Annual TB Report 2020 | UPSC

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Annual TB Report 2020 UPSC

Annual TB Report 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Dr Harsh Vardhan releases Annual TB Report 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

24.04 lakh TB patients notified in 2019; 18% rise over 2018

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3 : Health : Diseases : Reports

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to digest this report . Analyse these numbers and do not mug them . Look at the trends and of course NIKSHAY platform !

For MAINS well we have sorted this out clearly in this article . Use these points like an opportunity with answers on MDR TB.

      CONTEXT: 

ANNUAL TB REPORT 2020 ANALYSIS :

THE KEY ACHIEVEMENTS INCLUDE:

  • NOTIFIED PATIENTS : Around 24.04 Lakh TB patients have been notified in 2019.
  • PERCENTAGE INCREASE :This amounts to a 14% increase in TB notification as compared to the year 2018.
  • ONLINE NOTIFICATIONS : Achieving near-complete on-line notification of TB patients through the NIKSHAY system.
  • MISSING CASES : Reduction in the number of missing cases to 2.9 lakh cases as against more than 10 lakhs in 2017.
  • PRIVATE SECTOR NOTIFICATIONS : Private sector notifications increased by 35% with 6.78 lakh TB patients notified.
  • AFFECTED CHILDREN :Due to easy availability of molecular diagnostics, the proportion of children diagnosed with TB increased to 8% in 2019 compared to 6% in 2018.
  • HIV TESTING : Provision of HIV testing for all notified TB patients increased from 67% in 2018 to 81% in 2019.
  • TREATMENT SUCCESS RATE : Expansion of treatment services has resulted in a 12% improvement in the treatment success rate of notified patients.

  In 2019 it is 81% compared to 69% in 2018.

  • DOT CENTERS : More than 4.5 lakh DOT Centers provide treatment covering almost every village across the country.
  • SDG GOALS : To align with the ambitious goal, the programme has been renamed from Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) to National Tuberculosis Elimination Program (NTEP)’.
  • EXPANSION OF LABS : The National TB Elimination Programme (NTEP) has expanded both the laboratory network as well as diagnostic facilities to cover the entire country.

NIKSHAY :

NIKSHAY expanded the provision of four Direct Benefit Transfers (DBT) schemes of the programme

    1. Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY) to TB patients
    2. The incentive to Treatment Supporters
    3. Incentive to Private Providers and
    4. Transport incentive to TB patients in the notified tribal areas

NI-KSHAY-(Ni=End, Kshay=TB) is the web enabled patient management system for TB control under the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP).

DEVELOPED BY :

It is developed and maintained by the Central TB Division (CTD), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre (NIC), and the World Health Organization Country office for India.

NEW QUARTERLY RANKING APPROACH :

“The salient feature of this year is that for the first time Central TB Division (CTD) introduced a quarterly ranking on TB elimination efforts by all the states and UTs.

SALIENT FEATURES OF PARMETERS :

  • Treatment linkage of drug resistant TB patients,
  • HIV testing of TB patients,
  • Nutritional assistance to TB patients in the form of NIKSHAY Poshan Yojana (DBT),
  • Universal Drug Susceptibility Testing (UDST) coverage among notified TB patients,
  • TB Preventive Therapy (TPT) coverage and Financial expenditure are included in the assessment criteria.

BEST PERFORMERS :

  • ABOVE 50 LAKH POPULATION : In the categories of larger states with more than 50 lakh population, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh were awarded as best performing States.
  • BELOW 50 LAKH POPULATION : In the category of smaller states with less than 50 lakh population, Tripura and Nagaland were awarded.
  • UNION TERRITORY : In the category of Union Territory, Dadara and Nagar Haveli, and Daman & Diu were chosen as the best performers.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The ranking will surely encourage all the States/UTs to improve their performance to attain their targets.
  • Early accurate diagnosis followed by prompt appropriate treatment is vital for ending TB.
  • To End TB by 2025, expansion of TB services and addressing determinants of TB that are beyond health, through a multi-sectoral approach is necessary.

We need to come together to fight against TB and the stigma surrounding it.

     SOURCES:PIB | Annual TB Report 2020 | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Reports and Analysis

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