DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB -29th February 2020- IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS(THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

To be the best, you must be able to handle the worst.-Wilson Kanadi
HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR : Reports/ Theme .

Renewable Energy Management Centers (REMCs)

      HEADLINES:

Union Power Minister dedicates eleven Renewable Energy Management Centers (REMCs) to the nation

      WHY IN NEWS:

Ministerof State (IC) Power and New & Renewable Energy & Minister of State (Skill Development and Entrepreneurship), Shri R. K. Singh inaugurated the Northern Region Renewable Energy Management Centre (NR-REMC) at a function inNew Delhi, on 28th February, 2020.

MINISTRY?Ministry of Power
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Energy:Renewable Sources:

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS Analysis of Impact of Solar Eclipse report is a old report but yet important for this Prelims.

For MAINS we have mentioned all the required data relevant to REMC and its mission , Go through them in depth.

      ISSUE: 

On the occasion, the Minister dedicated to the nation, eleven REMCs, placing India among a league of few nations, which have state-of-the-art management centers(sometimes cutting edge or leading edge)  for renewable energy integration.

The Government of India’s target of 175 GW RE Capacity by 2022 driving accelerated RE penetration poses challenges to the grid management due to intermittent and variable nature of RE generation.

RENEWABLE ENERGY MANAGEMENT CENTERS

OBJECTIVE:

The renewable energy management centers are equipped with Artificial Intelligence based RE forecasting and scheduling tools and provide greater visualization and enhanced situational awareness to the grid operators.

LOCATION:

The Renewable Energy Management Centers (REMCs) are co-located with the State Load Dispatch Centers (SLDCs) in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat & Rajasthan and in RLDCs at Bengaluru, Mumbai and New Delhi and at the NLDC.

Presently, 55 GW of Renewable (Solar and Wind) is being monitored through the eleven REMCs.

IMPLEMENTATION:

Government of India had approved the implementation of the REMCs as a Central Scheme and had mandated POWERGRID, a Maharatna CPSE under Ministry of Power as Implementing Agency.

These REMCs are being managed by Power System Operation Corporation of India Ltd. (POSOCO) at Regional and National level and at State level by State Load Despatch Centres (SLDCs).

ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF SOLAR ECLIPSE

The report on “Analysis of Impact of Solar Eclipse – 26th Dec’19 on Indian Power System” was released in the event by  “’POSOCO‘”.

The report covered various areas such as:

  • Solar generation forecasting,
  • Ramp estimation,
  • Behavior of PV plants during solar eclipse.

The variation in Global Horizontal irradiance during solar eclipse for plants falling in annular and partial eclipse zone have been analysed in the report.

GLOBAL HORIZONTAL IRRADIANCE (GHI)

  • Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) is the total amount of shortwave radiation received from above by a surface horizontal to the ground.
  • This value is of particular interest to photovoltaic installations and includes both Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) and Diffuse Horizontal Irradiance (DIF).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Shortwave radiation (SW) is radiant energy with wavelengths in the visible (VIS), near-ultraviolet (UV), and near-infrared (NIR) spectra. There is no standard cut-off for the near-infrared range; therefore, the shortwave radiation range is also variously defined.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

ICGS -Varad

      HEADLINES:

Shri Mansukh Mandaviya commissions Indian Coast Guard’s Offshore Patrol Vessel ICGS Varad;

      WHY IN NEWS:

ICGS -Varad to enhance Coast Guard’s capability to monitor and maintain vigil of Indian maritime borders.

MINISTRY?Ministry of Shipping
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS specification if ICGS VARAD are important for Prelims 2020.

For MAINS this should add an extra point in your bucket while answering aspects relevant to maritime security and coast management.

      ISSUE: 

Union Minister of State for Shipping (I/C)&Chemicals and Fertilizers Shri Mansukh Mandaviya commissioned Indian Coast Guard’s Offshore Patrol Vessel ICGS Varad today in Chennai.

 

 ICGS Varad

Indian Coast Guard ships will be given priority for berthing and infrastructural requirements at all Indian ports”.

Commissioning of ICGS Varad will enhance the ICGS fleet of ships which will contribute in monitoring and constant vigil for coastal security of Indian maritime borders.

ICGS VARAD

The newly commissioned ICGS Varad with gross tonnage of 2100 tons is 98 mtrslong and has 15 mtrs breadth.

The endurance of the vessel is 5000 nautical miles, with a maximum speed of 26 Knots.

The ship is propelled by 2 diesel driven engines of 9000 KW each, with low level fuel consumption, high TBO and comply to IMO Tier-II norms.

The ship will be fitted with one CRN -91 and two 12.7 mm guns and will be capable of carrying an Integral Twin Engine Helicopter which will enhance its operational, surveillance, and search & rescue capability.

An exponential growth of ship-building industry is perceivedas ICGS Varad has been built indigenously by M/s L&T that will contribute immensely towards the vision of  Make in India.

The 98 meter long vessel has been designed and built by the L&T at its yard at Kattupalli near Chennai, as per the specifications of the Coast Guard.

The ship is fitted with modern navigation and communication equipment, sensors and machinery. It is equipped with 30 mm and 12.7 mm guns.

SPECIAL ONBOARD FEATURES :

  • Integrated Bridge System,
  • Platform Management System,
  • Automated Power Management System and
  • High Power External Fire-Fighting system.
The ship is also capable of carrying pollution response equipment for oil spill response at sea.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The ship will be deployed extensively for the surveillance of India’s Exclusive Economic Zone and to safeguard the maritime interests of the country.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

National Science day Celebrations

      HEADLINES:

President gives away Awards to 21 Winners on National Science day Celebrations

      WHY IN NEWS:

Announces three Key Initiatives for Gender Advancement and Equality in Academic and Research Institutions

MINISTRY?Ministry of Science & Technology
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Schemes: Initiatives :Science and Tech

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS we have already covered National Science day celebrations in our previous articles. Some point have been added now from speech of our Honorable President of India.

For MAINS you should remember these take away points as they come handy with respect to developments in the field of Women vs Science and Tech.

      ISSUE: 

As Per a Recent National Science Foundation (USA) Report, India has already Climbed to the Third Spot In the Number of Science and Engineering Publications
The theme of this year’s  National Science Day is “Women in Science”..
The President said that the basic purpose of the National Science Day is to spread the message of the importance of science. There are two aspects to it – science in itself, as quest for pure knowledge, and science in society, as a tool for enhancing the quality of life.

VIGYAN JYOTI

Vigyan Jyoti is an initiative that will create a level-playing field for the meritorious girls in high school to pursue Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) in their higher education.

Department of Science & Technology (DST) launched this as a dedicated program for girl students to pursue their careers in Science, Engineering and Technology.

The programme aims to encourage and inspire girl students to pursue higher education and become self-reliant and also offers exposure for girl students coming from rural background to help understand how to plan their journey from school to college and thereafter from research to a job of their choice in the field of science.

GENDER ADVANCEMENT FOR TRANSFORMING INSTITUTIONS (GATI)

The Gender Advancement for Transforming Institutions (GATI) will develop a comprehensive Charter and a framework for assessing the Gender Equality in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).

An online portal for science and technology resources for women will provide E-resources related to all women-specific government schemes, scholarships, fellowships, career counseling with details of subject area experts from various disciplines in science and technology, President Kovind highlighted.

President Shri Ram Nath Kovind also conferred national awards for science communication and popularization including women excellence awards for meritorious women scientists.

The awards included:

  • National Science and Technology Communication Awards,
  • Augmenting Writing Skills for Articulating Research (AWSAR) Awards,
  • SERB Women Excellence Awards, and
  • National Award for Young Woman Showing Excellence through Application of Technology for Societal Benefits.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Challenges before us today are multifold and complex. The increasing mismatch between demand and supply of various resources is likely to lead to conflicts in future. We all will have to rely on science and technology in our search for sustainable solutions to these challenges.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Parasite that doesn’t breathe oxygen

      HEADLINES:

Scientists accidentally discover parasite that doesn’t breathe oxygen

      WHY IN NEWS:

The parasite did not have mitochondrial genome and therefore, did not perform aerobic respiration, according to researchers

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Biodiversity:Fauna

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just remember the parasite name !

For MAINS understand how mitochondria works.

      ISSUE: 

Scientists at Tel Aviv University (TAU) have accidentally discovered a parasite that does not breathe in oxygen.

Most animals breathe in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide through a chemical process called aerobic respiration.

This is how they get energy to perform essential functions needed for survival.

HENNEGUYA SALMINICOLA

According to the findings, published in PNAS on February 25, the parasite Henneguya salminicola lived in salmon muscle.

It had a body of only 10 cells.

The discovery has challenged the assumptions about the animal world.

The parasite lived in a salmon muscle.

As it evolved, the animal, which is a myxozoan relative of jellyfish and corals, did not consume oxygen to produce energy.

Myxozoans are a large group of enigmatic, parasitic, cnidarians with complex life cycles that require two hosts, usually a fish and an annelid.

As part of a research project, the genome of H Salminicola was sequenced along with those of other myxozoan fish parasites.

ELEMENTS OF SURPRISE:

Researchers were surprised to find that it did not have a mitochondrial genome and, therefore, lost the ability to perform aerobic cellular respiration.

Mitochondria, called powerhouse of the cell, captures oxygen to produce energy.

 

 

“It’s not yet clear to us how the parasite generates energy,” Huchon said. “It may be drawing it from the surrounding fish cells, or it may have a different type of respiration such as oxygen-free breathing, which typically characterises anaerobic non-animal organisms.”

According to researchers, some single-celled organisms, including fungi and amoebas, have also lost the need to breathe over time.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

However, scientists are yet to understand how the animal produced energy.However, this is the first time the process has been documented in an animal.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

WHO raises global risk of virus to ‘very high’

      HEADLINES:

WHO raises global risk of virus to ‘very high’

      WHY IN NEWS:

New COVID-19cases fall in China but rise elsewhere

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Diseases

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS numbers are mentioned in this article ! Not important . But yes you will understand current status.

For MAINS co-operation of international communities on such issue is mentioned below.

      ISSUE: 

The rapid spread of the COVID-19 outbreak increased fears of a pandemic on Friday, with six countries reporting their first cases and the World Health Organization (WHO) raising its global spread and impact risk alert to “very high”.

A cleaner sanitising a train wagon in Milan, Italy.

 

WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said his organisation was not underestimating the risk. “That is why we said today the global risk is very high,” he told reporters in Geneva.

The virus has now infected 83,000 globally, with cases being confirmed in around 50 countries. More than 2,800 deaths have been reported — the majority in China.

Mainland China reported 329 new cases in the past 24 hours, the lowest there in more than a month, taking its tally to 78,826. The death toll reached 2,788 as of the end of Thursday, up by 44 from the previous day. But as the outbreak eases in China, it is surging elsewhere.

Mexico, Nigeria, Estonia, Denmark, the Netherlands and Lithuania reported their first cases, all with travel history connected to Italy, the worst-affected European country.

Mexico is the second Latin American country to register the virus, after Brazil.

The death toll in Italy rose to 17 and those testing positive rose to 655.

Germany has nearly 60 cases, France about 38 and Spain 23.

South Korea has the most cases outside China. It reported 571 new infections on Friday, bringing the total to 2,337, with 13 people killed.

Confirmed cases in Japan have risen above 200, with four deaths, excluding the more than 700 cases on a quarantined cruise liner, Diamond Princess.

COOPERATION IS KEY

The tourism sector is fully committed to putting people and their well-being first.

International cooperation is vital for ensuring the sector can effectively contribute to the containment of COVID-19.

UNWTO and WHO are working in close consultation and with other partners to assist States in ensuring that health measures be implemented in ways that minimize unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade.

Tourism’s response needs to be measured and consistent, proportionate to the public health threat and based on local risk assessment, involving every part of the tourism value chain – public bodies, private companies and tourists, in line with WHO’s overall guidance and recommendations.

UNWTO and WHO stand ready to work closely with all those communities and countries affected by the current health emergency, to build for a better and more resilient future.

Travel restrictions going beyond these may cause unnecessary interference with international traffic, including negative repercussions on the tourism sector.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Delimitation in NE States

      HEADLINES:

President gives nod for delimitation in NE States

      WHY IN NEWS:

Deferred exercise to be carried out.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:Delimitation commission

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is very important to understand the theory behind Delimitation commission.

      ISSUE: 

President Ram Nath Kovind on Friday cancelled an earlier order of the Union government that deferred the delimitation exercise in the northeastern States of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland.

The latest Law Ministry order noted that there has been a significant improvement in the security situation and a reduction in insurgency incidents, making the situation conducive for carrying out the delimitation exercise now.

The delimitation exercise to readjust the division of each State and Union territory into territorial constituencies for the purpose of elections to the Lok Sabha and to the State Legislative Assemblies on the basis of 2001 census figures was completed by November 26, 2008.

DELIMITATION COMMISSION

The Delimitation commission or Boundary commission of India is a commission established by the Government of India under the provisions of the Delimitation Commission Act.

The main task of the commission is redrawing the boundaries of the various assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies based on a recent census.

The representation from each State is not changed during this exercise.

However, the number of SC and ST seats in a state are changed in accordance with the census.

The present delimitation of constituencies has been done on the basis of 2001 census under the provisions of Delimitation Act, 2002.

The Commission is a powerful and independent body whose orders cannot be challenged in any court of law.

The orders are laid before the Lok Sabha and the respective State Legislative Assemblies.

However, modifications are not permitted.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

However, this exercise under aegis of the Delimitation Commission, was postponed in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland on apprehension of threat to the peace and public order.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Summer to be hotter than usual

      HEADLINES:

Summer to be hotter than usual, says IMD

      WHY IN NEWS:

Above normal heat wave conditions likely in some areas

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:3:Seasons:Earth Science

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS reasons for hot summer months is to be understood.

      ISSUE: 

The summer months from March to May are poised to be hotter than normal, a forecast by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said on Friday.

Rising mercury: The forecast indicates that the March-May season is likely to be hotter.

The forecast indicates that the MAM (March-May) season averaged temperatures are likely to be at least half a degree hotter than normal over northwest, west and central India and some parts of south India.

The season averaged maximum temperature is likely to be warmer than normal in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Rajasthan and Arunachal Pradesh.

Above normal heat wave conditions are also likely in the core heat wave zone during the season (March-May).

KEY TO TIMELY MONSOON

CORE HEAT WAVE ZONE

States of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and Telangana and parts of Maharashtra and coastal Andhra Pradesh.

A hot summer, experts say, is a key factor to a timely monsoon.

However, the impact of a warming ocean and its impact on the monsoon is likely to be more apparent around April when the IMD issues its first forecast for the monsoon.

The southwest monsoon in 2019 (June to September) delivered rainfall 10% above average in the country — the highest in 25 years.

  • In 1994, the rainfall was 110% during the June-September period.
  • Before that, over 10 % above average rainfall was witnessed in 1990 (119%).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

It is likely to be warmer than normal by over 0.5C to <1C over Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Chandigarh and Delhi, west Uttar Pradesh, east Rajasthan, east and west Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, sub Himalayan West Bengal, Gujarat, Saurashtra and Kutch, Konkan and Goa, central Maharashtra, Marathawada, Vidharbha, north interior Karnataka, coastal Karnataka, Rayalaseema and Kerala.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

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