DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB -27th March 2020- IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS(THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

A winner is a dreamer who never gives up.– Nelson Mandela

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

 

1.70 Lakh Crore relief package(PMGKY)

      HEADLINES:

Finance Minister announces Rs 1.70 Lakh Crore relief package under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana for the poor to help them fight the battle against Corona Virus

      WHY IN NEWS:

COVID-19 Relief package.

MINISTRY?Ministry of Finance
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS this scheme is very important ! You have to make separate notes for it and religiously follow them !

For MAINS lets discuss over the funds allotted . Are they sufficient enough ?

      ISSUE: 

The Union Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Smt. Niramla Sitharaman today announced Rs 1.70 Lakh Crore relief package under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana for the poor to help them fight the battle against Corona Virus.

 

  • Insurance cover of Rs 50 Lakh per health worker fighting COVID-19 to be provided under Insurance Scheme
  • 80 crore poor people will to get 5 kg wheat or rice and 1 kg of preferred pulses for free every month for the next three months
  • 20 crore women Jan Dhan account holders to get Rs 500 per month for next three months
  • Increase in MNREGA wage to Rs 202 a day from Rs 182 to benefit 13.62 crore families
  • An ex-gratia of Rs 1,000 to 3 crore poor senior citizen, poor widows and poor disabled
  • Government to front-load Rs 2,000 paid to farmers in first week of April under existing PM Kisan Yojana to benefit 8.7 crore farmers
  • Central Government has given orders to State Governments to use Building and Construction Workers Welfare Fund to provide relief to Construction Workers

COMPONENTS OF THE PRADHAN MANTRI GARIB KALYAN PACKAGE:

PRADHAN MANTRI GARIB KALYAN PACKAGE

I. Insurance scheme for health workers fighting COVID-19 in Government Hospitals and Health Care Centres

  • Safai karamcharis, ward-boys, nurses, ASHA workers, paramedics, technicians, doctors and specialists and other health workers would be covered by a Special insurance Scheme.
  • Any health professional, who while treating Covid-19 patients, meet with some accident, then he/she would be compensated with an amount of Rs 50 lakh under the scheme.
  • All government health centres, wellness centres and hospitals of Centre as well as States would be covered under this scheme  approximately 22 lakh health workers would be provided insurance cover to fight this pandemic.

II.  PM Garib Kalyan Ann (अन्न) Yojana

  • Government of India would not allow anybody, especially any poor family, to suffer on account of non-availability of foodgrains due to disruption in the next three months.
  • 80 crore individuals, i.e, roughly two-thirds of India’s population would be covered under this scheme.
  • Each one of them would be provided double of their current entitlement over next three months.
  • This additionality would be free of cost.

PULSES:

  • To ensure adequate availability of protein to all the above mentioned individuals, 1 kg per family, would be provided pulses according to regional preferences for next three months.
  • These pulses would be provided free of cost by the Government of India.

III. Under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana,

BENEFIT TO FARMERS:

  • The first instalment of Rs 2,000 due in 2020-21 will be front-loaded and paid in April 2020 itself under the PM KISAN Yojana.
  • It would cover 8.7 crore farmers

IV. Cash transfers Under PM Garib Kalyan Yojana:

HELP TO POOR:

  • A total of 20.40 crores PMJDY women account-holders would be given an ex-gratia of Rs 500 per month for next three months.

GAS CYLINDERS:

  • Under PM Garib Kalyan Yojanagas cylindersfree of cost, would be provided to 8 crore poor families for the next three months.

HELP TO LOW WAGE EARNERS IN ORGANISED SECTORS:

  • Wage-earners below Rs 15,000 per month in businesses having less than 100 workers are at risk of losing their employment.
  • Under this package, government proposes to pay 24 percent of their monthly wages into their PF accounts for next three months.
  • This would prevent disruption in their employment.

SUPPORT FOR SENIOR CITIZENS (ABOVE 60 YEARS), WIDOWS AND DIVYANG:

  • There are around 3 crore aged widows and people in Divyang category who are vulnerable due to economic disruption caused by COVID-19.
  • Government will give them Rs 1,000 to tide over difficulties during next three months.

MNREGA

  • Under PM Garib Kalyan Yojana, MNREGA wages would be increased by Rs 20 with effect from 1 April, 2020. Wage increase under MNREGA will provide an additional Rs 2,000 benefit annually to a worker.
  • This will benefit approximately 13.62 crore families.

V. Self-Help groups:

  • Women organised through 63 lakhs Self Help Groups (SHGs) support 6.85 crore households.
  • Limit of collateral free lending would be increased from Rs 10 to Rs 20 lakhs.

VI. Other components of PM Garib Kalyan package

ORGANISED SECTOR:

  • Employees’ Provident Fund Regulations will be amended to include Pandemic as the reason to allow non-refundable advance of 75 percent of the amount or three months of the wages, whichever is lower, from their accounts.
  • Families of four crore workers registered under EPF can take benefit of this window.

BUILDING AND OTHER CONSTRUCTION WORKERS WELFARE FUND:

  • Welfare Fund for Building and Other Constructions Workers has been created under a Central Government Act.
  • There are around 3.5 Crore registered workers in the Fund.
  • State Governments will be given directions to utilise this fund to provide assistance and support to these workers to protect them against economic disruptions.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

DISTRICT MINERAL FUND

The State Government will be asked to utilise the funds available under District Mineral Fund (DMF) for supplementing and augmenting facilities of medical testing, screening and other requirements in connection with preventing the spread of CVID-19 pandemic as well as treating the patients affected with this pandemic.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

G20 commits $5 trillion amid COVID-19

      HEADLINES:

G20 commits $5 trillion amid COVID-19 scare

      WHY IN NEWS:

PM calls for bigger mandate and more funding for WHO that has ‘failed to adapt itself to deal with the new challenges’

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:International Grouping

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS know everything about G 20 today itself.

For MAINS look out for the commitments and interventions made in this session.

      ISSUE: 

The world needs to “redefine” its conversations on globalisation to include social and humanitarian issues such as terrorism, climate change and pandemics along with financial and economic discussions, said Prime Minister Narendra Modi, speaking at a video-conference of leaders of the world’s top 20 economies, the G20, hosted by the Saudi King, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, to discuss the novel coronavirus pandemic.

KEY TAKE AWAY POINTS:

  • G20 countries committed on Thursday to inject more than $5 trillion into the global economy, and contribute to the COVID-19 solidarity response fund led by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • “The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic is a powerful reminder of our interconnectedness and vulnerabilities.
  • The virus respects no borders.
  • “We will share timely and transparent information; exchange epidemiological and clinical data; share materials necessary for research and development; and strengthen health systems globally, including through supporting the full implementation of the WHO International Health Regulations.”
Combating this pandemic calls for a transparent, robust, coordinated, large-scale and science-based global response in the spirit of solidarity,” said a joint statement issued at the end of the extraordinary summit.

MORE INTERACTIONS

Prime Minister Modi, who had first suggested the video-conference, also called for a bigger mandate and more funding for the World Health Organisation, which he said had failed to “adapt itself to deal with the new challenges the international community has faced.”

strong signal to restore confidence in the global economy by resuming, as soon as possible, the normal flow of goods and services, especially vital medical supplies.”

In the effort to control the pandemic, most countries have acted individually he said, stressing the need for a more coordinated effort.

WHO’S ‘FAILURE’

Many countries have been critical of WHO’s failure to alert the world quickly enough of the potential threat from the pandemic.

United States, have been particularly critical of China for not having been transparent and shared information about the pandemic, and have even called for the virus to be named the “Chinese virus” or the “Wuhan virus,” a move China has opposed strongly.

DIFFERENT APPROACHES:

There have been differences in the approach by G-20 countries towards lockdowns in order to control the pandemic spread through social distancing.

  • Mr. Trump had hinted that he wanted to lift the shutdown in the US as it was impacting the economy, saying that the “cure cannot be worse than the problem itself.
  • Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has called state-imposed lockdowns a “crime”.
  • While countries like India have imposed a stringent 21-day lockdown across the country.

Sources said that there had been no “effort to ascribe blame or responsibility” for the pandemic.

They also supported strengthening of the WHO’s mandate in the fight against pandemics, including delivery of medical supplies, diagnostic tools, treatments, medicines and vaccines.

COMMITMENTS:

G20 countries committed to inject over USD 5 trillion into the global economy to counter the social and economic impact of COVID-19.

Leaders also agreed to contribute to the WHO led COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund on a voluntary basis.

PM noted that 90% of the COVID-19 cases and 88% of deaths were in G20 countries even as they share 80% of world GDP and 60% of world population. He called on the G20 to come out with a concrete action plan to fight the global pandemic.

PM called on the Leaders to help usher in a new globalization, for the collective well-being of humankind and have multilateral fora focus on promoting the shared interests of humanity.

PM underscored the need to put human beings at the centre of our vision of global prosperity and cooperation, freely and openly share the benefits of medical research and development, develop adaptive, responsive and humane health care systems, promote new crisis management protocols and procedures for an interconnected global village, strengthen and reform intergovernmental organisations like WHO and work together to reduce economic hardships resulting from COVID-19 particularly for the economically weak.

WHAT IS THE HISTORY OF  ​THE G20?

  • Originated in 1999 at the level of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, the G20 gathered for high-level discussions on macro-financial issues.
  • In the wake of the 2008 global financial crisis, the G20 was elevated to include the leaders of member countries.
  • The first G20 Leaders’ Summit took place in Washington D.C. in November 2008.
  • Consequently, the G20 agenda expanded beyond macro-financial issues, to include socio-economic and development issues.

WHAT IS THE G20?

  • ​​​​​​​​​​​The Group of Twenty, or the G20, is the premier forum for international economic cooperation.
  • The G20 brings together the leaders of both developed and developing countries from every continent. ​
  • Collectively, G20 members represent around 80% of the world’s economic output, two-thirds of global population and three-quarters of international trade.
  • Throughout the year, representatives from G20 countries gather to discuss financial and socioeconomic issues.​

 G20 PARTICIPANTS

  • ​​​​​​​​​​​​The G20 members are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico,  ​Republic o​f Korea​,​ Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, ​​​Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union (EU)​.
  • ​​In addition to the G20 members, other countries are invited to participate. Spain is a permanent guest invitee to the G20 meetings.
  • In 2020, Jordan, Singapore and Switzerland are invited as guest countries. International Organizations that have historically contributed to the G20 work are invited as well.
  • These include the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the Financial Stability Board (FSB), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United Nations (UN), the World Bank Group (WBG), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).​​
    In 2020, regional organizations are also invited, including the Arab Monetary Fund (AMF), the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), as well as Vietnam the Chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), South Africa the Chair of the African Union (AU), the United Arab Emirates the Chair of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and the ​Republic of Rwanda the Chair of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD).​

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Leaders also committed to use all available policy tools to minimize the economic and social cost of the pandemic and to restore global growth, market stability and strengthening resilience.

At the end of the Summit, a G20 Leaders’ Statement was issued which called for a coordinated global response to fight the pandemic, adopting measures to safeguard the global economy, minimising trade disruption and steps to enhance global cooperation.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Trace, test, treat :Korean model

      HEADLINES:

‘Trace, test, treat model helped S. Korea control virus’

      WHY IN NEWS:

Extensive testing was crucial in preventing spread of COVID-19 without drastic lockdowns, says Ambassador Shin Bong-Kil

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Diseases

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS we have to understand the model and the measures taken to tackle.

For MAINS note important interventions made my the Government at necessary intervals.

      ISSUE: 

The Korean Model, a vigorous regime of “trace, test, treat”, has shown remarkable results in controlling the spread of the novel coronavirus, without putting a nationwide lockdown in place, says South Korean Ambassador to India Shin Bong-Kil.

KOREAN WAY:

What is the latest situation with the COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea?

  • I can say Korea is now in full control of the spread of the disease.
  • The number of new confirmed cases per day has been showing steady decline since hitting a peak at 989 in February to double-digit figures as of mid-March.
  • I believe, more importantly, that Korea might be the only country that hasn’t imposed a lockdown within its territories or even of its international borders.

We have our own strict measures to prevent inflow and outflow of the virus but we are sticking to improving the situation without using drastic measures such as closing off our cities or our borders.

HOW HAS THIS BEEN POSSIBLE?

What we call the ‘Korean model’ is grounded on concentrated testing of high-risk areas and clusters.

Korea found out at the beginning of the spread of the virus that a certain religious cult and its gathering was the cause of a large portion of the spread in a certain area of the country.

The government listed all members of the group across the country, tracked their whereabouts and conducted tests on a massive scale, leading to the rapid increase in the number of confirmed cases.

Korea succeeded in identifying and isolating potential cases at a very early stage and finally flattened the curve.

BEST PRACTICES :

The moment the virus DNA pattern was confirmed in Wuhan, Korean medical teams and bio-companies were able to develop new testing kits with surprising speed.

  • This made it possible for Korea to conduct mass-scale testing of 18,000 cases a day.
  • Anybody in Korea who has symptoms or reasons to be tested can get the test within minutes at ‘drive-thru’ or ‘walk-thru’ testing centres and receive the result by text message the very next day.
  • Korea made available over 650 testing centres nationwide.

However, openness and transparency is important to tackling this situation, and identifying and isolating the core of the spread of the virus with full medical capacity at the earliest possible stage is key.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Korean government has repeatedly communicated to the Indian government on what is going on in Korea and how we tackle the virus.

Though India has not asked for help regarding testing kits or medical equipment, we are always ready to extend a hand.

Already, nine Korean companies have received export licenses of testing kits and the Embassy as well as Korean Trade Agency (KOTRA) are willing to facilitate the communication between the Korean companies and those who want to import the kits.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

 Let us ‘Discuss’

 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

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