Global Tiger Day 2020 | UPSC

Global Tiger Day 2020 _ UPSC

Global Tiger Day 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Union Environment Minister to dedicate Guinness World Record to people of India on the eve of Global Tiger Day

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Conservation of Flora and Fauna : NTCA

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to go through the aim , significance and the theme this year .

For MAINS go through the challenges and the conservation methodologies in India and various other countries.

      ISSUE: 

India is a habitat of 75% of total tigers on the earth

WHY SAVE TIGERS ?

As top predators, wild tigers play an important role in maintaining the harmony of the planet’s ecosystems.

  • By preying on herbivores, tigers help to keep the balance between the prey animals and the forest vegetation which they feed upon.

AIM

Global Tiger Day, often called International Tiger Day, is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on 29 July.

The aim is to promote a global system for protecting the natural habitats of tigers and to raise public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues.
 

THEME 2020

There is no theme as such . But a Slogan is very pronounced –  “Their survival is in our hands”.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • It remains one of the most ambitious conservation goals ever for a single species.
  • Securing the future for tigers is about so much more than just saving an iconic species.
  • If tigers are thriving in the wild, it’s an indicator that the ecosystems in which they live are thriving too.

A WORLD WITHOUT TIGERS

  • It was almost a reality.

By 2010 their numbers had dropped to an all time low of 3,200 and reduced to just 5% of their historical range.

  • But in that same year the world took action to bring tigers back from the brink of extinction.

In an historic moment, 13 countries with tiger populations at the time made a commitment to double wild tigers by 2022.

POACHING

GLOBAL TIGER DAY 2020 _ UPSC IAS

ZERO POACHING TOOLKIT

BACKGROUND

  • It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit.
  • The Heads of the Governments of Tiger Range countries at St. Petersburg, Russia, had resolved to double tiger numbers across their global range by 2022.

The countries thereby , signed the St. Petersburg declaration on tiger conservation.

  • During the said meeting it was also decided to celebrate July 29 as Global Tiger Day across the world.
  • India’s fulfilment of its resolve to double tiger numbers, four years in advance to the target year of 2022.
  • India now has nearly 70% of the global tiger population.

CHALLENGES AND ISSUES

There are a number of different issues that tigers all around the world face.

  • There are a number of treats that are driving tigers close to extinction.

Some of the threats that tigers face include poaching, conflict with humans, and habitat loss.

  • Poaching and the illegal trade industry is a very worrying one.
  • This is the biggest threat that wild tigers face.
  • Demand for tiger bone, skin, and other body parts is leading to poaching and trafficking.
  • We often see tiger skins being used in home decor.
  • Moreover, bones are used for medicines and tonics.
  • This has seen illegal criminal syndicates get involved in the tiger trade in order to make huge profits.

Throughout the world, tiger habitats have reduced because of access routes, human settlements, timber logging, plantations, and agriculture.

HOW TO OBSERVE INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY

  • Wild tiger populations have declined by around 95% since the beginning of the 20th century.
  • There’s now estimated to be around 3,900 wild tigers.
  • Each tiger has a unique set of stripes like a fingerprint – and this helps us identify individuals in the wild.
  • The tiger is officially classed as extinct by the IUCN.

Global Tiger Day 2020 | IUCN

CONTROVERSIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

  • Highways and railway lines – Kanha and Pench tiger reserves.
  • A railway line- Melghat tiger reserve.
  • Ken-Betwa River linking project will submerge – Panna Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh.)
  • Hubli-Ankola Railway Lines – Western Ghats.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us all contribute a little to animal adoptions.

  • Animal adoptions give a huge boost to the ongoing work .
  • They not only help fund projects to work with local communities to monitor tiger movements.

You can take to social media to make sure that your friends, followers, and family members are aware of the different threats that tigers face.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Global Tiger Day 2020 | UPSC

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