DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB -5th February 2020- IASbhai

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IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS(THE HINDU+LIVEMINT+PIB)

Write it on your heart that every day is the best day in the year -Ralph Waldo Emerson

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

PINK COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

DefExpo 2020

      HEADLINES:

Curtain Raiser – DefExpo 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

It is a flagship biennial event of the Ministry of Defence, Government of India.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS note down the event theme,facts pondering all throughout the article which are happening for the first time.

For MAINS key solutions and the events goal are important while writing any answer for GS 3.

      ISSUE: 

DefExpo-2020, a flagship biennial event of the Ministry of Defence, Government of India, one of the largest events of its kind is being held for the first time in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh from 5th to 9th Feb 2020.
MINISTRY ? Ministry of Defence

The 11th edition of Def Expo promises to bring new technologies, technological solutions, where Defence manufacturing companies from India and abroad showcase their products and services in Defence arena, on a single platform.

DEFEXPO EVENT AND THEME

The main theme of the DefExpo India- 2020 is ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’ and the focus will be on ‘Digital Transformation of Defence’.

Defence Expo 2020 would prove to be an effective platform to showcase the unique products that help achieving the Digital Transformation of Defence, where India’s Defence public sector units, and alsoIndia’s growing private industry and MSME will be bringing their cutting-edge technological products to be showcased to the World.

PARTICIPATION

The number of companies registered for participating in the DefExpo 2020 has reached 1,028.

In the DefExpo 2018, held in Chennai, 702 companies had participated. Thus, it has become by far the biggest ever DefExpo to be held in India.

The number of participating foreign companies has also increased to 172 from the previous figure of 160.

PROGRAM DETAILS

Live Demonstration will be done for systems which are designed/built in India.

The themes of the seminars will be, “Skill Development in Aviation & Defence”, “India – France Defence Industry Seminar”

Indo- Israel -Opportunities in Defence Cooperation- Future Vectors of the Digital Battlefield”.

“US Defence Industry and ‘Make in India’, “Indian Shipyards Going Global : Shipbuilding & MRO”, “Future of Aircraft Carriers, Emerging Global Aerospace & Defence Manufacturing Destination”,

India – Korea Defence Industry Seminar”, “The Wired Warrior :Combat in a Digitised World”,

There will be live demonstration of large platforms and also flying display at the Gomti riverfront and the DefExpo venue.

ORGANIZING TEAM:

The DefExpo 2020 is being organized by Department of
Defence Production, Ministry of Defence.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Other Seminars Themes here are:

“Northern Defence Corridor: Global Investment Opportunity of Gold Standard,

Harnessing Strengths of R&D Establishments,

Academia and MSMEs for Triggering Defence Manufacturing and Exports”

Game Changers in Aerospace & Defence and preparing from the next gen threat”.

“DGQA’s Role in MoD Schemes for Incentivizing Defence Manufacturing”,

Intellectual Property Rights – Concepts and Issues pertaining to Defence Industry”,

and “Countering Rogue Drones”.

     SOURCES:PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

Comprehensive Sexuality Education

      HEADLINES:

Comprehensive Sexuality Education

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Issues related to Society

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS RKSK Scheme and AEP are important. Take a note !

      ISSUE: 

Government of India is implementing the Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) through State AIDS Control Societies in coordination with SCERT using a 16 hours curriculum based module developed by NCERT; for adolescents in both inside and outside formal schools.
MINISTRY ? Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Adolescence Education Programme (AEP)

The programme aims to empower adolescent learners to acquire knowledge of their needs and concerns related to the period of adolescence and develop life skills that enable them to practice informed and responsible behaviours.

Adolescents are equipped with accurate information, knowledge and skills in the specific contexts of the process of growing up and prevention of HIV/AIDS.

Besides this, there is comprehensive integration of the adolescent health needs and concerns into the school education and teacher education system.

Orientation and sensitization is also provided to identified out-of-school adolescents and youth for awareness regarding life skills education.

TARGET GROUPS OF AEP

The target groups of AEP are all learners studying at the secondary and senior secondary level in government, local body and government-aided schools and learners of open schooling systems.

Under School based approach of Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK), there is emphasis on preventive and promotive activities among school going adolescents.

RASHTRIYA KISHOR SWASTHYA KARYAKRAM (RKSK)

In order to ensure holistic development of adolescent population, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) on 7th January 2014 to reach out to 253 million adolescents – male and female, rural and urban, married and unmarried, in and out-of-school adolescents with special focus on marginalized and undeserved groups .

The programme expands the scope of adolescent health programming in India

  • sexual and reproductive health, it now includes in its ambit nutrition,
  • injuries and violence (including gender based violence),
  • non-communicable diseases,
  • mental health and
  • substance misuse.
Two school teachers will be identified and trained as Health & Wellness Ambassadors in every school. They will act as a resource for transacting weekly activity-based health promotion message in the schools.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

A dedicated 24 hour curriculum has been developed which will be rolled out in the country in a phased manner.

     SOURCES:PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

‘Healing Christ’ statue enters URF book

      HEADLINES:

‘Healing Christ’ statue enters URF book of world records

      WHY IN NEWS:

It took 18 months to make the 2,400-kg sculpture

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Awards

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS kindly pay attention to the new organization URF !

      ISSUE: 

A tri-metal sculpture of Jesus Christ, Healing Christ, on the central courtyard of the Believers Church Medical College (BCMC) Hospital in Thiruvalla has entered the Universal Records Forum’s (URF) book of world records.

The tri-metal statue at the Believers Church Medical College Hospital in Thiruvalla, Pathanamthitta, was unveiled in 2014.

A URF team adjudged that the 368-cm tall statue, weighing 2,400 kg, is the largest one of its kind in the world. It took 18 months for sculpting the statue.

Balakrishnan Achary sculpted the statue with an alloy of zinc, copper, and velutheeyam (an alloy of tin and aluminium). 

URF  officially handed over the certificate of recognition, the ‘largest tri-metal Jesus sculpture’, to Metropolitan of the Church Mar Athanaseus Yohan-I at a function on the BCMC premises on February 10.

Universal Records Forum’s (URF)

Founded in 2014, on the 4th of February, Universal Records Forum was the result of one amazing society, to encourage every record holder and give them the deserved platform to showcase their talent, stamina, endurance and achievement in front of the world.

URF VISION

We wish to create a huge record database by maintaining professionalism under each record category and take this foundation to the best level. We wholeheartedly and solely deal with records and outstanding talents from all over the universe. Our duty is to honor the fresh talent with deserved respect.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Anganwadi beneficiaries

      HEADLINES:

7 in 100 anganwadi beneficiaries in cities

      WHY IN NEWS:

Only 55 lakh registered for scheme at urban centres, says response to RTI plea

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:2:Issues related to Society:Women: ICDS

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS this issue will make you understand scarcity of resources when it comes to nutrition and its relevant report Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016-18 has to be digested.

For MAINS fallback of anganwadi’s at urban level has been a major issue. We hope you will include them in answers related to child wasting and malnutrition

      ISSUE: 

For every 100 anganwadi beneficiaries in the country, only seven are in urban areas, according to the government’s response to a Right to Information (RTI) query from The Hindu.

This is primarily because of a severe lack of anganwadis in cities, leading to poor coverage of the government’s flagship programme in early childhood development.

Anganwadis or day-care centres

Anganwadis or day-care centres are set up under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) by the Women and Child Development Ministry to provide a package of six services.

The services include :

  • supplementary nutrition;
  • pre-school non-formal education;
  • immunisation,
  • nutrition and health education;
  • as well as referral services.

The aim of the scheme is to reduce infant mortality and child malnutrition.

BENEFICIARIES

Beneficiaries include children in the age group of six months to six years, and pregnant women and lactating mothers.

While there were a total 7.95 crore beneficiaries of the anganwadi scheme in the country, as on September 30, 2019, only 55 lakh were registered at urban anganwadis, according to the government’s reply on January 28 to the RTI plea.

This is primarily because of an acute paucity(scarcity) of anganwadi centres in urban areas.

There are as many as 13.79 lakh anganwadis operational across the country, out of which 9.31 lakh centres are linked to the government’s web-enabled data entry system called Rapid Reporting System.

Of those anganwadis that can be monitored online, 1.09 lakh centres are in urban areas and the remaining 8.22 lakh were in rural areas of the country.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

As per Census 2011, 32% of India’s 1.2 billion population live in cities, though experts have said that if the definition of an urban settlement was broadened, the share of urban population will be much higher.

A recent first-of-its kind pan-India study on nutrition status, the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016-18, found that 35% of children under five were stunted and 17% were wasted.

It also said 22% of children in the age group of 5-9 years were stunted and 23% were thin for their age. Also, 20% of those in the 10-19 years age group were thin for their age.

NITI Aayog has prepared a draft working paper to strengthen the ICDS programme in urban areas, keeping in mind challenges such as migration and population density.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Agrarian Land

      HEADLINES:

Agrarian Land

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB!

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Agriculture

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS you can pick some factual data updated relevant to agriculture in India.

      ISSUE: 

As per Census 2011, conducted by the Registrar General of India, the total number of agricultural workers in the country have increased from 234.1 million (127.3 million cultivators and 106.8 million agricultural labourers) in 2001 to 263.1 million (118.8 million cultivators and 144.3 million agricultural labourers) in 2011.
MINISTRY ? Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

However, the share of workforce engaged in the agriculture sector (comprising of cultivators and agricultural labourers) has come down from 58.2 per cent in 2001 to 54.6 per cent in 2011.

Migration of agricultural labour from rural to urban areas is a general phenomenon and a natural part of the development process.

The reasons for this shift include, inter alia, better employment opportunities in industry and services, increasing urbanization, low income in agriculture etc.

However, the foodgrain production in the country has continued its upward trend and during 2018-19 also the production is estimated at 284.95 million Tonnes.

As per the Seventh Schedule of Constitution of India, land comes under the purview of State Governments and, therefore, it is for the State Governments to make efforts to increase cultivable land.

VARIOUS STEPS TAKEN BY GOI

  • institutional credit to farmers;
  • promotion of scientific warehousing infrastructure for increasing shelf life of agricultural produce;
  • improved access to irrigation through Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY);
  • provision of Price Stabilization Fund(PSF) to mitigate price volatility in agricultural produce,
  • Scheme for Soil Health Cards;
  • setting up of Agri-tech Infrastructure Fund for making farming competitive and profitable;
  • developing commercial organic farming in North East Region, etc.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Government of India supplements the efforts of the State Governments through various crop development Schemes/Programmes and it has taken several steps to increase total cropped area and to increase agricultural production through increased investment, improving farm practices, rural infrastructure, areas under protective irrigation, delivery of credit, technology, other inputs, extension, marketing etc.

     SOURCES:PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Greenbone report

      HEADLINES:

Maharashtra tops list of States hit by global medical data leak

      WHY IN NEWS:

Details of 120 million Indians freely available on Internet: Greenbone report

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Digital Security:Cyber Crime

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS note down how data has been leaked and you should know briefly about this organisation too.

For MAINS medical ethics are not only concerned with doctor and patients . Its about digital privacy and data security .

      ISSUE: 

Medical details of over 120 million Indian patients have been leaked and made freely available on the Internet, according to a recent report published by Greenbone Sustainable Resilience, a German cybersecurity firm.

Digital distress: A doctor or a hospital is legally bound to maintain patient confidentiality.

The updated report also places Maharashtra at the top of the States affected by the leak.

The first report was published in October last year, in which Greenbone revealed a widespread data leak of a massive number of records, including images of CT scans, X-rays, MRIs and even pictures of the patients.

The follow-up report, which was published in November, classifies countries in the “good”, “bad” and “ugly” categories based on the action taken by their governments after the first report was made public.

India ranks second in the “ugly” category, after the U.S.

The other concern is of fake identities being created using the details, which can be misused in any possible number of ways,”.

PACS SERVERS

Greenbone’s original report says the leak was facilitated by the fact that the Picture Archiving and Communications Systems (PACS) servers, where these details are stored, are not secure and linked to the public Internet without any protection, making them easily accessible to malicious elements.

GREENBONE NETWORKS

Greenbone Networks was founded by leading experts for network security and free software in 2008. 

The company is headquartered in Osnabrück, Germany.

Greenbone Networks offer an open-source solution for vulnerability analysis and management – the Greenbone Security Manager (GSM).

It identifies security risks in corporate IT, assesses their risk potential and recommends actions.

The goal is to prevent attacks by targeting precautionary measures.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

As per the follow-up report, Maharashtra ranks the highest in terms of the number of data troves available online, with 3,08,451 troves offering access to 6,97,89,685 images. The next is Karnataka, with 1,82,865 data troves giving access to 1,37,31,001 images.

The leak is worrying because the affected patients can include anyone from the common working man to politicians and celebrities. In image-driven fields like politics or entertainment, knowledge about certain ailments faced by people from these fields could deal a huge blow to their image.

READ MORE : https://iasbhai.com/greenbone-report-upsc/

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Jana Sevaka App

      HEADLINES:

Karnataka launches door delivery of govt services

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Scheme

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is just a snippet to be remembered as it is a state government scheme launched.

      ISSUE: 

Government services in Karnataka will now be available at the press of a button, with Jana Sevaka, a call and app-based door delivery of various government services.

Jana Sevaka, a call and app-based

The move is part of the government’s efforts to digitize its working and provide relief to citizens who are forced to run from pillar to post between multiple departments to avail basic services such as procuring documents and certificates.

“The initiative is launched with the motive of getting government services delivered to the citizen’s doorsteps,”

There are 53 services that can be availed through this initiative, including police verification certificates, application for pension, income certificates, caste certificates, health card, and even unemployment certificates.

The citizen can call the toll-free number, fix an appointment for a home visit, validate and scan documents, get SMS updates and get the final requested item for a fee of ₹115 in total.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 Let us ‘Discuss’

 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

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