Enhancing NDCs for Food Systems Report | UNEP

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Enhancing NDCs for Food Systems Report _ UNEP

Enhancing NDCs for Food Systems Report | UNEP

      HEADLINES:

UN report flags changes in food system to boost climate action

      WHY IN NEWS:

The pandemic has demonstrated how business need to rebuild food systems.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Reports

      ISSUE: 

Adding diet and food loss to climate change plans can improve adaptation contributions towards food systems by as much as 25%

The report identified ways to address the issue and put it forward in the public domain for policymakers to take action.

Here are few recommendations :

FOOD WASTAGE

  • Adopting SDG 12.3 to cut food waste in half at retail and consumer level and reducing food loss along the supply chain as a national target .
  • Developing a national strategy through a multi-stakeholder process to prioritize policies, measures, awareness-raising and educational programs .
  • Supporting voluntary agreements in the food retail and manufacturing sectors .

Enhancing NDCs for Food Systems Report | UNEP | IAS

Developing separate food waste collection systems, for example using a pay-as-you-throw system .

  • Incentivising food waste recycling .
  • Implementing educational programs to avoiding and reduce food waste .

Encouraging the reuse of food waste for animal feed and organic fertilizer .

  • Promoting the conversion of food waste into biogas through composting and energy recovery
  • Developing waste recycling programs and improved technologies.

UNDERNUTRITION

  • Realigning susbsidies to promote production, processing and consumption of healthy and sustainable
    foods
  • Introducing environment sustainability elements into national dietary guidelines .

Subsidies and social protection mechanisms.

  • Supporting development of front-of-pack nutrition and sustainable food labelling.
  • Banning advertising and marketing of unhealthy and ultra-processed foods.
  • Embedding sustainable food systems and the Planetary Health Diet in school curricula.

SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

  • Promoting investment in infrastructure and technology to prevent post-harvest losses
  • Supporting agricultural research to develop technologies to reduce post-harvest food loss

Building and providing low-cost storage silos for small-scale farmers to store their harvest

  • Increasing investment in building infrastructure, promoting urban-rural links, connecting farmers to markets
  • Diverting unused food to animal feed
  • Reutilizing organic or agricultural waste for energy production.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The report was put forward with more ambitious targets and measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Food security, hunger and food wastage are being discussed largely.

This crisis offers us a chance to radically rethink how we produce and consume food.

  • Especially in the wake of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID -19) pandemic, which exposed the fragility of the food supply chain.
  • Reorienting consumption by halving food waste and catalysing a shift towards more plant-rich diets is also a powerful climate mitigation tool to take advantage of.
     SOURCES:DOWNTOEARTH | Enhancing NDCs for Food Systems Report | UNEP

DISCOVER MORE : REPORTS

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