8th DECEMBER-DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB- IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB: 8th DECEMBER

 

“It’s meaning in your life that causes you to have ideas that will help people.” ― Jal Tucher” 

 

 

Exercise Hand-In-Hand-2019

      HEADLINES: 

Opening Ceremony joint Exercise Hand-In-Hand-2019

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Eighth Edition of India China joint training exercise ‘Hand-in-Hand-2019’ commenced at Joint Training Node

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Joint Exercise

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS  its very important to know the significance of this exercise,venue and its edition ! Though numbers are not important but commencement sometimes matters a little while picking out out man out in MCQ’s.

For MAINS understand it through the lenses of Sino-India relationship !

      ISSUE: 

 

The Eighth Edition of India China joint training exercise ‘Hand-in-Hand-2019’ commenced at Joint Training Node, Umroi, Meghalaya on 07 December 2019.

WHO ORGANISED IT ?
  • Ministry of Defence
PARTICIPANTS?
  • The People’s Liberations Army (PLA) contingent from the Tibet Military Command& Indian Army contingent comprising of one Infantry company alongwith supporting staff are participating in the 14 days long joint training exercise.
AIM:
  • The exercise aims to enrich both the contingents from each other’s experience in counter – terrorism operations. Besides counter-terrorism operations, discussions on Humanitarian Assistance & Disaster Relief (HADR) operations will also be conducted as part of the exercise.

 

 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The exercise will send a strong signal to the world that both India and China well understand the emerging threat of terrorism and stand shoulder to shoulder in countering this menace plaguing the world.

 

 

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

Dutch, Danish heritage in Hooghly gets an ASI push

      HEADLINES: 

Dutch, Danish heritage in Hooghly gets an ASI push

      WHY IN NEWS: 

The bends and turns along the western banks of the Ganga in West Bengal’s Hooghly district has stories of many colonial settlements, including the Dutch and Danish. In an attempt to shed more light on these settlements, the Circle of the Archaeological Survey of India focused on Danish and Dutch cemeteries among other monuments during its World Heritage Week celebrations last month.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1: ASI : Heritage sites;BATTLE OF CHINSURA is very important for upcoming Prelims !

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS  you must go through ASI breifly and most important here is Dutch rule in India . Spectrum (Rajiv Ahir) can be a saviour here .

For MAINS understand the reasons aftermath and consolidation of BATTLE OF CHINSURA.

      ISSUE: 

“The Dutch cemetery is a reminder of the golden days of their legacy in Chinsurah. The graves at the cemetery are scattered under the shade of old trees and surrounded by a high wall,”. The cemetery, which reflects a distinct architectural style prevalent in those times and similar to the Dutch cemeteries in south India, has about 45 graves of Dutch citizens who died between 1743 and 1846.

WLA metmuseum Venus and Adonis by Peter Paul Rubens.jpg

Battle of Chinsurah (1759)

  • The battle of Chinsurah is also known as the Battle of Biderra.
  • The battle took place on 25th of November 1759 near Chinsurah during the Seven Years War.
  • It was fought between the British East India Company and the Dutch East India Company.
  • The forces of the Dutch East India Company were invited by the then Nawab of Bengal, Mir Jafar.
  • Mir Jafar had siezed the throne as the Nawab of Bengal by betraying Siraj Ud Daula.
  • Since then, he had been under the influence and power of the British East India Company and wanted to get out of their claws by any means necessary.
  • Therefore, he sought help from the Dutch East India Company.
  • Now the British and the Dutch were not at war with each other.
  • Despite this, the Dutch forces moved up the Hooghly River in Bengal.
  • There they were met by the British forces which contained a mixture of European and local troops.
  • The two forces met at Chinsurah which is located just outside Calcutta.
  • The British forces won the battle and were led by Colonel Francis Forde.
  • The naval vessels which were used by the Dutch to deliver the troops to the battlefield were defeated in a separate battle on November 24th.

Consequences of the Battle of Chinsurah

  • This was a huge victory for the British East Indian Company.
  • Mir Zafar was replaced by his son in law after his Betrayal.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The cemetrey also includes a tomb of Col. Krefling, the Danish chief and director, who died in 1828. The Danish Governor, Hohlenburg, after his death in 1833, was buriedin this cemetery.

Suggested Reading: https://www.padmad.org/

 

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

2.3 million children in India unvaccinated for measles

      HEADLINES: 

Measles outbreaks continue unabated: WHO

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Both measles and rubella can be prevented by a highly-effective vaccine/ India is second highest, next only to Nigeria with 2.4 million

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Diseases

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS dive into Measles and understnad treatment , therapy , vaccination and the perception of WHO about this disease.

For MAINS understand the drawbacks in immunisation program and issues related with the disease.

      ISSUE: 

India initiated one of the world’s largest measles-rubella campaign to eliminate measles and control rubella in the country. By November 2019, more than 324 million children and adolescent between 9 months to 15 years of age have been vaccinated with one dose of MR vaccine.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Preventable condition

  • Measles can be prevented through two doses of vaccination.
  • But the number of children who are not vaccinated against measles is alarmingly high in six countries.
  • At 2.3 million, India has the second highest number of children who are not vaccinated against measles, the report published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)
  •  With 2.4 million, Nigeria has the most number of unvaccinated children.
  • The other four countries with the most number of unvaccinated children are Pakistan (1.4 million), Ethiopia (1.3 million), Indonesia (1.2 million) and the Philippines (0.7 million).

Mass immunisation campaigns are an effective strategy for delivering vaccination to children who have otherwise been missed by routine services. But it does reflect how many children get missed by the routine immunisation programme.

 

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

Sexual crimes

      HEADLINES: 

What are the laws on rape and sexual crimes?

      WHY IN NEWS: 

How have they changed over the years? When was the death penalty clause included?

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:2:3:Social issues : Issues related to women : Gender related crimes: NCRB

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS nothing else other than VISHAKHA guidelines and POCSO !

For MAINS absorb this article completely.

      ISSUE: 

Within and outside Parliament there has been a clamour to make the criminal justice system tougher on an offender committing sexual crimes against women and children.

 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

How to end RAPE CULTURE TODAY ?

  • Recognize that people neither ask for nor deserve to be abused, harassed, assaulted or raped—ever.
  • Support and believe survivors of sexual violence.
  • Bring awareness and challenge victim-blaming statements.
  • Give constructive input about why comments or jokes that perpetuate rape culture or sexism are not okay.
  • Get help or take action by directly intervening when you see someone taking advantage of a person who is not capable of giving consent.
  • Consent is mandatory and every sexual interaction you have must be consensual–no excuse. Educate yourself on what it means to get and give consent.
  • Build and engage in healthy, respectful relationships.
  • Pledge to never commit or condone any acts of violence.
  • Think critically about how the media depicts sexuality.
  • Take a self-defense class. Your mind, your voice and your body are powerful tools for prevention.
  • Teach your children, friends, parents and peers about the myths and realities of sexual assault.
  • Donate your time or money to your local rape crisis center.
  • Find out what your local  school board’s policy is on anti-rape and violence prevention education and get involved. If it is not proactive, change it!
  • Lobby your local, state and federal legislators for funding for anti-sexual assault programs.
  • If you witness sexual harassment at the workplace or in public places, expose the behavior. Don’t tolerate it.

 

 

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

A typhoid vaccine manufactured in India offers 82% protection

      HEADLINES: 

A typhoid vaccine manufactured in India offers 82% protection

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Unlike other two vaccines, the tested vaccine can be given to babies who are just six months old

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Science and Tech:Recent findings

 

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS the key points here will be Types, How they work and significance of Typbar TCV

For MAINS nothing much important than rise and fall of numbers.

      ISSUE: 

A typhoid vaccine (Typbar TCV) developed by the Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech has shown 81.6% efficacy in preventing typhoid fever at 12 months in a phase-3 clinical trial. The trial was carried out in Nepal in over 10,000 children who received the vaccine.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

While typhoid bacteria can be treated with antibiotics, the microbes have developed resistance against multiple antibiotics. Multidrug-resistant typhoid bacteria are seen in south Asia including India.

“More importantly, the Conjugate vaccine can be given to babies as young as six months, while the other two vaccines cannot be given to children below two years of age.”

Exported to Pakistan

The vaccine has already been licensed in India and is available for clinical use. The company has been supplying the typhoid conjugate vaccine to Pakistan since 2017. “So far about 10 million vaccines have been supplied to Pakistan,”. Pakistan is the first country to introduce the typhoid conjugate vaccine as part of its national immunisation programme.

 

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 


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