CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC| The Hindu | PRELIMS 2020 | 1st April 2020

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS(THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS2020.

The most common way people give up their power is by thinking they don’t have any.– Alice Walker

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Ayurveda’s immunity boosting measures

      HEADLINES:

Ayurveda’s immunity boosting measures for self care during COVID 19 crisis

      WHY IN NEWS:

In the wake of the Covid 19 outbreak, entire mankind across the globe is suffering.

MINISTRY?AYUSH
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

We all know that prevention is better than cure. While there is no medicine for COVID-19 as of now, it will be good to take preventive measures which boost our immunity in these times.
  • Ayurveda, being the science of life, propagates the gifts of nature in maintaining healthy and happy living.
  • Ayurveda’s extensive knowledge base on preventive care derives from the concepts of “Dinacharya” – daily regimes and “Ritucharya – seasonal regimes to maintain healthy life.
  • It is a plant-based science.

Ministry of AYUSH recommends the following self-care guidelines for preventive health measures and boosting immunity with special reference to respiratory health.

 GENERAL MEASURES

  1. Drink warm water throughout the day.
  2. Daily practice of Yogasana, Pranayama and meditation for at least 30 minutes as advised by Ministry of AYUSH (#YOGAatHome #StayHome #StaySafe)
  3. Spices like Haldi (Turmeric), Jeera (Cumin), Dhaniya (Coriander) and Lahsun (Garlic) are recommended in cooking.

 AYURVEDIC IMMUNITY PROMOTING MEASURES

  1. Take Chyavanprash 10gm (1tsf) in the morning. Diabetics should take sugar free Chyavanprash.
  2. Drink herbal tea / decoction (Kadha) made from Tulsi (Basil), Dalchini (Cinnamon), Kalimirch (Black pepper), Shunthi (Dry Ginger) and Munakka (Raisin) – once or twice a day. Add jaggery (natural sugar) and / or fresh lemon juice to your taste, if needed.
  3. Golden Milk- Half tea spoon Haldi (turmeric) powder in 150 ml hot milk – once or twice a day.

 SIMPLE AYURVEDIC PROCEDURES

  1. Nasal application – Apply sesame oil / coconut oil or Ghee in both the nostrils (PratimarshNasya) in morning and evening.
  2. Oil pulling therapy- Take 1 table spoon sesame or coconut oil in mouth. Do not drink, Swish in the mouth for 2 to 3 minutes and spit it off followed by warm water rinse. This can be done once or twice a day.

DURING DRY COUGH / SORE THROAT

  1. Steam inhalation with fresh Pudina (Mint) leaves or Ajwain (Caraway seeds) can be practiced once in a day.
  2. Lavang (Clove) powder mixed with natural sugar / honey can be taken 2-3 times a day in case of cough or throat irritation.
  3. These measures generally treat normal dry cough and sore throat. However, it is best to consult doctors if these symptoms persist.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Enhancing the body’s natural defence system (immunity) plays an important role in maintaining optimum health.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

ICAR issues Advisory to farmers for Rabi crops

      HEADLINES:

In wake of COVID-19 spread, ICAR issues Advisory to farmers for Rabi crops

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has issued following Advisory for harvesting and threshing of Rabi crops

MINISTRY?Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Agriculture:Cropping Pattern

      ISSUE: 

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has issued following Advisory for harvesting and threshing of Rabi crops and post-harvest, storage and Marketing of farm produce in the wake of COVID-19 threat:

HARVESTING & THRESHING OF CROPS

Amidst the threat of COVID-19 spread, the rabi crops are approaching maturity.

Harvesting and handling of the produce including its movement to the market are inevitable as the agricultural operations are time bound.

However, famers are to follow precautions and safety measures to be taken to prevent the disease spread.

Simple measures include social distancing, maintaining personal hygiene by washing of hands with soap, wearing of face mask, protective clothing and cleaning of implements and machinery.

Workers to follow safety measures and social distancing at each and every step in the entire process of field operations.

  • Harvesting of wheat is approaching in several northern states through combine harvesters and their movement within state and between states has been permitted.
  • Mustard is the second important rabi crop, manual harvesting is in progress and threshing is due wherever already harvested.
  • Harvesting of lentil, maize and chillies is in progress and gram is fast approaching.
  • Sugarcane harvesting is at peak and is also time for manual planting in the north.
  • Measures of personal hygiene and social distancing to be followed by those engaged in harvesting of all field crops, fruits, vegetables, eggs and fishes before, during and after executing the field operation.
  • In case of manual field operations of harvesting/ picking, accomplish the operation in 4-5 feet spaced strips assigning one strip to one person. This will ensure adequate spacing between the engaged labours.

POST-HARVEST, STORAGE AND MARKETING OF FARM PRODUCE

  • While performing drying, threshing, winnowing, cleaning, grading, sorting and packaging operations at the farm level, wearing of protective face mask may help against aerosols and dust particles to prevent respiratory difficulties.
  • Ensure proper drying prior to storage of harvested grains, millets, pulses at farm/home and do not use reuse previous seasons jute bags to prevent pest infestation. Use treated and dried gunnies after soaking in 5% neem solution.
  • Adequate pre-cautions to be taken for storage of produce at the farm in jute bags that are made available in sufficient numbers to farmers or in nearby cold storages/ godowns / warehouses, if needed for better price realization.
  • Adequate personal safety measures to be taken for loading and transporting of farm produce and while participating in sale at market yards/ auction platforms.
  • Precautions to be followed for direct marketing/ supply of vegetables such as tomato, cauliflower, green leafy vegetables, cucumbers and other cucurbits from farms.

STANDING FIELD CROPS

  • Rabi Paddy in grain filling stage in southern states is widely affected due to neck blast incidence, adequate precautions to be taken while spraying of recommended fungicide by contract sprayers/ farmers.
  • In case of any unseasonal rain at harvesting stage in paddy, spray 5% salt solution to prevent seed germination.
  • In horticultural crops at fruiting stage such as mango, while carrying out field operations related to nutrient sprays and crop protection adequate precautions in handling of inputs, mixing, delivery and washing of equipment is to be undertaken.
  • In summer pulses in rice fallows, whitefly management with proper safety measures may be taken up to prevent yellow mosaic virus incidence.

The following Agricultural and allied activities have been exempted from the lockdown:

  1. Veterinary hospitals
  2. Agencies engaged in procurement of agriculture products, including MSP operations
  3. ‘Mandis’ operated by the Agriculture Produce Market Committee or as notified by the State Government
  4. Farming operations by farmers and farm workers in the field
  5. Custom hiring centres (CHC) related to farm machinery
  6. Manufacturing and packaging units of Fertilizers, Pesticides and Seeds
  7. Intra and inter-state movement of harvesting and sowing related machines like combined harvester and other agriculture/ horticulture implements

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

These exemptions will facilitate unhindered activities related to agriculture and farming so as to ensure essential supplies and farmers do not face any difficulty during the lockdown.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/PIB/CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 ‘Stranded in India’ portal

      HEADLINES:

Ministry of Tourism launches  ‘Stranded in India’ portal  to help foreign tourists stuck in various parts of India

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, with an aim to extend support to the foreign tourists who are stranded in India, has come up with a portal to disseminate information regarding the services that can be availed by foreign tourists who are stuck far away from their home land.

MINISTRY?Ministry of Tourism
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:3:Portal:Migration

      ISSUE: 

The portal is titled ‘Stranded in India’ and aims to act as a support network for foreign tourists stuck in various parts of the country.

 

  • The entire world is facing a truly unprecedented situation arising out of coronavirus and it is a constant endeavour to ensure the wellbeing of tourists, especially the ones that travel from foreign countries.
  • Accordingly, the Ministry of Tourism is constantly staying vigilant and encouraging various initiatives to help the ones in need.

 

2020-03-31 12:14:15.263000

 

The portal strandedinindia.com consists of the following information:

a) Comprehensive information around COVID-19 helpline numbers or call-centres that the foreign tourists can reach out to for help.

b) A variety of information around Ministry of External Affairs control centers along with their contact information.

c) Information around state-based/regional tourism support infrastructure.

d) Help Support section to extend help to the ones in need of further information and connect foreign tourists to concerned authorities.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The website will be featured on the Tourism Website and prominent Ministry of Tourism channels.

SUGGESTED READING : www.strandedinindia.com
     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Dharamshala International Film Festival (DIFF)

      HEADLINES:

Captive audience: film festivals come home

      WHY IN NEWS:

DIFF sets up online viewing room

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Film Festival

      ISSUE: 

DIFF will be showcasing a set of four to six films every couple of weeks.

Films can offer comfort in these uncertain times, say festival organisers.

DHARAMSHALA INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL (DIFF)

DIFF is presented by White Crane Arts & Media Trust, which promotes contemporary art, cinema and independent media practices in the Himalayan areas of India.

It aims to create events, spaces and opportunities to nurture, encourage and develop contemporary forms of creative expression in the region.

All year round thousands of visitors from all over India and the world stream through its narrow streets, drawn by the beauty of its mountain setting and its unusual mix of Indian, Tibetan and international cultures.

MORE FESTIVALS

Meanwhile, Jio Mami Mumbai Film Festival With Star, even as it opened for entries for its next edition in November, has begun sharing a comprehensive list of films across 21 years that have been screened at the festival and in their year round programme, also pointing out the streaming platforms where these titles can be accessed.

The festival came up with the first list of international and Indian (both features and shorts) films for the year 2019 on Sunday.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Crowded with multi-cuisine restaurants, cafes, bookshops, and video parlours, McLeod Ganj exudes a cosmopolitanism that belies its size, making it the perfect location for the Dharamshala International Film Festival.

SUGGESTED READING : https://diff.co.in/about-diff/
     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

SC upholds right to discuss COVID-19

      HEADLINES:

SC upholds right to discuss COVID-19

     WHY IN NEWS:

It asks the media to publish official version to avoid panic; government told to issue a daily bulletin

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:Fundamental Rights

      ISSUE: 

The Supreme Court on Tuesday upheld the right to free discussion about COVID-19, even as it directed the media to refer to and publish the official version of the developments in order to avoid inaccuracies and large-scale panic.

KEY POINTS:

It ordered the government to start a daily bulletin on COVID-19 developments through all media avenues in the next 24 hours.

Request from the Central government that media outlets, in the “larger interest of justice”, should only publish or telecast anything on COVID-19 after ascertaining the factual position from the government.

  • “Any deliberate or inaccurate” reporting by the media, particularly web portals, had a “serious and inevitable potential of causing panic in larger section of the society”.
  • Creating panic is also a criminal offence under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, the Ministry said.
  • But the court took a view balancing free press and the need to avoid panic in society during an unprecedented crisis.
  • “We expect the media [print, electronic or social] to maintain a strong sense of responsibility and ensure that unverified news capable of causing panic is not disseminated.
  • We do not intend to interfere with the free discussion about the pandemic, but direct the media refer to and publish the official version about the developments,” .

Noting that the 21-day nationwide lockdown was “inevitable” in the face of an “unprecedented global crisis” like the COVID-19 pandemic, the government blamed “fake and misleading” messages on social media for creating widespread panic, which led to mass “barefoot” journey of migrant workers from cities to their native villages in rural India.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

FAKE NEWS

“Deliberate or inadvertent fake news and material capable of causing a serious panic in the minds of the public is found to be the single most unmanageable hindrance in the management of this challenge…

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Three quasi-subspecies of virus in circulation

      HEADLINES:

Three quasi-subspecies of virus in circulation, says ICMR

      WHY IN NEWS:

Scientists yet to classify variant as Indian strain

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

A mixture of three quasi-subspecies of SARS-CoV-2 is in circulation in India, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) said on Tuesday. These imported variants showed no differences from how they behaved in the place of origin. Scientists are yet to classify a SARS-Cov-2 variant as an Indian strain.

A representational image of the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

KEY FACTS:

“India’s COVID-19 cases were mainly from people with travel history and their immediate contacts, which is to say that this virus was brought in from outside.

We are not seeing any variation from what is being seen on how this strain is behaving around the world.

So there is no difference in its severity.

However, in a large country like India, it’s difficult to predict an accurate trend about the progression of COVID-19 because we still don’t have enough time gap between the upswing of cases.”

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Progression in terms of cases could not be compared with any other country as of now and people should be looking at the risk of exposure and adherence to physical distancing.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

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