Biden – India’s Foreign Policy 2020 | UPSC

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 10th Nov 2020

“You may be disappointed if you fail, but you are doomed if you don’t try.” – Beverly Sills

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #233 :“Biden – India’s Foreign Policy 2020 | UPSC

Biden - India's Foreign Policy | UPSC

Chinmaya R. Gharekhan
Biden – India’s Foreign Policy 2020 | UPSC

Chinmaya R. Gharekhan, a former Indian Ambassador to the United Nations, was Special Envoy for West Asia in the Manmohan Singh government

      HEADLINES:

Under Biden, unfurling India’s foreign policy concerns

      CENTRAL THEME:

After good ties with Trump, New Delhi must track how the new administration deals with China and Iran, respectively

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      MAINS QUESTION:

Has Joe Biden been a friend of India? Discuss the strategic alliance of U.S. administration and its impact on India. (GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • West Asia and U.S.
  • Biden’s Approach and India
  • Biden’s Electoral commitments
  • Quad Dynamics and China
  • Handling Iran

      INTRODUCTION: 

  • ABRAHAM ACCORDS : Mr. Trump’s only real achievements in foreign policy were the agreements on establishment of diplomatic relations that he negotiated between Israel and a couple of the Gulf States.
  • WEST ASIA DILEMMA : The Saudis and Mr. Netanyahu cannot be sure what policy President-elect Joe Biden will adopt on the questions of West Asia peace plans and the nuclear deal with Iran.
  • JOINT COMPREHENSIVE PLAN OF ACTION : JCPOA — which President Barack Obama negotiated when Mr. Biden was the Vice-President.

For India, there are two foreign policy issues which are of great concern and interestChina and Iran in that order.

  • BIGGEST EQUATIONS : For the world, the equation between the United States and China may be the relationship of the greatest consequence.
  • HUGE STAKES IN WEST ASIA : What happens in greater West Asia will always remain of concern to us since we have a huge stake in that region.

      BODY: 

BIDEN’S APPROACH AND INDIA

  • CIVIL NUCLEAR DEAL 2008 : As the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Biden worked towards co-sponsored several legislations on countering terrorism.
  • BIDEN’S MANIFESTO : My dream is that in 2020, the two closest nations in the world will be India and the United States.
  • DEEPENING STRATEGIC ENGAGEMENTS : The Obama-Biden Administration also named India a “Major Defense Partner” – a status approved by the US Congress.

This was crucial since it was for the first time that any country was given this status, outside of the US’s traditional alliance system. 

  • DEEPER MILITARY COOPERATION : At the end of the Obama administration, the two sides signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA).

Later on, Trump administration signed the remaining foundational pacts – COMCASA and BECA.

  • COUNTER TERRORISM MEASURES : “Biden believes there can be no tolerance for terrorism in South Asia – cross-border or otherwise”, –his campaign document .
  • STATE SPONSORED TERRORISM : While there is not much he said during his time in the administration on Pakistan-sponsored terrorism.

New Delhi hopes that he will be carrying forward the legacy of the US administration’s approach towards India-Pakistan when it comes to cross-border terrorism.

  • RULE BASED ORDER : “A Biden Administration will also work with India to support a rules-based and stable Indo-Pacific region in which no country threaten its neighbours with impunity.-Biden’s campaign document
  • IMMIGRATION POLICY : Democrats are seen to be more liberal on immigration, Biden is expected to be softer towards Indians who go to the US to study, work and live there.

Biden - India's Foreign Policy | UPSC

BIDEN’s ELECTORAL COMMITMENTS

  • Biden promised to support family-based immigration

Increase the number of visas offered for permanent, work-based immigration 

  • Reform the temporary visa system for high-skill, specialty jobs
  • Eliminate the limits on employment-based green cards.
  • Restore the naturalisation process for green card holders.

QUAD DYNAMICS AND CHINA

  • FOUNDATIONAL AGREEMENTS : Recently India signed all the ‘foundational’ agreements with America and bought billions of dollars worth of military hardware from them.
  • QUAD DYNAMICS : We resisted converting the Quad into a primarily military or strategic grouping, (what China perceives it to be) and is in fact aimed solely at containing China.

The Quad is an anti-China coalition.How far it can be successful in containing the Dragon remains to be seen.

  • FORMALISATION IN FUTURE : Quad will have to be institutionalised and expanded by adding additional members such as Taiwan and South Korea.

It is highly likely that India too will be forced to agree to some form of military alliance at a future date.
 

      IASbhai Windup: 

HANDLING IRAN

  • TURNING THE ADVENTURISM : As for Iran — Mr. Biden’s policy will be of great interest to us — it may be difficult for Mr. Biden to quickly reverse Mr. Trump’s adventurist policy towards Iran.

It may not be possible, given the domestic compulsions, to readopt JCPOA in its original form.

  • ESTABLISHING PEACE : Biden will surely, if slowly, engage Tehran in talks and negotiations through Oman or some other intermediary, to reduce tensions in the region.
  • ROAD TO WEST ASIA : India should hope that he will not maintain the harsh unilateral sanctions that Mr. Trump imposed on Iran.

We may be able to buy Iranian oil, and sell our pharma and other goods to that country.

  • CHABAHAR PORT : New Delhi may also feel less constrained in investing openly in oil and other infra projects in Iran, including the rail project in which Indian Railways Construction Ltd has been interested.

Over the last 20 years, every US President had differences on many issues, but if there was one common theme on which all of them agreed was this: a stronger relationship with India.

SUGGESTED READING : EXPLAINED : AMERICA’s ELECTIONS 
       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Biden – India’s Foreign Policy 2020 | UPSC

 

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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