Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) | UPSC

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Global Partnership on AI UPSC

Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

India joins Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) as a founding member to support the responsible and human-centric development and use of AI

      WHY IN NEWS:

GPAI is an international and multi-stakeholder initiative to guide the responsible development and use of AI, grounded in human rights, inclusion, diversity, innovation, and economic growth.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Electronics & IT
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2: 3:AI : International Organization : OECD

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to go through aim , objective , significance and the secretariat . We know the list is too long here . But this one is most important issue of this week ! Take a note in your Prelims Book.

For MAINS do you think AI should be part of school curriculum as soon as possible ? If yes how can we make it readily available to class 6th student ?

      ISSUE: 

The OECD will host the Secretariat of the new Global Partnership on AI (GPAI)  

GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP ON AI (GPAI)

 AIM :

Ensuring that Artificial Intelligence is used responsibly, respecting human rights and democratic values.

PARTNERS :

The GPAI will bring together experts from industry, government, civil society and academia to conduct research and pilot projects on AI.

MEMBER NATION  :

Founding members  are : Australia, Canada, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, Slovenia, the United Kingdom and the United States.

OBJECTIVE :

The coalition will ridge the gap between theory and practice on AI policy.

EXAMPLE
 How AI could help societies respond to and recover from the Covid-19 crisis.

PRINCIPLES :

The OECD Principles formed the basis of the G20 Principles on AI endorsed at the Osaka Summit in June 2019.

The GPAI will initially be comprised of four working groups focused on :

  • Responsible AI,
  • Data governance,
  • The future of work, and
  • Innovation and commercialisation.

Global Partnership on AI for UPSC

SIGNIFICANCE :

  • OECD will allow the GPAI to create a strong link between international policy development and technical discourse on AI.

“AI is a truly transformational technology that could play a catalysing role in our response to Covid-19 and other global challenges provided it is developed and used with trust, transparency and accountability,” – OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

  • “The launch of GPAI, an initiative grounded in the OECD AI Principles, marks an important step toward this goal.
  • The OECD is looking forward to building powerful synergies between cutting-edge scientific work envisioned by GPAI and the OECD’s AI policy leadership.”

BACKGROUND :

  • Born out of the Canadian and French G7 Presidencies in 2018 and 2019, GPAI was officially proposed by France and Canada at the Biarritz Summit in August 2019.
  • G7 Leaders then officially welcomed the OECD’s willingness to support their work to advance AI.

GPAI’s GOVERNANCE BODIES :

Under the hosting arrangement being still finalised the governance body will include :

  • Consisting of a Council
  • Steering Committee,
  • Secretariat housed at the OECD.

 The GPAI Secretariat would also liaise with Centres of Expertise in Montréal and Paris.

ONLINE PLATFORM :

The OECD also operates an online platform – the OECD AI Policy Observatory, or OECD.AI – where all players in the AI sphere can share insights and collaborate on shaping AI-related policy.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The platform contains data and information on AI trends and policies in around 60 countries and material from partners in academia and the private sector.

The Observatory brings together work from across the OECD on AI-related measurement and policy issues and will provide a robust basis for analysis and further use by the GPAI.

     SOURCES:PIB | Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : Important GS-3 Issues for Prelims 2020

 

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