CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC | The Hindu Analysis | 6th April 2020

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC (THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS2020.

The most difficult thing is the decision to act, the rest is merely tenacity.– Amelia Earhart

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 INS Tir

      HEADLINES:

NCC Cadets Embarked Onboard INS Tir Return from Overseas Deployment

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Overseas Deployment of 1TS ships was curtailed due to the COVID 19 pandemic and the ships returned to harbour on 04 Apr 20 after completing a 14-day quarantine period at sea.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence:INSV

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS features , specs and this initiative must be noted !

For MAINS do we require more such special vessels for training and induction programme ?

      ISSUE: 

INS Tir, a cadet’s training ship of Indian Navy under Southern Naval Command (SNC) with 14 Naval Wing NCC cadets from different parts of the country embarked, returned to Kochi on completion of Overseas  Deployment of the “First Training Squadron”(1TS).

INS TIR

  • INS Tir (A86) (Hindi Arrow) is the first dedicated cadet’s training ship to be built by Mazagon Dock Limited and commissioned as such by the Indian Navy.
  • She is the senior ship of the 1st Training Squadron of the Southern Naval Command.
  • INS Tir was commissioned on 21 February 1986.
Sensors on board Tir include Decca Radar and a SATNAV (Satellite Navigation) system.
  • She can carry up to 293 people on board, though her typical deployment is with 20 instructors and staff and 120 cadets.
  • INS Tir is named after HMIS Tir, a River-class frigate of the Royal Indian Navy, earlier transferred from the Royal Navy where she served in World War II as HMS Bann (K256).
  • The NCC cadets had embarked INS Tir on 29 Feb 20 & were given maximum exposure on various facets of life at sea through a structured training programme, with special emphasis on the role of Indian Navy.
The cadets also gained immensely from regular interaction with Indian Naval officers as also the foreign sea riders and trainees from Maldives, Seychelles, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Myanmar who were also embarked onboard the ship.

INS Tir (A86).JPG

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The crew of the ships and NCC cadets are presently undergoing an additional 14-day quarantine period in harbour as a precautionary measure.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Empowered Group # 6

      HEADLINES:

Empowered Group chaired by CEO NITI Aayog, constituted by Government of India

      WHY IN NEWS:

Empowered Group # 6 on Coordinating with Private Sector, NGOs, and International Organisations for COVID-19-related Response Activities

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:Governance

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through the features and significance .

For MAINS look out for its reach and impact !

      ISSUE: 

Empowered Group number 6 is constituted to address the issues pertaining to identification of problems, effective solutions and formulation of plans with three groups of stakeholders:

The UN agencies, World Bank, Asian Development Bank

-Civil Society Organisations and development partners

-Industry associations – CII, FICCI, ASSOCHAM, NASSCOM

SIGNIFICANCE:

INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS

EG 6 had detailed meetings with UN Resident Coordinator for India, and country heads of WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNDP, ILO, UN Women, UN-Habitat, FAO, World Bank, and Asian Development Bank.

CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS

  1. EG 6 conducted detailed deliberations  with 40 plus prominent CSOs and NGOs working in different parts of the country and with different communities. Several challenges and issues raised by these CSOs were addressed by the EG6 to faciliate their working in the field during this crisis.
  2. CEO NITI Aayog has written to over 92000 NGOs/ CSOs registered on the Darpan portal of NITI Aayog.
  3. Further, CEO has written to all Chief Secretaries urging them to instruct the local administration at the district level to utilise the physical and human resources made available by NGOs and CSOs.

INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS:

  1. The committee has opened up cross-sectoral dialogue within the private sector and start ups to engender collaboration among them to produce health equipment and PPEs. 
  2. The start-ups, namely, AgVa, Biodesign Innovation Lab, Kaeaenaat, Qure AIDrona Maps, mFine, MicroGo, Staqu, working on innovative ventilator designsn, testing tools, and tracking solutions have been contacted separately to understand their scale and possible contributions.
  3. Industry representatives have also shared in detail the activities undertaken in public advocacy, philanthrophy, CSR by way of running factory kitchens for preparing, distributing free food in coordination with local administration; making available factory hospitals/ premises/ guest houses as quarantine and shelter facilities.
  4. Industry Representatives  and the EG 6 deliberated in detail and resolved several challenges on critical issues of  health-care intervention, pertaining to ramping up production and procurement of ventilators, PPEs, testing kits, in collaboration with several other EGs;  apart from the ways to step up the relief and rehabilitation and information dissemination.
  5. The EG6 has shared with all stakeholders the Government’s response so far- procurement of PPEs and ventilators, role of MEA, communication to CSs of all States, letter to 92,000 CSOs, putting the stakeholders in touch with each other, immediate solutions to the bottlenecks being faced by private sector in coordinating response.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Further, synergies have been created by linking the specific issues raised by connecting the industry to other Empowered Groups dealing with procurement (EG 3), logistics (EG 5) and several other EGs.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Power Grid

      HEADLINES:

FAQs on Power Grid operations during light out

      WHY IN NEWS:

Myths busted !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Power
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:3:PSU:Energy

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS let us understand a Maha-ratna company today !

For MAINS can you explain the transmission losses occur during

      CONTEXT: 

POWERGRID

Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID), is an Indian state-owned electric utility company headquartered in Gurugram, India. POWERGRID transmits about 50% of the total power generated in India on its transmission network.

OBJECTIVES:

  • Undertake transmission of electric power through Inter-State Transmission System.
  • To ensure development of an efficient, coordinated and economical system of inter-state  transmission lines for smooth flow of electricity from generating stations to the load centres.
  • Efficient Operation and Maintenance of Transmission Systems.
  • Restoring power in quickest possible time in the event of any natural disasters like super-cyclone, flood etc. through deployment of Emergency Restoration Systems.
  • Provide consultancy services at national and international levels in transmission sector based on the in-house expertise developed by the organization.
  • Participate in long distance Trunk Telecommunication business ventures.
  • Ensure principles of Reliability, Security and Economy matched with the rising / desirable expectation of a cleaner, safer, healthier Environment of people, both affected and benefited by its activities.

VISION:

World Class, Integrated, Global Transmission Company With Dominant Leadership in Emerging Power Markets Ensuring Reliability, Safety and Economy.

ALLAYS ALL DOUBTS ABOUT GRID INSTABILITY:

Question 1: Are only domestic lights to be switched off or are street lights, common area lighting,  essential services etc lights also to be switched off between 9 – 9:09 pm?

Answer:  Only domestic home lights in the houses have to be put off voluntarily as appealed by our Hon’ble PM. It is again reiterated that no street lights, common area places, hospitals and other essential services have to switch off their lights.

Question 2: Are my domestic appliances safe during the said switching off of home lights ?

Answer: All your domestic appliances will be  safe. There is no need to switch off Fans, ACs, Fridges etc. Indian Electricity Grid is well designed to handle such kind of load variation and has several in- built  levels of control and safety mechanisms to absorb any kind of frequency changes occurring due to such load variation. Thus, all the domestic appliances will be totally safe and hence should be kept in normal functioning mode as per the requirements.

Question 3 : Whetheradequate arrangements and protocols are in place to handle grid stability during light out event on 5th April at 9:00 PM to 9.09pm ?

Answer :  Yes, all adequate arrangements and standard operating protocols are in place to maintain grid stability.

Question 4: Is it compulsory or voluntary to switch off lights?

Answer :   Voluntary . As already  said only domestic home lights have to be put off .

Question 5: Some apprehensions have been expressed that this may cause instability in the grid and fluctuation in voltage which may harm the electrical appliances.

Answer : These apprehensions are totally misplaced. These are normal phenomenon and the Indian Electricity Grid is well designed to handle such load variation and frequency changes as per standard operating protocols.

Question 6 : Whether our grid management and technology deployed will withstand the fluctuation that light out may cause ?

Answer : Indian electricity grid is robust and stable and employs state-of -art technology. It has in place necessary control and protective elements capable of handling such kind of fluctuations in demand at any instant of time.

Question 7 :  Whether appliances like fan, Refrigerators ,  AC, etc should be switched off or kept in the on mode?

Answer : All your domestic appliances would be safe. These appliances should be operated normally as per requirements by the consumers. No need at all to especially switch off at 9pm.

 Question 8 : Whether Street Lights will go off.

Answer : No.

Infact, all States/UTs/ Local bodies have been advised to keep the street lights on for public safety.

Questions 9: Whether Hospitals or other emergency and important installations will face light out.

Answer : No, the lights in Hospitals and all other essential services like Public Utilities, Municipal Services, Offices, Police Stations, Manufacturing Facilities, etc will remain on. The call given by Hon’ble PM is to just switch off lights in residences.

Question 10: The load of home-lightings alone is around 20% of the total load. Would a sudden disconnect of 20% load not destabilise the grid? What measures will the Ministry take?

Answer : Domestic lighting load is much less than 20 per cent. Such kind of reduction in demand can be easily managed for which standard technical operating protocols are in place.

Question 11: Will there be load shedding ? If yes what will be the impact ?

Answer : No load shedding is planned.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

In 1980, the Rajadhyaksha Committee on Power Sector Reforms submitted its report to the Government of India suggesting that extensive reforms were needed in the Indian power sector.

In 1981, the Government of India took a policy decision to form a National Power Grid, which would pave the way for the integrated operation of the central and regional transmission systems.

In October 23, 1989 under the Companies Act, 1956, the National Power Transmission Corporation Limited was formed, and assigned the responsibility of planning, executing, owning, operating and maintaining the high voltage transmission systems in the country.

In October 1992 , the National Power Transmission Corporations name was changed to Power Grid Corporation of India Limited, as we know of it today.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

The mystery of low German COVID-19 fatality rates

      HEADLINES:

The mystery of low German COVID-19 fatality rates

      WHY IN NEWS:

Early, aggressive testing, well-equipped ICUs, and faith in the government resulted in a remarkably low death count

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS the secrets oof low fatality rate have been explained below !

      ISSUE: 

They call them corona taxis: Medics outfitted in protective gear, driving around the empty streets of Heidelberg, Germany, to check on patients who are at home, five or six days into being sick with the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

 

No magic formula: A medical employee conducting a testing demonstration in Munich, Germany, in March.

HIGH ENGAGEMENT

WHY IS GERMANY’S DEATH RATE SO LOW?

The virus and the resulting disease, COVID-19, have hit Germany with force: According to Johns Hopkins University, the country had more than 92,000 infections as of midday Saturday, more than any other country except the U.S., Italy and Spain.

With 1,295 deaths, Germany’s fatality rate stood at 1.4% compared with 12% in Italy; around 10% in Spain, France and Britain; 4% in China; and 2.5% in the United States.
  • There are several answers to this question, experts say — a mix of statistical distortions and very real differences in how the country has taken on the epidemic.
  • The average age of those infected is lower in Germany than in many other countries.
  • The average age of contracting the disease remains relatively low, at 49.
  • In France, it is 62.5, and in Italy 62, according to their latest national reports.
  • Another explanation is that Germany has been testing far more people than most nations.
  • That means it catches more people with few or no symptoms.

MORE ICU UNITS

But there are also significant medical factors, epidemiologists and virologists say, chief among them early and widespread testing and treatment, plenty of intensive care beds and a trusted government whose social distancing guidelines are widely observed.

  • By the time Germany recorded its first case of COVID-19 in February, laboratories had built up a stock of test kits.
  • By now, Germany is conducting around 3,50,000 coronavirus tests a week, far more than any other European country.
  • Early and widespread testing has allowed authorities to slow the spread of the pandemic by isolating known cases while they are infectious.
  • Further, all across Germany, hospitals have expanded their intensive care capacities.
  • And they started from a high level.
  • In January, Germany had some 28,000 intensive care beds equipped with ventilators, or 34 per 1,00,000 people.
  • By comparison, that rate is 12 in Italy and 7 in the Netherlands.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

By now, there are 40,000 intensive care beds available in Germany.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Tests, treatment free under Ayushman Bharat

      HEADLINES:

Tests, treatment free under Ayushman Bharat

      WHY IN NEWS:

More than 50 crore beneficiaries can get free services in designated private hospitals across India

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Diseases: Schemes

      ISSUE: 

The Central government has decided to provide free testing and treatment of COVID-19 under the Ayushman Bharat Scheme.

 

Expanding coverage: States are in the process of enlisting private hospitals to be converted.

KEY POINTS:

  • This will help more than 50 crore Ayushman beneficiaries to get free testing and treatment in designated private hospitals across India.
  • Confirming this, Indu Bhushan, CEO of Ayushman Bharat, said this would allow beneficiaries to get timely and standard treatment.
  • The announcement comes after India registered an increase of 302 cases in the 12 hours to Sunday morning.
  • The total number of positive cases has risen to 3,374 in India (including 3,030 active cases, 267 cured/discharged/migrated people and 77 deaths), according to the Health Ministry.
These tests would be carried out as per the protocol set by Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) and by private labs approved/registered by the ICMR. Similarly, treatment of COVID-19 by private hospitals will be covered under AB-PMJAY.”

PRIVATE SECTOR

  • Making testing and treatment available under Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY will significantly expand our capacities by including private sector hospitals and labs and mitigate the adverse impact of this catastrophic illness on the poor.”
  • Information on symptoms, testing and treatment for the disease can be accessed from the website of the Health Ministry and by calling the national COVID-19 helpline 1075.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The objective of the decision was to increase the supply of testing and treatment facilities and increase access by roping in the private sector through AB-PMJAY scheme as per the ICMR guidelines.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

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