Action Responsibility and Compassion| Rajasthan| COVID-19 | 8th April 2020

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IASbhai Editorial Hunt

There will be obstacles. There will be doubters. There will be mistakes. But with hard work, there are no limits.– Michael Phelps

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020.

EDITORIAL 47:“A script of action, responsibility and compassion

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL/EDITORIALS FOR UPSC CSE MAINS 2020

Ashok Gehlot is the Chief Minister of Rajasthan

 

      HEADLINES:

A script of action, responsibility and compassion

      CENTRAL THEME:

The Coronavirus Containment Programme in Rajasthan has been intense and proactive; challenges are being met

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health

      MAINS QUESTION:

Bhilwara district of Rajasthan was one on the few hotspot which reached its climax in early days of community transmission days. Critically Analyse -(GS 3)

      LEARNING: 

This article will teach you:

  • How to empower the downtrodden community during difficult times.
  • Technological intervention to a pandemic,
  • Governance model of a state to handle worse conditions.

      INTRODUCTION: 

More than 400 patients have recovered, thanks to the relentless efforts of our medical practitioners and administrative machinery.

As Albert Einstein once said, in the midst of every crisis, lies great opportunity.

This is the time to start improving our health-care management, formulating a cooperative Centre-State relationship to build a health-care network, and ensuring that equipment and personal protective equipment (PPE) is available to all practitioners.

Rajasthan, for instance, had pathology laboratories during the Swine flu outbreak in the year 2009-10 in each division. These laboratories were augmented without any loss of time this time.

      BODY: 

RAJASTHAN FIGHTS BACK

BACKROUND:

  • The Corona Containment Programme in Rajasthan has been the most intense and proactive.
  • As early as February 2020, I chaired multiple meetings and video conferences and also the sensitisation programmes of all cadres of health professionals and administrators.
  • The Jaipur SMS Medical College was chosen as the nodal centre for the containment programme; it now has 1,200 beds with adequate distancing and adequate supplies of PPE.
  • There are 500 ventilator beds, now being increased to 3,000 beds.
  • The results have been very encouraging. Of 7,000 cases tested, 200 have been found positive, with four unfortunate deaths.
  • The rest have either recovered or are in the process of recovery.

ONGOING TREATMENT PROCESS:

  • The treatment protocol followed by our experts at the SMS hospital had cured three Italian patients and many more with a track record of no mortality so far solely due to COVID-19 infection.
  • Rapid response teams have been monitoring all the hotspots, tracing contacts and working to isolate cluster zones.
  • Door-to-door screening has been the hallmark of our COVID Containment programme.

CASE STUDY :

Bhilwara: Once the epicentre of COVID-19 infections, Bhilwara has now become a case study in containing the spread of the novel coronavirus.

  • This was one of the very first challenges as we were unaware of the nature and scope of the spread of this virus.
  • Moreover, in most cases where doctors have been a source or carriers of infection, the number of cases had spiralled, making it difficult to contain the spread.
  • Thus, an uncompromising and firm approach towards lockdown of the district along with a specific structural standard operating procedure was worked out.
The Triple-T method, i.e. ‘Tracing, Testing and Treatment’ was made mandatory.

RESULT SUMMARY:

  • Strict adherence to quarantine norms and meticulous screening of more than 32 lakh people, resulted in the curbing of a number of COVID-19 infections in Bhilwara.
  • This very procedure is being followed now for the entire State where more than five crore people have been screened till now. Ruthless containment was the key.
  • A congested, dense locality, it makes observance of social distancing very difficult.

PLANNING:

  • A “Unity of Command and Unity in Communication” system, which is very useful in dealing with crises, has been implemented.
  • An emergency war-room, with deployment of senior Indian Administrative Service officers and officials from multiple departments, has been activated at the State-level for round-the-clock monitoring.
  • Rajasthan has identified one lakh beds for quarantine if the need arises.
  • A call centre has received over 18,000 calls regarding lockdown-related grievances; these were resolved in no time.
  • Three additional help lines have been created to deal with medical grievances.
  • But Rajasthan rose to the challenge and made all arrangements for their food, stay and screening.
  • Cooked food packets for daily wagers, street vendors and needy people who are not covered under the National Food Security Act (NFSA), are being provided free of cost.

SOCIAL SECURITY MEASURES

  • A relief package of ₹2,500 crore for the weaker sections and sustenance grants of ₹2,500, for 31 lakh construction workers, factory workers and street vendors, and destitutes have been disbursed.
  • More than 78 lakh social security pensioners have been given two months pension directly into their accounts.
  • Essential ration supply has been sent to every gram panchayat, so that the patwari/gram sewak may give it to the people in need.
  • Home delivery of essential commodities is being facilitated.
  • Pregnant and lactating women are being tracked to ensure institutional delivery, immunisation and essential food and nutrition.
  • We have created a helpline to ensure food and fodder for stray animals and birds and our teams are working in close coordination with non-governmental organisations and Gaushalas.
  • Distribution of free food grains to all beneficiaries of the NFSA is being done in the State.
  • Fifteen lakh small and marginal farmers and the Scheduled Tribe farmers would be given free hybrid seeds (maize and bajra) for the coming kharif crop.
  • Interest-free crop loan of ₹8,000 crore will be disbursed in Kharif 2020, which will benefit 20 lakh farmers.
  • Fixed charges in the electricity bills of establishments are being deferred.

The State government has also given relief given to the hotel and tourism industry by giving them reimbursement of State Goods and Service Tax for three months up to June 2020 and relaxation in excise fees.

EMPOWERING STATES

  • Although additional funds need to be pumped in, preferably prioritising them in proportion to the population and number of COVID cases in respective States, others can be given aid in equitable proportions.
  • This can be executed with the active participation and consultation of the States and also with the Goods and Services Tax Council or on the standards formulated by the Inter-State Council.
  • The government of India should establish standard protocol to ensure transportation of essential commodities so that the supply chain of essential items is maintained during the lockdown.
  • A one-stop-shop solution should be made available by the government of India to States for the procurement of medical equipment such as ventilators and PPE kits instead of having each State Government running from pillar to post in search of manufacturers and suppliers.
  • The government of India needs to facilitate sufficient health infrastructure and PPE kits for doctors and medical staff.
  • The Central Health Ministry needs to make it easier to procure them by issuing suitable standardisation and pricing.

      IASbhai Windup: 

LOOKING AHEAD

  • I would like to believe that the world would be a very different place once this pandemic is over.
  • I hope we ‘recognise’ that the people in the forefront of this fight do not discriminate while saving lives, lending help, and restoring harmony.
  • Their commitment towards their duty and society is the greatest investment in nation-building today.
  • And, therefore, there cannot be a more fitting example than these testing times to realise the importance of compassion and humanity.
  • We are a country with one of the richest examples of heritage, culture, ethnicity and demography. We thrive on our diversity.
  • So let us not make the mistake of rising out of the COVID-19 crisis and then succumb to divisive politics.

May this pandemic teach us to be better human beings.


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