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG)

      WHY IN NEWS: 

The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) 10th Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG) Meeting was held recently at Kota Kinabalu in Sabah, Malaysia.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:IUCN:Biodiversity Conservation

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS its is important to know about AsESG ,Asian Elephants and make note of venue too

For MAINS understand the core issue ; Why this event ? what is the objective and what are the outcomes ?

      ISSUE: 

The discussion included national action plans for elephant conservation by Asian elephant range states, best practices in managing human-elephant conflict, mechanisms to involve group members in monitoring the illegal killing of elephants, issues related to captive elephant welfare and sharing and learning from the African experience.

 

WHO ?

  • More than 130 elephant conservationists, partner organisations and experts gathered at the meeting.

ABOUT ASESG:

  • The IUCN Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG) is a global network of specialists (both scientists and non-scientists) concerned with the study, monitoring, management, and conservation of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus).
Aim: To promote the long-term conservation of Asia’s elephants and, where possible, the recovery of their populations to viable levels.

WHAT IS SSC?

  • AsESG is an integral part of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

FUNCTIONS:

  • It shall provide the best available scientifically grounded evidence to the abundance, distribution, and demographic status of Asian elephant populations in all 13 range states.

 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Gajah is the bi-annual journal of the IUCN/SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG).

 

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

 

Gender-based violence redressal

      HEADLINES: 

Gaping hole in gender-based violence redressal in Capital

      WHY IN NEWS: 

No Sakhi One-Stop Centre under Nirbhaya Fund in Delhi

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:2:3:Issues related to women; Women safety; Schemes

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS OSC scheme is little important because its in news since ages now 😉

For MAINS many key take away points are mentioned ion this article worth remembering .

      ISSUE: 

Gender-based violence (GBV), including sexual violence against women, is a marker of how a society defines the categories of ‘gender’ and ‘violence’ in the first place. Each newsworthy ‘case’ of horrific violence inflicted on women’s bodies becomes a statistical figure. These cases turn the mirror back upon us, pushing towards a reassessment of gender roles.
AFTERMATH OF NIRBHAYA CASE :

In 2012, the ‘Nirbhaya’ case sent ripples of shock and horror throughout the country.

  • Thereafter, a corpus of ₹10 billion (₹1,000 crore) , known as the ‘Nirbhaya Fund’, was announced as a policy measure in the 2013 Union Budget.
  • It was meant to support existing initiatives and commence newer ones ensuring women’s safety.
SAKHI ONE-STOP CENTRE (OSC) SCHEME:
  • The Sakhi One-Stop Centre (OSC) Scheme was one such initiative implemented using the fund by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MCWD) in 2015.
  • It was a part of a broader umbrella scheme: National Mission for Empowerment of Women.
  • An OSC was to provide emergency medical aid, psychosocial counselling, legal counselling and temporary shelter. A woman escaping from violence and brutality, then, could go to an OSC and find all kinds of facilities available under one roof.

PRESENT CONDITION:

  •  In the National Capital Region, an OSC had been shut down due to severe lack of funding.
  • Another one in Faridabad was in a dilapidated condition, having been removed from the public hospital where it previously operated.

LACK OF AWARENESS

  • At AIIMS, it was discovered that a proposal for another OSC, albeit a bigger one at the national level which was also to become a training centre for DNA evidence collection, had already been floated.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

If on the one hand the Nirbhaya case was supposed to be a red flag — it prompted the launch of OSCs across the country — then on the other hand, it failed to ignite a proper State response in and around the Capital itself, plagued by improper implementation and a lack of gender sensitisation amongst staff, aside from poor allocation of the funds.

Women’s access to healthcare and legal mechanisms is not affordable in NCR.

 

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

 

Existing antivenom therapy for snakebite inefficient

      HEADLINES: 

Existing antivenom therapy for snakebite inefficient: IISc study

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Treatment fails to work against poison of species other than the ‘big four’

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Sci and Tech:Recent finding

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just remember the purpose of this study and its result.

For MAINS nothing much here !

      ISSUE: 

A new study has revealed that commercially available antivenom in India can be ineffective in treating bites from some snakes that are poorly studied.

 

More antivenom needed: There are dramatic differences in venom compositions of snakes, the study found

 

WHO CONDUCTED THE STUDY ?

The study was conducted by scientists from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore, in collaboration with the Gerry Martin Project and the Madras Crocodile Bank Trust and Centre for Herpetology.

OBSERVATIONS:

  • India is the snakebite capital of the world.
  • Annually, about 46,000 people die and 1,40,000 others are disabled in the country because of snakebites.
  • “The only scientifically validated treatment for snakebites is the use of antivenom, for which manufacturing protocols have remained unchanged for over a century.
  • In India, a polyvalent antivenom is produced against the so-called ‘big four’ snakes: the spectacled cobra, the common krait, Russell’s viper, and the saw-scaled viper.”
  • But specific antivenom is not produced to combat the poison of other snakes, and the ‘big four’ antivenom is routinely used to treat bites from all snakes.

DIFFERENCES IN VENOM

  • Venom composition differed between geographically separated populations of the same species.
  • The team evaluated how effective commercially marketed Indian antivenoms were in treating snakebites from the neglected species, and found that the antivenoms were “highly inefficient” in overcoming the effects of the toxins.
The researchers have underscored the need to develop region-specific snakebite therapies.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

India is home to many other species of venomous snakes that have the potential to inflict deadly, even fatal bites — about 60 of the 270 species are considered ‘medically important’.

This study unravels disturbing deficiencies in dose efficacy and neutralisation capabilities of the currently marketed Indian antivenoms, and emphasises the pressing need to develop region-specific snakebite therapy for the ‘neglected many’.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

 

FEMA 1999

      HEADLINES: 

Audit for FDI norms must for e-com firms

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Local traders have flagged big discounts

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:E-commerce:Ease of doing business

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS nothing much here .

For MAINS fo through details of FEMA given below .

      ISSUE: 

The government has issued new rules that make it compulsory for e-commerce companies with foreign investments to submit an audit report every year, showing that they have been in compliance with the FDI rules for the sector.

 

According to a notification amending the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, dated December 5, e-commerce companies have to obtain a statutory auditor report by the end of September each year for the preceding financial year.

WHO?

The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion last December issued a clarification to the existing rules pertaining to foreign direct investment in e-commerce companies.

WHY SUCH PROVISIONS?

This provision was aimed at ensuring vendors in which marketplaces, such as Amazon, have a stake do not sell the bulk of their items to a third-party vendor who then goes on to sell those items on Amazon’s marketplace.

WHAT IS FEMA (FOREIGN EXCHANGE MANAGEMENT ACT):
  • The FEMA, also referred to as the Foreign Exchange Management Act was introduced in the year 1999.
  • The act was a replacement of the FERA or Foreign Exchange Regulation Act.
  • FEMA came into effect on 1st of June, 2000.
  • FEMA was passed since FERA did not meet the requirements of the policies being implemented after liberalization.
  • FEMA introduced a prominent change in the system by making all the offenses pertaining to foreign exchange as the civil offenses, instead of criminal offenses (earlier applicable in the case of FERA).
AIM:
  • It basically aims at consolidating and amending the foreign exchange law with an aim to facilitate external trading as well as payments.
  • The act was designed for promoting the development as well as maintenance of the Indian foreign exchange market in an orderly manner.
  • At present, FEMA can be applied across India as well as across all the branches, agencies and offices outside of India controlled or owned by an individual who is an Indian resident.

FEMA’s head office, also referred to as Enforcement Directorate is located in New Delhi and spearheaded by its Directors.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The rules were also designed to ensure that the e-commerce marketplaces themselves did not influence the prices of the products on sale by providing deep discounts.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 


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