Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC

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IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 30th Oct 2020

“I would rather die of passion than of boredom.” – Vincent van Gogh

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #216 :“Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC

Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC

 Richard Lachmann | Narayan Lakshman
Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Is the U.S. on the wane(shrink) as a superpower?

      CENTRAL THEME:

The U.S. has an unparalleled position militarily and economically, but faces an ideational problem

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR

      MAINS QUESTION:w

Russian President recently said that China and Germany are soon going to be superpowers. Examine the power distribution and the supremacy of global states -(GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • U.S. as a superpower
  • Rise of other superpowers
  • Challenges ahead for a superpower

      INTRODUCTION: 

Russian President Vladimir Putin recently said that China and Germany are soon going to be superpowers as U.S. influence wanes globally.

  • U.S. AS A SUPERPOWER : For much of the post-war period, there was bipartisan support for an aggressive U.S. foreign policy.
  • MILITARY EXPENDITURE : Members of both parties supported large military budgets for most of the wars that the U.S. initiated, as well as smaller interventions.
  • THE ONLY HALT : The only break for that came well into the Vietnam War when some Democrats and fewer Republicans opposed that war.

      BODY: 

RISE OF SUPER POWERS 

To the extent that there’s a challenge to the U.S. taking an aggressive position around the world, it’s come now.

GERMANY

  • GERMANY AS A SUPERPOWER : Claiming that Germany will be a superpower is an insidious effort to puff up Germany. And the nature of its coalition governments would make it impossible in any case.

RUSSIA

  • RUSSIA AS A GLOBAL GIANT : Its economy remains a basket case. The only thing it produces that anyone wants involves raw materials and energy. 
  • AUTOCRATIC RULE : Russia’s half the economy is controlled through outfits nominally under the state, but which really are tied to President and his cronies.
  • MILITARY AND WEAPONS : The one thing the Russians do have is modern weaponry, and a rebuilt armed forces, but they lack the attributes to be a great power.
  • ECONOMIC REACH : Russians and the Chinese, have unleashed globalisation in economic changes and technology.

UNITED STATES

  • U.S. MILITARY ADVENTURISM : U.S. military has been unsuccessful abroad, it’s not from lack of money; it’s from poor strategy or no local support.
  • CAPITAL EXPENDITURES : The U.S. government’s capacity to deal with domestic issues to provide for its citizens has been declining, This affects on the U.S foreign policy too.
  • FAULT LINES IN U.S SUPREMACY : To adopt a grand strategy of liberal hegemony, spreading democracy markets and other liberal values abroad which constantly tried to shrink the size of the state.

U.S. ROLE IS INDISPENSABLE

  • THE PRESENT JUNCTURE : The U.S. is moving towards a more isolationist model, even as rising powers in other regions are starting to become more assertive .
  • FEDERAL RESERVE : In that area, the U.S. remains indispensable, is recognised by other countries as indispensable, and the Fed has enough autonomy within the U.S. to play that role.

Federal Reserve is seen around the world as the one institution that can generate enough money to sustain the global economy.

  • LACK OF WILL : In the realm of military, the U.S.’s lack of success in Afghanistan and Iraq has had a profound effect.

      IASbhai Windup: 

CHALLENGES AHEAD

  • COMPETITION : Real wages are falling, productivity growth is down, some U.S. companies are losing their competitive edge in global markets to rising powers.

The U.S. national debt is something in the range of $16 trillion and growing.

  • COVID-19 BLOW : The nation’s infrastructure is not in good shape, nor is the healthcare system.
  • SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY : The U.S.’s edge in science and technology is sustained almost entirely by international students come to the U.S.

IRONICALLY : Countries that spend a lot less have longer life expectancy, less illness !

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Global Hegemony and Power Distribution | UPSC

 

TRENDING NOW : Important The Hindu Editorials 

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