DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB -21st March 2020- IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS(THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

Dont just follow your dream..so chase them down, grab hold, and dont let go.-Kellie Elmore
HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

“Tech for Tribal”

      HEADLINES:

TRIFED Launches transformational “Tech For Tribals” program in partnership with Institutes of National Importance (INIs) to develop Tribal entrepreneurship

      WHY IN NEWS:

A game changing and unique project aimed to transform 5 crore Tribal Entrepreneurs under the name “Tech for Tribal” has been launched by TRIFED.

MINISTRY?Ministry of Tribal Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:3:Tribes:Technology:Initiatives

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through aim, objective and the fundamentals of this initiative.

For MAINS look out for some marketting opportunities and more capacity building solutions specifically for Indian tribes.

      CONTEXT: 

It was launched on 19thMarch 2020 by TRIFED and IIT-Kanpur along with IIT-Roorkee, IIM Indore, Kalinga Institute of Social Science, Bhubaneshwar and SRIJAN, Jaipurin the first phase of organising tribal entrepreneurship and skill development program.

“TECH FOR TRIBALS” PROGRAM

Tech for Tribals, an initiative of TRIFED supported by Ministry of MSME, aims at capacity building and imparting entrepreneurship skills to tribal forest produce gatherers enrolled under the Pradhan Mantri VanDhan Yojana(PMVDY).

The trainees will undergo a 30 days program over six weeks comprising 120 sessions.

“TRIFED received overwhelming response from all leading higher education institutions in the country for strategizing to infuse best in class training and capacity building for Tribals to start their enterprise.

MISSION:

Working towards greater convergence of various schemes under key Ministries of Government of India, leading national Institutions, Social sector and most of all Industry leaders, and work towards this singular goal of promoting tribal produces in a big way.

IMPACT

This initiative will impact over three lakhs Tribals”.

TRIFED has drawn out a Five Year strategy for 10X impact in Tribal development.

TRIFED under Ministry of Tribal Affairs is establishing 1,200 “Van Dhan Vikas Kendra (VDVK)”, across 28 States engaging 3.6 Lakhs Tribal Forest Produce gatherers.

VAN DHAN VIKAS KARYAKRAM is an initiative targeting livelihood generation for tribal population by harnessing the wealth of forest i.e. Van Dhan.

The programme aims to tap into the traditional knowledge and skill sets of tribal people by adding technology and Information Technology for upgradation of output at each stage and to convert the tribal wisdom into a remunerative economic activity.

One typical VDVK comprises of 15 Self Help Groups, each consisting of 20 Tribal gatherers.

he added.

THE COURSE CURRICULUM WILL INCLUDE:

  • Achievement Motivation and positive psychology,
  • Entrepreneurial Competencies,
  • Identification of locally available NTFP based Business Opportunities,
  • Round the Year capacity utilization,
  • Product positioning – Grading / Sorting,
  • Branding,
  • Packaging,
  • Product certifications,
  • Bankable Project Report preparation,
  • Market Survey,
  • Business Plan Preparation,
  • Distribution Channels– Retail sales, supply contracts with manufacturers,
  • Good Manufacturing Practice(GMP),
  • Total Quality Control(TQC),
  • Hygienic Operations management,
  • Operational and Financial statements,
  • Business Strategy & Growth,
  • Digital literacy& IT adoption, etc.  

MARKETTING

TRIFED also has aggressively pursued their eCommerce strategy with their own website (www.tribesindia.com) and is also available on other major e-com portals such as Flipkart, Snapdeal,Paytm, Amazon India, Amazon Global etc.

To push Government institutional purchases, TribesIndia has a presence in Government eMarket Place (GeM).

National Level Tribal Festivals namely Aadi Mahotsavs, along with other exhibitions, are being organised in various cities all over the country are other efforts being takento expand the marketing opportunities for TribesIndia products and country’s tribal heritage.

TribesIndia outlets are already operational at the airports of Chennai, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Coimbatore, Trivandrum, Pune, Goa, Kolkata.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“All the students, start-ups at our Incubation Centre and alumni will have the opportunity to get directly involved in mentoring Tribal entrepreneurs and help them build sustainable businesses in the districts they operate

Under the Tech for Tribals program, the Partners will develop course contents relevant to Entrepreneurship in Value Addition and Processing of Forest Produces.

TRIFED over the last three years has revamped itself as a network of 120 outlets across the country of which 72 are owned and operated by TRIFED themselves.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana

      HEADLINES:

Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana

MINISTRY?Ministry of Textiles
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:3:Handloom:Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS this scheme is not so important but still we have to go through it. Aim,Objective,Sharing and Beneficiaries.

For MAINS make notes around issues faces by handloom weavers and grievances redressal for the same !

      CONTEXT:

MAHATAMA GANDHI BUNKAR BIMA YOJANA

The Ministry of Textiles is implementing converged Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana (MGBBY) for providing social security benefits like life, accidental & disability insurance coverage to handloom weavers/workers in the age group of 51-59 years across the country, who have already enrolled under the scheme on 31.5.2017.

OBJECTIVE :

The basic objective is to provide enhanced insurance cover to the handloom weavers in the case of natural as well as accidental death and in cases of total or partial disability.

To provide the benefits to all handloom weavers/workers in an effective manner, the Government of India has organized Hasthkala Sahyog Shivirs in handloom clusters across the country in association with State Governments and LIC for creating awareness among the weavers for enrollment under the Scheme.

SHARING:

The annual premium of Rs.470/- is shared as under:

Government of India Rs.290/-
Weaver Rs.80/-
Implementing Agency Rs.100/-
Total Premium Rs.470/-

BENEFITS:

Natural Death Rs.60,000/-
Accidental Death Rs.1,50,000/-
Total Disability Rs.1,50,000/-
Partial Disability Rs.75,000/-

ELIGIBILITY:

1. The weaver should be earning at least 50% of his income from handloom weaving.

2. All weavers, whether male or female, between the age group of 18 and 59 years are eligible .

3. The weavers belonging to the State Handloom Development Corporations/Apex/ Primary Handloom Weavers‟ Cooperative Societies will be covered under the Scheme. Weavers outside co-operative can also be covered under the scheme on a certificate from the State Directorate of Handlooms that they are fulfilling the eligibility conditions.

4. It will be the responsibility of the State Director in charge of Handlooms to verify the eligibility of the weavers who are proposed to be covered under the scheme.

CLAIMS:

The claim benefits are provided by LIC directly into the bank account of beneficiaries through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Ministry of Textiles also regularly organizes awareness programmes and camps through its Weavers’ Service Centres to facilitate enrolment of handloom weavers/workers under Government Flagship Insurance Schemes.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Entrepreneurship in the Country

      HEADLINES:

Development of Entrepreneurship in the Country

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY?Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Skill development

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS these are just accumulation of schemes related to skill development and entrepreneurship.Nothing to worry about except the relevant ministry !

For MAINS remember these schemes for a long long time ! These will fetch you the most important marks in Main 2020 if supported with a beautiful example.

      ISSUE: 

PRADHAN MANTRI YUVA UDYAIMTA VIKAS ABHIYAAN (PM YUVA)

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is implementing a pilot scheme, Pradhan Mantri Yuva Udyaimta Vikas Abhiyaan (PM YUVA) towards creating an enabling ecosystem through entrepreneurship education, training, advocacy and easy access to entrepreneurship network.

PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL KENDRAS (PMKKS)

The scheme focuses on students/trainees and alumni coming out from skilling ecosystem {i.e. Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), Polytechnics, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKKs) and Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS)}.

The scheme covers 10 States and 2 Union Territories.

The scheme envisages creation of 600 new and 1000 scale-up enterprises.

NATIONAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP AWARDS SCHEME

Further, with an aim to promote a culture of entrepreneurship among India’s youth and inspire them to set-up their own enterprises and create employment opportunities for others, a National Entrepreneurship Awards Scheme (NEAS) has been instituted in 2016.

Under the scheme, awards are conferred to aspiring first generation entrepreneurs including women and those individuals/ organizations who are working as eco-system builder in the field of entrepreneurship development.

The awards also seek to highlight model of excellence for others to emulate and improve upon.

ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS AND START-UPS BY WOMEN

Besides,  Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in collaboration with the Deutsche Gesellschaftfür Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (Germany) has launched a pilot project called ‘Economic Empowerment of Women Entrepreneurs and Start-ups by Women’ to support aspiring and existing women entrepreneurs in India.

MUDRA:

In addition, the Government is providing financial assistance in form of loan to entrepreneurs under various schemes viz Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency or MUDRA 

STAND UP INDIA SCHEME:

Stand Up India Scheme implemented by Department of Financial Services (Ministry of Finance),

START-UP VILLAGE:

Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme implemented through Ministry of Rural Development .

RASHTRIYA MAHILA KOSH

Rashtriya Mahila Kosh(exclusively for women) implemented through Ministry of Women and Child Development.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Finland again on Top:World Happiness Report

      HEADLINES:

Finland is again world’s happiest

      WHY IN NEWS:

‘People feel a sense of belonging, trust and enjoy each other’

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:REPORTS

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you should always remember the method of calculation ! We have mentioned it.

For MAINS suggest measures such that the rankings of poor countries can be scaled up in less time .

      ISSUE: 

World Happiness Report asked people in 156 countries to evaluate their own levels of happiness, and took into account measures such as GDP, social support, personal freedom and levels of corruption to give each nation a happiness score.

As in each of the previous seven reports, Nordic states dominated the top 10, along with countries such as Switzerland, New Zealand and Austria.

DEFINITION OF HAPPINESS:

The happiest countries are those “where people feel a sense of belonging, where they trust and enjoy each other and their shared institutions,.

Meanwhile, the countries at the bottom are those afflicted by violent conflicts and extreme poverty, with Zimbabwe, South Sudan and Afghanistan classified as the world’s least happy nations.

India stands at 140th position.

CALCULATION OF World Happiness Report

KEY FACTORS:

  • GDP per capita
  • Social support
  • Healthy life expectancy
  • Freedom to make life choices
  • Generosity
  • Perceptions of corruption
  • Unexplained happiness
Finland’s residents enjoy a high quality of life and security, with rates of inequality and poverty among the lowest of all OECD countries.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Finland’s top spot in the happiness list has previously been met with raised eyebrows in the country whose population of 5.5 million is said to shy away from spontaneous demonstrations of joy, valuing instead the quiet and solitude of the country’s vast forests and lakes.

The country’s long dark winters were reputed to be behind high levels of alcoholism and suicide, but a decade-long public health drive has helped cut rates by more than half.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

Annual Refresher Programme In Teaching (ARPIT)

      HEADLINES:

Government is successfully running online Annual Refresher Programme In Teaching (ARPIT) for professional development of higher education faculty using the MOOCs platform SWAYAM

      WHY IN NEWS:

ARPIT has been launched to enhance the quality of teaching and is a step of government towards “Har Ek Kaam Desh Ke Naam” – Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’

MINISTRY?Ministry of Human Resource Development
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Education:Scheme

      ISSUE: 

More than 1.8 Lakh teachers have already been trained under ARPIT in just two years.

ANNUAL REFRESHER PROGRAMME IN TEACHING (ARPIT)

 

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In a unique initiative to enhance quality of teaching in higher education.

Using the MOOCs platform SWAYAM, the programme was launched in 2018 to fulfil government’s  commitment towards quality education. I

t is a major and unique initiative of online professional development of 15 lakh higher education faculty.

Through ARPIT, new & emerging trends, pedagogical improvements and methodologies for transacting revised curriculum have been imparted to more than 1.8 Lakh teachers in the last two years.

In 2018-19, 37199 teachers were trained under this program whereas in 2019-20 the number has increased tremendously to 146919 which shows a nearly fourfold increase as well as popularity of the programme.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Teachers are the base of education system and ARPIT is a great platform for teachers to learn about latest developments in their field and develop their teaching qualities.

It encompasses both enhancing the quality of teaching as well as learning experience.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca)

      HEADLINES:

8-year-old female leopard rescued in Shirur

      WHY IN NEWS:

Joint team of Wildlife SOS, forest officers bring her safely to Junnar

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:IUCN:Fauna

      ISSUE: 

An adult leopard, which had caused a panic among local residents, was rescued by the Maharashtra Forest Department and Wildlife SOS from a farmhouse in Shirur in Pune district on Thursday.

INDIAN LEOPARD

The Indian Leopard has larger rosettes than the other subspecies, with a paler coat in desert habitats, greyer in colder climes and more ochre in rainforest habitats.

Like other leopard subspecies, the pattern of rosettes is unique to each individual and can be used to tell them apart.

They are sexually dimorphic, with males larger and heavier than females.

THREATS AND CONSERVATION

It is estimated that 12,000-14,000 leopards occur in India, and the population is the most genetically diverse/outbred out of all the subspecies in Asia.

However, the population has been severely affected by poaching for skins and body parts for the illegal wildlife trade; there were more than 3,000 leopards poached in India between 1994 and 2010.

The latest IUCN assessment, which groups all leopard subspecies together as Vulnerable, recommends a full assessment of the Indian Leopard population, as there may now be fewer than 10,000 mature individuals.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a Schedule I species, protected under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 .

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

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