AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0 | UPSC

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AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0 | UPSC

AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Finance Minister announces measures on AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0

      WHY IN NEWS:

A new Scheme “Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana” launched (we will cover it in very soon)

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Finance
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Economy : Schemes

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through different schemes in depth . Do not note down each and every scheme . Make notes of only the ones which you cannot remember

For MAINS go through the significance of each scheme . Let us dive in !

      CONTEXT: 

AATMANIRBHAR BHARAT 3.0

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, businesses
  • MUDRA borrowers and individuals extended till March 31, 2021 and additional credit up to 20%

Production Linked Incentive worth ₹ 1.46 Lakh crore offered to 10 champion sectors

  • ₹18,000 Crore Additional outlay for PM Awaas Yojana – Urban
  • Relaxation of Earnest Deposit Money & Performance Security on Government Tenders

AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0

  • Increase in differential between circle rate and agreement value to 20% providing Income Tax relief for Developers & Home Buyers
  • ₹6,000 crore equity investment in debt platform of National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF)
  • ₹65,000 Crore for subsidized fertilizers provided to support agriculture

Additional outlay of ₹10,000 Crore has been provided for PM Garib Kalyan Rozgar Yojana 

  • ₹3,000 crore boost to be given for project exports through assistance given by India to developing countries
  • ₹10,200 crore additional budget stimulus will be provided for capital and industrial expenditure
  • ₹900 crore is being provided for Research and Development of Indian COVID Vaccine.

12 KEY ANNOUNCEMENTS  UNDER AATMANIRBHAR BHARAT 3.0-

AatmaNirbhar Bharat latest

SOURCES : THE HINDU

1) AATMANIRBHAR BHARAT ROZGAR YOJANA

  • A new scheme to incentivize job creation during COVID-19 recovery has been launched.

The Yojana will benefit if EPFO-registered establishments take in new employees without EPFO registration or those who lost jobs earlier.

BENEFICIARIES UNDER THE SCHEME WOULD BE

  • Any new employee joining employment in EPFO registered establishments on monthly wages less than Rs.15,000
  • EPF members drawing monthly wage of less than Rs.15,000 who made exit from employment during COVID Pandemic .
  • The employee should have been in served from 01.03.2020 to 30.09.2020 and is employed on or after 01.10.2020.

Central Govt.will provide subsidy for two years in respect of new eligible employees engaged on or after 01.10.2020. 

The subsidies will be at following scale:

  • ESTABLISHMENTS EMPLOYING UP TO 1000 EMPLOYEES: Employee’s contributions (12% of Wages) & Employer’s contributions (12% of wages) totalling 24% of wages
  • ESTABLISHMENTS EMPLOYING MORE THAN 1000 EMPLOYEES: Only Employee’s EPF contributions (12% of EPF wages)

2)EMERGENCY CREDIT LINE GUARANTEE SCHEME

  • For MSMEs, businesses, MUDRA borrowers and individuals (loans for business purposes), has been extended till March 31, 2021.
  • Credit guarantee support scheme ECLGS 2.0 is being launched for Healthcare sector
  • 26 stressed sectors with credit outstanding of above Rs. 50 crore and up to ₹ 500 Crore as on 29.2.2020 stressed due to COVID-19, among other criteria.

Entities will get additional credit up to 20% of outstanding credit with a tenor of five years, including 1 year moratorium on principal repayment.

  • This scheme will be available till 31.3.2021.

3) PRODUCTION LINKED INCENTIVE SCHEME

  • This will give a big boost to economy, investment, exports and job creation.

A total amount of nearly 1.5 Lakh Crore has been earmarked across sectors, for next five years.

The ten sectors are –

  • Advance Cell Chemistry Battery
  • Electronic/Technology Products
  • Automobiles & Auto Components
  • Pharmaceuticals Drugs
  • Telecom & Networking Products
  • Textile Products
  • Food Products
  • High Efficiency Solar PV Modules
  • White Goods (ACs & LED)
  • Specialty Steel.

4)PM AWAAS YOJANA – URBAN

A sum of Rs 18000 cr is being provided for PMAY– Urban over and above Rs. 8000 Crore already allocated this year. 

  • This will help ground 12 Lakh houses and complete 18 Lakh houses , create additional 78 Lakh jobs.
  • This will improve production and sale of steel and cement, resulting in multiplier effect on economy.

5) SUPPORT FOR CONSTRUCTION & INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Relaxation of earnest deposit money & performance security on government tenders is the central idea.

To provide ease of doing business and relief to contractors , performance security on contracts has been reduced from 5-10% to 3%.
 

  • It will also extend to ongoing contracts and Public Sector Enterprises.
  • EMD for tenders will be replaced by Bid Security Declaration.
  • The relaxations in the General Financial Rules will be in force till December 31, 2021.

6) INCOME TAX RELIEF FOR DEVELOPERS & HOME BUYERS

  • Differential between circle rate and agreement value in real estate income tax under Section 43 CA of IT Act has been increased from 10% to 20%.
  • This is for primary sale of residential units up to ₹ 2 Crore (from date of announcement of this scheme, till June 30 2021).

Consequential Relief up to 20% shall also be allowed to buyers of these units under section 56(2)(x) of IT Act for the said period.

  • The Income Tax relief provides incentive to middle class to buy homes.

7) PLATFORM FOR INFRA DEBT FINANCING

Government will make ₹6,000 Crore equity investment in debt platform of National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF).

  • It will help NIIF provide a debt of ₹ 1.1 Lakh Crore for infrastructure projects by 2025.

8) SUPPORT FOR AGRICULTURE

As fertilizer consumption is going up significantly, ₹65,000 Crore is being provided to ensure increased supply of fertilizers to farmers .

  • This will enable timely availability of fertilisers in the upcoming crop season.

9) BOOST FOR RURAL EMPLOYMENT

Additional outlay of ₹10,000 Crore is being provided for PM Garib Kalyan Rozgar Yojana to provide rural employment.

  • This will help accelerate rural economy.

10) BOOST FOR PROJECT EXPORTS

  • ₹3,000 Crore boost is being provided to EXIM Bank .

This is for promoting project exports under Indian Development and Economic Assistance Scheme (IDEAS Scheme).

  • This will help EXIM Bank facilitate Lines of Credit development assistance activities and promote exports from India.

11) CAPITAL AND INDUSTRIAL STIMULUS

₹10,200 Crore additional budget stimulus is being provided for capital and industrial expenditure . 

  • Domestic defence equipment
  • Industrial infrastructure
  • Green energy

12) R&D GRANT FOR COVID VACCINE

  • ₹900 Crore is being provided to Department of Biotechnology.
  • This is for Research and Development of Indian COVID Vaccine.

BACKGROUND

BACKGROUND - AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs  has announced 12 key measures, as part of Government of India’s stimulus to the economy, under AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0.
  • The net stimulus announced today amounts to ₹ 2.65 Lakh crore.

Total stimulus announced by the Government and Reserve Bank of India till date works out to ₹ 29.87 lakh crore, which is 15% of national GDP.

  • Out of this, stimulus worth 9% of GDP has been provided by the government.
     SOURCES:  PIB  | AatmaNirbhar Bharat 3.0 | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : SCHEMES

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