Challenges for NEP 2020 | UPSC

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Challenges for NEP 2020

Challenges for NEP 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Education and NEP

      WHY IN NEWS:

What has the draft National Education Policy, 2020 proposed? What are the major challenges?

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Education

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS this is a very important issue . Kindly write separate answer on this . We have aggregated major points here .

      ISSUE: 

The National Education Policy, 2020 is meant to provide an overarching vision and comprehensive framework for both school and higher education across the country.

  • The Union Cabinet approved a new National Education Policy on July 29, after a 34-year gap.
  • NOT DISCUSSED YET : The new NEP, approved by the Cabinet, has not been presented in Parliament.

It is only a policy, not a law.

  • FINAL IMPLEMENTATION : Implementation of its proposals depends on further regulations by both States and the Centre as education is a concurrent subject.

WHAT ARE THE KEY PROPOSALS?

  • CURRICULAR STRUCTURE : The NEP proposes to change the school curricular structure from the current 10+2 (Class 1-10 of general education followed by two years of higher secondary school with specialised subjects) with a 5+3+3+4 structure.
  • VOCATIONAL TRAINING : A mission for foundational literacy and numeracy, free breakfasts being added to free lunches in government schools, vocational education along with internships from Class 6.

A new umbrella regulator has been proposed with separate verticals for regulation, standard setting, accreditation and funding.

  • GLOBAL REACH : Top foreign universities will be allowed to set up campuses in India.

WHAT IS THE TIMELINE FOR IMPLEMENTATION?

  • LONG-OVERDUE : The policy is meant to transform the education system by 2040.

Some proposals will be implemented immediately, starting with the change in the name of the Ministry of HRD into the Ministry of Education.

  • There are over 100 action points from the Policy.
  • Implementation will be done in phases, based on time, region and types of institutions with Institutes of Eminence (IoEs)
  • Central Universities will be taking the lead.

FEW VISIBLE CHANGES

  • MULTIPLE ENTRY-EXIT : Four-year undergraduate degrees with multiple entry-exit options will be introduced in the 20 IoEs from the 2020-21 academic year.
  • EXISTING STUDENTS : Existing M.Phil students can continue until they complete their degree, although new admissions for the programme will not be accepted.
  • NATIONAL TESTING AGENCY : The National Testing Agency will introduce a pilot version of the common entrance test by December 2020, which will be used for admission to all IoEs and central universities in 2021.
  • ACADEMIC CREDIT BANK : Some IIT’s are working on developing the technical structure of the Academic Credit Bank, which will also be established by December.
  • NUMERACY MISSION : The National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission which is to be implemented by 2025 will be launched by the end of this year.
  • NEW FRAMEWORK : The NCERT will introduce the curricular framework for the new school structure, including early childhood care, by the next academic year.

WHERE DO THE DIFFICULTIES LIE?

  • LEGAL MANDATE : Some of the proposals require legal changes.
  • HECI : The draft Higher Education Commission of India Bill has been languishing in the Ministry for over a year, but is likely to be published for feedback by September.
  • AMENDMENTS : The proposal for a Board of Governors for universities may also require amendments of the Central and State Universities Acts.
  • ACT : A Cabinet note has already been moved to set up the National Research Foundation as a trust under the government, but in order to make it a fully autonomous body, an Act may be required.
  • BUDGETARY ALLOCATION : Free breakfasts can only be considered in the next academic year if a budget allocation is made to cover it.
  • FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE : The process of converting affiliated colleges into degree granting autonomous institutions needs financial assistance for the states.

The Ministry feels that an increase in funding of education to 6% of GDP will overcome the financial implications of the NEP.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • UNACCOMPLISHED TARGETS : Such an increase in funding has been proposed but not achieved for the last half-century.
  • MEDIUM OF EDUCATION : The proposal to make the mother tongue the medium of instruction till Class 5, which has stirred up the fiercest debates, is dependent on State governments.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU | Challenges for NEP 2020 | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : GS-2 

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