Does China Fear QUAD in 2020 ? | UPSC

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 18th Sep 2020

Everything is either an opportunity to grow or an obstacle to keep you from growing. You get to choose.– Wayne Dyer

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020.

EDITORIAL HUNT #143 :“Does China Fear QUAD in 2020 ? | UPSC

Does China Fear QUAD? | UPSCDoes China Fear QUAD? | UPSC

THANVI MADAN | ASHOK KANTHA
Does China Fear QUAD in 2020 ? | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Is the Quad rising after China’s challenge at the LAC?

      CENTRAL THEME:

The Quadrilateral will be useful, but it will not be the answer to the challenge India is facing

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      MAINS QUESTION:

Can Quad be a perfect solution for meaningful disengagement at the McMahon line ? Comment -(GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • Significance of Quad
  • Quad and China
  • To-do List

      INTRODUCTION: 

The level of troops amassed by China is of a very high order.

  • As India faces China’s challenge over the ground situation at the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

Quad is a maritime coalition in the Indo-Pacific comprising India, the U.S., Japan and Australia.

  • There is hope that the five-point agreement in Moscow last week will bring some peace along the LAC.

      BODY: 

UNPRECEDENTED SITUATION

  • DEFINING POINT : We have had stand-offs along the India-China border in the past, but what’s happening this time is really different.
  • THE ONUS : The responsibility has been placed on the border commanders to move towards early disengagement, de-escalation of troops.

There is need for very active involvement and engagement at diplomatic levels, apart from meetings at the border.

  • BORDER INTRUSIONS : The Chinese have violated previous agreements on the LAC.
  • TRUST DEFICIT : even the Indian Ambassador to China pointed out that there’s been considerable damage to trust between New Delhi and Beijing.
  • DIALOGUE CULTURE : Both China and India are much stronger countries than they were then, and they have dialogue mechanisms despite the kind of violations we have seen.

COUNTER EFFECT

  • RULE BASED ORDER : Try to deter China in the future, to set the rules of the road in the Indo-Pacific, and to ensure that they are maintained, but it’s not an exclusive arrangement.
  • IMPACT :  India’s presence in the Quad did not deter China or the PLA from transgressing the boundary.

Quad can do a little to shape the future balance of power, even the present balance of power.

  • RECOGNISING THE PRESENT : We have to recognise and acknowledge that our relations with China have entered new territory, a much larger jigsaw puzzle .
  • CAPABILITY GAP : Now, as we try and deal with an increasingly aggressive China, the capability gap between India and China is growing.
  • LIMITED USE : When it comes to our continental challenge vis-a-vis China, the Quad will be of fairly limited use to us.

THE NEED OF QUAD

  • CONGLOMERATION : The focus is on including maritime security cooperation, providing alternatives to the Belt and Road initiative, cooperation in 5G, cyberspace etc.
  • QUAD-PLUS :  Things like Quad-plus formats ( post COVID-19 world ) would look like, not just in terms of the kind of healthcare, but also in things like supply chain resiliency.

The fact that we are part of RIC and BRICS and SCO provides a good rationale for more proactive engagement in the Quad setting.

  • HABIT OF CO OPERATION : It is still a question of whether Quad countries can establish more habits of cooperation and interoperability.
  • BUILDING RESILIENCE : What India needs to do most of internal balancing, use these partnerships to build India’s own capabilities.

      IASbhai Windup: 

In the SCO, however India declined to participate in this SCO military exercise .

  • RECENT WALKOUT : The recent walk out of the NSA [National Security Advisers] meeting because of the Pakistanis showing a new map.

TO-DO LIST

  • REQUISITE STRATEGY : What we need to do is to show the requisite strategy, flexibility.
  • MULTILATERALISM : India may consider having multiple partnerships, but they are all not equal.
  • DEMARCATING LINES : This is not a hub and spoke where each of these relationships is equal.

EXAMPLE
India-Russia relationship could potentially create strains with the U.S. as it has over the S-400 (anti-missile system).

Bilateral relations don’t just mean that in the military sense,  they need to act together, that could be like the supposed tsunami in disaster relief too.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Does China Fear QUAD in 2020 ? | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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