Environment performance index
India must redouble sustainability efforts: Environment performance index
WHY IN NEWS:
India ranked 168 out of 180 countries; all South Asian countries, except Afghanistan, were ahead of India in the ranking
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Reports and Indices : Environment Performance Index #UPSC
For PRELIMS it is important to remember the parameters on which this report is calculated and the publishers. Do not forget Environment Performance Index is a biennial report .
For MAINS look out for the indices in which India can improve substantially and the variables where we need to focus now !
OVERALL RANKING BEFORE
India’s rank was 177 (with a score of 27.6 out of 100) in 2018.
INDICATORS AND TRENDS
The global index considered 32 indicators of environmental performance, giving a snapshot of the 10-year trends in environmental performance at the national and global levels.
SOURCES : https://epi.yale.edu #INDICATORS
POOR PERFORMANCE SOUTH ASIAN REGION
- EFFORTS :India needs to re-double national sustainability efforts on all fronts, according to the index.
- FOCUS :The country needs to focus on critical issues such as air and water quality, biodiversity and climate change.
- COUNTRIES LAGGING BEHIND INDIA : The 11 countries were — Burundi, Haiti, Chad, Soloman Islands, Madagascar, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoir, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, Myanmar and Liberia.
- All South Asian countries, except Afghanistan, were ahead of India in the ranking.
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SHOULD BE TOP AGENDA
POOR PERFORMANCE :
- India has also scored below the regional average on parameters related to biodiversity and ecosystem services too.
- Among South Asian countries, India was at second position (rank 106) after Pakistan on ‘climate change’.
THE PERFORMANCE ON CLIMATE CHANGE WAS ASSESSED BASED ON:
- Adjusted emission growth rates;
- Composed of growth rates of four greenhouse gases and one pollutant;
- Growth rate in carbon dioxide emissions from land cover;
- Greenhouse gas intensity growth rate;
- Greenhouse gas emissions per capita.
GOOD GOVERNANCE :
GOOD GOVERNANCE VALUES TO BE ADDED
- Real public participation in the policy process,
- Carefully structured regulatory strategy,
- Open debate over goals and programs,
- The presence of a lively media and vibrant non-profits,
- Commitment to the rule of law all correlate with out-performance over time.
- The report makes it clear that we will need new futures, new directions for growth.
- This can’t happen if our natural resources are threatened and our governance systems and practices are failing.
- ‘Green’ growth requires protection and sustainable use of our natural resources.
- It cannot happen if our health is compromised.
SOURCES:DownToEarth | Environment Performance Index | UPSC
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