Emirates Mars Mission | Hope Orbiter | UPSC

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Emirates Mars Mission _ Hope Orbiter _ UPSC

Emirates Mars Mission | Hope Orbiter | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

UAE’s Hope orbiter is on way to the Red Planet

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Hope mission, also called the Emirates Mars Mission, was first announced in 2014 as a way to spur economic and technological development.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: SPACE

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to understand the aim of this mission , specifications and features .

For MAINS go through the upcoming projects and write down a perfect answer on this issue today itself . Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

UAE’S HOPE ORBITER

AIM

  • The aim of the mission is to understand weather on Mars through all seasons.
  • The study is focused on how atmospheric oxygen and hydrogen escape into space.

Emirates Mars Mission | Hope Orbiter | UPSC

Sources : https://www.emiratesmarsmission.ae

LAUNCH

Mission Hope — the United Arab Emirates first interplanetary mission — took off on a seven-month space exploration from Japan’s Tanegashima Space Centre on July 20, 2020.

  • The mission was originally scheduled for July 14, but was postponed several times due to poor weather conditions.
  • At around 3.30 am Indian Standard Time, the probe was able to successfully established radio communication with ground control on Earth.

BUILT BY

The Mars orbiter was developed through a partnership between :

  1. Mohamed bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC), Laboratory for Atmospheric 
  2. Space Physics at the University of Colorado-Boulder and
  3. Arizona State University (ASU).

HOPE HAS THREE INSTRUMENTS

  • Two spectrometres and
  • One exploration imager (high-resolution camera).

FEATURES

  • While one spectrometre will determine the temperature of the planet through the next year.

The other will measure the oxygen and hydrogen levels at least 40,000 kilometres from the surface of Mars.

  • The imager will provide information on the ozone levels on the Red Planet.
  • Hope orbiter will be there through one Martian year — equivalent to two years on Earth.
  • The UAE Mars mission is joined by the United States and China in the coming days.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Japan has its own Martian moon mission planned in 2024.
  • The Rosalind Franklin rover, a joint effort by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos), has been postponed to 2022 due to the ongoing novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

To date, only four entities have visited Mars. India,NASA, Russia and European Space Agency .If all goes well, the UAE would join that contingent.

DOWNLOAD MISSION : HERE
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Emirates Mars Mission | Hope Orbiter | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : Science and Technology

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