DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB -18th March 2020

Spread the love

IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS(THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

With our thoughts, we make the world.-Buddhist proverb

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

      HEADLINES:

Impact of Climate Change on Farmers/National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

      WHY IN NEWS:

The country has initiated action to address the problems likely to arise due to climate change.

MINISTRY?Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Agriculture

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to know NMSA and inter-dependent schemes.

For MAINS go through the objectives and keep a track on the challenges these schemes are facing.

      ISSUE: 

These efforts have provided valuable inputs in terms of the regional and national level impacts of climate variability and climate change on crops, horticulture, livestock and fishery.

NATIONAL MISSION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE (NMSA)

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), one of the Missions under National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC), includes programmatic interventions like :

  • Soil Health Card (SHC),
  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY),
  • Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER),
  • Rainfed Area Development (RAD),
  • National Bamboo Mission (NBM) and
  • Sub-mission on Agro Forestry (SMAF).

UNDER NMSA FOLLOWING TEN DELIVERABLES ARE MONITORED:

i) Area under organic farming,

ii) Production of Bio-fertilizers,

iii) Precision Irrigation,

iv) SRI/ Direct Seeded Rice from Transplantation,

v) Crop diversification,

vi) Additional Area under plantation in Arable land,

vii) Climate Resilient Varieties (CRV) Identified/ Released,

viii a) Identification of genotypes of crops with enhanced CO2 fixation potential and less water consumption & Nutrients,

viii b) Climate Resilient genotypes with greater adaptation to drought, flood, salinity and high temperature,

ix) Coverage of milch animals under ration balancing programme and

x) Establishment of bypass protein feed making unit.

OTHER PROGRAMMES

Prime Minister Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) are ensuring judicious use of natural resources.

National Food Security Mission (NFSM) for inter alia stress tolerant/climate resilient varieties of food grains.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has developed 45 models for climate resilient Integrated Farming Systems (IFS)

An atlas on vulnerability of Indian agriculture to climate change has been prepared by Central Research Institute of Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Hyderabad.

Climate resilient villages have been developed, one in each of 151 districts under the project National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA).

District Agriculture Contingency Plans for 648 districts have been prepared for managing weather aberrations for sustainable agriculture.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

This follows a multi-pronged strategy encompassing strategic research on adaptation, mitigation and demonstration of technologies on farmers’ fields to create awareness, aiming mainly to evolve crop varieties tolerant to climatic stresses like floods, droughts, frost, inundation due to cyclones and heat waves.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Battle-ready LCA Tejas takes to the skies

      HEADLINES:

Battle-ready LCA Tejas takes to the skies

      WHY IN NEWS:

It signifies exemplary team work between various stakeholders, says HAL

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence:LCA tejas

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to know the specifications of LCA Tejas and its role in enhancing Aerial Power of Indian Air force.

For MAINS nothing much here!

      ISSUE: 

The first Light Combat Aircraft Tejas in Final Operational Clearance-standard (SP-21) took to the skies for its maiden flight here on Tuesday, the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited said.

Up in the air: Light Combat Aircraft Tejas in 2017.

LIGHT COMBAT AIRCRAFT TEJAS

Tejas is a single engined, light weight, highly agile, multi-role supersonic fighter.

It has quadruplex digital fly-by-wire Flight Control System (FCS) with associated advanced flight control laws.

The aircraft with delta wing is designed for ‘air combat’ and ‘offensive air support’ with ‘reconnaissance’ and ‘anti-ship’ as its secondary roles.

Extensive use of advanced composites in the airframe gives a high strength to weight ratio, long fatigue life and low radar signatures.

Aeronautical Development Agency is the designated project manager for the development of LCA.

LCA-Production Group (LCA-PG) was launched in 2002 at HAL as the designated manufacturing unit for manufacturing the indigenously designed 4.5 generation aircraft – Tejas being designed by ADA.

ADVANCED FEATURES

The FOC aircraft are equipped with advanced features such as Air-to-Air refuelling and Beyond Visual Range (BVR) missile system.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

This flight signifies exemplary team work among the stakeholders of the LCA Tejas programme such as HAL.“This would pave the way for production of remaining 15 fighters from FOC [Final Operational Clearance] block, which are planned to be delivered during the next financial year.”

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Medical Device Parks

      HEADLINES:

Medical Device Parks

      WHY IN NEWS:

MINISTRY?Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:MED-PARKS: Miscellaneous

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS the objective of establishing any Med Park has to be understood .

For MAINS explain how can be India be a global leader in Medical devices Industry !

      ISSUE: 

Department of Pharmaceuticals under the Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers has a sub-scheme viz. Assistance to Medical Device Industry for Common Facility Center under the umbrella scheme for Development of Pharmaceuticals Industry.

Department of Pharmaceuticals has received four proposals under this sub-scheme from :

(i) Andhra Pradesh Medtech Zone Ltd. (AMTZ), Andhra Pradesh,

(ii) Telangana Medical Device Park, Telangana

(iii) Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation (KSIDC), Kerala &

(iv) HLL, Medipark Ltd (HML), Tamil Nadu.

FEATURES

Financial assistance to the tune of Rs.25 Crore or 70% of the project cost, whichever is less is provided for creation of common facilities under any upcoming Medical Device Park promoted by State Governments/State Corporations.

The objective is to increase the competitiveness, easy access to standard testing facilities and value addition in the domestic Medical Device Industry through creation of such common world class facilities in a Medical Device Park.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The project of Andhra Pradesh Medtech Zone for creation of Common Facility Centre (CFC) for Superconducting Magnetic Coil Testing and Research was given recently.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

UDAY 2.0 Scheme

      HEADLINES:

UDAY 2.0 Scheme

      WHY IN NEWS:

It was a Googly from PIB !

MINISTRY?Ministry of Power
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Schemes

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS we have mentioned why there is a need for revival of DISCOMS and UDAY 2.0;

For MAINS note down the issues related to this scheme. Its very important what how and which kind of up gradation is given to such scheme.

      ISSUE: 

In the Budget speech of year 2020-21, Government have informed Parliament that it would take measures to improve the viability of  Distribution Companies (DISCOMs), and also that the Ministry of Power intends to promote smart metering.
Electricity is a concurrent subject, and the distribution of electricity is handled by the states and state distribution utilities.

However, no new scheme regarding the above has been approved yet.

WHY WE NEED UDAY 2.0?

  • tariffs not being reflective of costs;
  • inadequate budgeting of subsidies;
  • high aggregate technical and commercial (AT&C) losses etc.

STATES HAVE BEEN ADVISED:

  • To clear their Government Department dues and
  • Ensure monthly clearance of the same;
  • Put in place a strict system of energy accounting;
  • Ensure timely payment of subsidy every month;
  • Begin a campaign to reduce AT&C  losses;
  • and conversion of all consumer meters into smart prepaid meters/prepaid meters in a period of 3 years.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Decisions have also been taken in the Government to incentivize and enable states to undertake effective DISCOM reforms; and link central sector schemes to institutional reforms.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Swatantrata Sainik Samman Yojana

      HEADLINES:

Streamlining the process of disbursal of Pension to Freedom Fighters

      WHY IN NEWS:

Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri G. Kishan Reddy, in a written reply to a question on complaints regarding pension to freedom fighters, in Lok Sabha today, said that after sanction of Swatantrata Sainik Samman Yojana (SSSY) pension, the disbursement is done by the banks.

MINISTRY? Ministry of Home Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Schemes

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS this is a old scheme of 1980.Still relevant because it has been renewed in 2016.

      ISSUE: 

As far as non-disbursement of pension is concerned very few complaints are received in Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) which are taken up immediately with the concerned bank for their resolution.

SWATANTRATA SAINIK SAMMAN YOJANA

ELIGIBLITY:

Samman pension is provided to Freedom fighter family include (if the freedom fighter is not alive) mother, father, widower/widow if he/she has not since remarried, unmarried daughters.

Only one person in the family is eligible for getting Samman pension.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SAMMAN PENSION

  • DEFINITION OF A MARTYR: A martyr is a person who was killed due to participation in the freedom struggle of India.
  • IMPRISONMENT : A person who had suffered minimum 6-month imprisonment of participation in freedom struggle is eligible to get pension. Note: Eligibility criteria for women & SC/ST are 3 months for women.
  • PROPERTY : A person whose property was damaged or sold due to participation in the freedom struggle is eligible to get this pension.
  • INCAPACITY : If a person became permanently incapacitated during firing or lathi charge in Freedom struggle, he/she is eligible for this pension.
  • JOB: By participating in freedom struggle if a person lost his Government job he/she is eligible.
  • PUNISHED: Any person was awarded the punishment of 10 strokes of caning/flogging/whipping due to his participation in freedom struggle. He/she is eligible to get Samman pension.
Pension is disbursed through authorized banks.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

As per these guidelines, after death of the pensioner, the pension is transferred to the widow by the concerned bank itself if she applies within 6 months.

After 6 months, the application is referred to MHA for process & grant of pension.

MHA has set up a Pension Disbursement Monitoring Cell (PDMC) to monitor disbursement of freedom fighter pension.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Let us ‘Discuss’

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

Subcribe now for DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS updates !


Spread the love

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.