THE DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS-21st DECEMBER- IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS: 21st DECEMBER

 

“I have no special talent. I am only passionately curious.” ― Albert Einstein

 

Apache attack helicopters

      HEADLINES:

Army to sign deal for six Apache attack helicopters

      WHY IN NEWS:

22 of them are being inducted by the Air Force

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Defence :  IAF : DAC

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you need to research a little about AH-64 Apache attack Helicopters ! But for now we have done it for you 🙂

For MAINS you have to go in a little background and understand the problems related to MIG fighter planes and helicopters . We assume you have seen a movie “Rang de Basanti” in which the fighter plane crashes 😉

      ISSUE: 

The deal for six AH-64E Apache attack helicopters for the Indian Army, estimated to cost around $930 million, is likely to be signed early next year. These are in addition to 22 Apaches being inducted by the Indian Air Force (IAF).

 

Taking wing: The Apache helicopters will replace the ageing Russian Mi-35 attack helicopters.

 

Currently, the Army Aviation Corps operates only smaller Cheetah and ALH (Advance Light Helicopters) that weigh less than five tonnes.

SALIENT FEATURES:

An Advanced Multi-role Helicopter

The AH-64 Apache is the world’s most advanced multi-role combat helicopter and is used by the U.S. Army and a growing number of international defense forces.

DOUBLE THE ENGINE

Two high-performance turbo-shaft engines allow for a maximum cruise speed of 284 kilometers per hour, or 152 knots.

ADVANCED WEAPONRY

Laser-guided precision Hellfire missiles, 70mm rockets and a 30mm automatic cannon make up the Apache’s attack capabilities.

FEARSOME FOE

The Apache has advanced laser, infrared and target acquisition designation, including other systems, to locate, track and attack targets.

ENDURING CAPABILITIES

Boeing has continually upgraded and enhanced the Apache’s capabilities, and as of August 2013, the aircraft had more than a million combat flight hours.

READY TO SERVE

Boeing has a contract with the U.S. Army to provide logistics support and maintenance throughout the aircraft’s lifespan.

SOURCES : https://www.boeing.com/defense/ah-64-apache/#

 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Boeing has delivered more than 2,200 Apaches to customers around the world since the aircraft entered production. The U.S. Army Apache fleet has accumulated (as of July 2016) more than 4.2 million flight hours since the first AH-64A was delivered to the U.S. Army in January 1984.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

Spectrum auction plan

      HEADLINES: 

Panel okays spectrum auction plan

      WHY IN NEWS:

Over 8,300 MHz, including for 5G services, will be put up in 2020; reserve price fixed at ₹5.22 lakh crore

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: TRAI : Telecommunication

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you have to eye Digital Communications Commission (DCC) .

For MAINS is this a big package to bid for telecom regulators ?

      ISSUE: 

The Digital Communications Commission (DCC) on Friday approved plans to auction over 8,300 MHz of spectrum, including airwaves to be used for offering 5G services, with a reserve price of ₹5.22 lakh crore.

 

 

WHAT IS THE DEAL ?

  • The entire available spectrum — a little over 8,300 MHz across 22 telecom circles with a reserve price of ₹5,22,850 crore — will be put up for bidding.
  • Out of the 8,300 MHZ of airwaves, 6,050 MHZ are allocated for 5G services.

UPFRONT PAYMENT:

  • As per the earlier rules, successful bidders had to pay upfront 25% of the charges for sub-1 Ghz band and 50% of charges for higher frequency bands.
  • Now, “in case the spectrum won is available later… say after six months, after eight months, the upfront payment will be 10% for sub-1 Ghz and 20% for higher frequency bands.

CHALLENGES

  •  With spectrum reserve prices 4 to 6 times higher than that of similar spectrum sold recently in several countries
  • High levels of debt and prevailing financial stress in the sector, telecom service providers will find it very difficult to raise funds to participate in the auctions.
  • The quantum of spectrum in the 5G band being put up for auction will be only 175 MHz, ‘woefully inadequate’ for operators to roll out robust 5G networks and services.

Digital Communications Commission (DCC)

  • DCC was formerly called ‘Telecom Commission’.
  • The Digital Communications Commission (DCC), the highest decision-making body of Department of Telecom (DoT)
  • It is the top decision-making body in Department of Telecommunications (DoT), under Union Ministry of Communications.

Members:

  • Telecom secretary is ex-officio chairperson of DCC. The full-time members of panel include DoT’s Additional Secretary, Member (finance), Member (services) and Member (technology).
  • The part-time members of body are NITI Aayog’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) secretary and Ministry of Electronics and IT secretary.

 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Dissenting note: High reserve prices may make it difficult for telcos to bid

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 


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