9th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

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IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

Fortune always favours the brave, and never helps a man who does not help himself.– P. T. Barnum


ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

9th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

What is TRP ? 


What is TRP, why was it manipulated?

      WHY IN NEWS:

This is most debated question on TV channels . Click here to see the Top channels and the live TRP – CLICK HERE

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Information and Technology


Mumbai police is alleging that three television channels are involved in manipulating TRPs, here is a look at the whole issue.



In simple terms, anyone who watches television for more than a minute is considered a viewer.

  • A viewer can be as young as a two-year-old.
  • The TRP, or Target Rating Point, is the metric used by the marketing and advertising agencies to evaluate this viewership.


  • In India, the TRP is recorded by the Broadcast Audience Research Council using Bar-O-Meters that are installed on televisions in selected households.
  • As on date, the BARC has installed these meters in 44,000 households across the country.

Audio watermarks are embedded in videocontent prior to broadcast.

  • These watermarks are not audible to the human ear, but can easily be detected and decoded using dedicated hardware and software.
  • As viewing details are recorded by the Bar-O-Meters, so are the watermarks.


  • The first step is the establishment survey, a large-scale face-to-face survey of a sample of approximately 3 lakh households from the target population.
  • This is done annually.
  • Out of these, the households which will have Bar-O-Meters or what the BARC calls the recruitment sample are randomly selected.
  • The fieldwork to recruit households is not done directly by the BARC.

On its website, it has said that the viewing behaviour of panel homes is reported to BARC India daily. 


  • Coincidental checks either physically or telephonically are done regularly.
  • Certain suspicious outliers are also checked directly.
  • And as per the guidelines of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, these households rotate every year.

The Ministry guidelines further say that the secrecy and privacy of the panel homes must be maintained, and asked the BARC to follow a voluntary code of conduct.

  • The rotation is conducted in a staggered manner every month.


  • The Mumbai police alleged that households were being paid to manipulate the TRP.
  • Several doubts have been raised on many previous occasions about the working of the TRP.


  • Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC) India is a Joint Industry Company .
  • It is founded by stakeholder bodies that represent Broadcasters, Advertisers, and Advertising and Media Agencies.
  • It is built upon a robust and future-ready technology backbone.

BARC India owns and manages a transparent, accurate, and inclusive TV audience measurement system.

  • Apart from the currency products to the TV industry, BARC India also provides a suite of Insight products designed for Broadcasters, Advertisers and Agencies.
  • The Big Data and Insights generated by BARC India powers efficient media spends and content decisions in a highly dynamic and growing television sector.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The TRP process needs a rethink and attacked what he called “TRP journalism”.
  • Public broadcaster Doordarshan has time and again said that TRP did not reflect the actual viewership.

As per reports, about 70% of the revenue for television channels comes from advertising and only 30% from subscription. 

SUGGESTED READING : https://www.barcindia.co.in 
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 9th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

“Unite to Fight Corona”


“Unite to Fight Corona”: Prime Minister launches public movement against COVID-19

      WHY IN NEWS:

Various public sector enterprises such as BPCL, ONGC and HPCL too have joined the campaign.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Information & Broadcasting


“Wear a mask.Wash hands.Follow social distancing. Practice ‘Do Gaj Ki Doori.”


  • Prime Minister has reminded the nation to follow the COVID-19 appropriate behaviours, as he launched a public movement to unite in the fight against the pandemic.
  • The campaign has been launched with the aim to encourage people’s participation and together win the fight against COVID-19.
  • To reach the message far and wide, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting has come up with a podcast titled Jan Jan Ki Batein.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 


“I promise to take all necessary precautions that prevent the spread of this deadly virus”.

  • It is hoped that the campaign will contribute to safer and more responsible public behavior at the levels of individual, family and community.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | 9th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Clean Tech Demo Park


Dr. Harsh Vardhan inaugurates the “DBT-BIRAC Clean Tech Demo Park” at Barapullah drain site

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Waste Water treatment : Sewage treatment


“The novel indigenous technologies developed for the treatment of sewage should be promoted for achieving Swachh Bharat and Atmanirbhar Bharat goals”


  • Clean Tech Demo Park would be a good attraction not only for Innovators/ Investors but also for students.
  • It is a common public for awareness and popularization of clean technological solution for waste management.


  • This Clean Technology Waste to Value demonstration Park is an important initiative of the Department of Biotechnology.
  • It demonstrates the feasibility of these technologies for scale up.
  • Thus it will encourage partnership with local bodies and other Stakeholders for large scale technology deployment.


  • Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India
  • Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), a DBT PSU
  • The DBT-BIRAC Clean Tech Demo Park will be used to demonstrate innovative Waste-to-Value technologies.

This park will be managed by the Clean Energy International Incubation Centre (CEIIC), a public-private-partnership incubator set up jointly by DBT, BIRAC and Tata Power.


  • DBT has undertaken several initiatives under Swachh Bharat Mission for the development, demonstration and promotion of innovative clean waste-to-value technologies.
  • This includes biomethanation, constructed wetlands, algal treatment and water membrane filtration.

The DBT-DESMI project in collaboration with Denmark for cleaning of floating debris from Barapullah nallah.

  • The LOTUS-HR project in collaboration with Netherlands are already successfully demonstrated at the Barapullah site.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Few other waste treatment technologies with support from DBT & BIRAC that aim to contribute to the vision of Swachha Bharat were demonstrated.
  • Technologies developed by Startups at different locations in the Country will be demonstrated on this site.
     SOURCES: PIB | 9th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Mental Health: Looking Beyond COVID 19


Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot Virtually Inaugurates International Conference on “Mental Health: Looking Beyond COVID 19”

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment


Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot drew the attention of rising trend of mental health concerns across the globe.



  • Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), M/o Social Justice & Empowerment
  • University of Melbourne, Australia .


COVID 19 pandemic has had a major impact on psycho social wellbeing and is likely to add the disease burden across the globe.

The conference had five technical sessions wherein experts from India and Australia touched upon issues such as:

  • Stress management for frontline non-health workers
  • Multicultural mental health
  • Maintaining mental health
  • Working from home
  • Suicide and associated media reporting in India

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

KIRAN mental health rehabilitation helpline has been doing commendable work for addressing mental health issues.

     SOURCES: PIB | 9th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Assam jails cannot be detention centres


Assam jails cannot be detention centres : HC

      WHY IN NEWS:

State government told to list steps taken to house declared foreigners outside jail

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Governance : Judiciary : Prison Reforms


The Gauhati High Court has said that people declared as foreigners cannot be kept in jails that serve as detention centres, depriving them of basic human rights and human dignity.


  • The court has also issued a notice to the Assam government to submit a report on the steps taken to set up detention centres outside jail premises .
  • The Court asked the State government to “hire any private premises” if “suitable government accommodations are not available for the purpose”.


  • People declared foreigners or “illegal migrants” in Assam are kept across detention centres within six jails where they share space with others serving time for various crimes.

These jails are in Dibrugarh, Goalpara, Kokrajhar, Jorhat, Silchar and Tezpur. (MAP THEM ONCE)

  • A designated detention centre to house 3,000 people is being built in Goalpara district.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The requirement is that such detention centres/ holding centres/ camps should be set up outside the jail premises.
  • The State government is also to ensure appropriate security at these places.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU | 9th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

She Codes


Girls display coding skills, Sisodia announces plan to expand programme to several Delhi govt schools

      WHY IN NEWS:

The six girls were among 1,000 who had been enrolled into a coding programme for girl students, ‘She Codes’, initiated by the Delhi government in January.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Education : Skill development


she codes; is a community of women established with the goal of reaching 50% women software developers in the Israeli high-tech startup.


  • It was founded by Ruth Polachek in 2013 and now has over 50,000 members.

The members are women who want to learn software development or to move into the high-tech field. 

  • Members include women who want to develop new programming skills and meet fellow programmers.
  • Members also are  high school students who are interested in programming.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 


Girls will be taught loops and logics of coding, and the organisation would be providing 30 GB internet data free of cost

  • At she codes;, members are encouraged to further develop their professional and personal skills as a volunteer.
  • The volunteers not only manage the branches, they also plan study courses, organize events, and more.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU  | 9th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis


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