8th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.
HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 8th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

Indira Gandhi Peace Prize

      HEADLINES:

Indira Gandhi Peace Prize

      WHY IN NEWS:

Sir David Attenborough has been conferred with Indira Gandhi Peace Prize for 2019 at a virtual ceremony.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Awards

      ISSUE: 

INDIRA GANDHI PEACE PRIZE

  • The Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development is an annual prestigious award named after former prime minister Indira Gandhi.

It is conferred every year by Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust since 1986.

  • It consists of a citation and a monetary award of Rs. 25 lakh.

RECOGNITION

  • The award recognizes creative efforts by individuals/organizations working towards:
  • Creating new international economic order.
  • Promoting international peace & development.
  • Ensuring that scientific discoveries are used for the larger good of humanity and enlarging the scope of freedom.

Sir David is an English broadcaster and natural historian.(BBC Natural History Unit).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

RECIPIENTS OF INDIRA GANDHI PEACE PRIZE

  • Parliamentarians for Global Action (1986)
  • UNICEF (1989)
  • M S Swaminathan (1999)
  • Kofi Annan (2003)
  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) (2014)
  • UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHRC) (2015)
  • Centre for Science and Environment (2018)
     SOURCES: PIB | 8th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

Yanomami tribe

      HEADLINES:

Why is an Amazon tribe talking to Indians about Blood Gold?

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Yanomami people, who live in a settlement deep inside the rainforest, have been threatened for several decades.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Tribes

      ISSUE: 

The Yanomami tribe has launched a global campaign to expel 20,000 gold miners from their land amid the coronavirus pandemic.

YANOMAMI TRIBE

8th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

  • The Yanomami live in the rainforests and mountains of northern Brazil and southern Venezuela.
  • They are the largest relatively isolated tribe in South America.

OTHER TRIBES

  • Guarani, Kaingang, Pataxó, Hã Hã Hãe, Tupinambá, Yanomami, Tikuna and Akuntsu are popular tribes of the Amazon basin. 
  • Amazon is a river of South America and its basin is the largest tropical rainforest in the world.

KEY FACTS

  • The tribe numbers around 38,000 today, and its members live in contiguous forested territory of around 9.6 million hectares in Brazil and 8.2 million hectares in Venezuela.

They live in large, circular houses called yanos or shabonos, some of which can hold up to 400 people. 

  • The Yanomami consider all people to be equal, and do not have a chief.
  • Instead, all decisions are based on consensus after long discussions and debates.
  • They are speakers of a Xirianá language.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

A Brazilian indigenous leader Davi Kopenawa who secured the land rights of the Yanomami people was awarded the Right Livelihood Award-2019, also known as Sweden’s alternative Nobel Prize.

     SOURCES: IE | 8th Sep Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

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