Global Tiger Day 2020 | UPSC
Union Environment Minister to dedicate Guinness World Record to people of India on the eve of Global Tiger Day
WHY IN NEWS:
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SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Conservation of Flora and Fauna : NTCA
For PRELIMS it is important to go through the aim , significance and the theme this year .
For MAINS go through the challenges and the conservation methodologies in India and various other countries.
WHY SAVE TIGERS ?
- By preying on herbivores, tigers help to keep the balance between the prey animals and the forest vegetation which they feed upon.
Global Tiger Day, often called International Tiger Day, is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on 29 July.
There is no theme as such . But a Slogan is very pronounced – “Their survival is in our hands”.
- It remains one of the most ambitious conservation goals ever for a single species.
- Securing the future for tigers is about so much more than just saving an iconic species.
- If tigers are thriving in the wild, it’s an indicator that the ecosystems in which they live are thriving too.
A WORLD WITHOUT TIGERS
- It was almost a reality.
- But in that same year the world took action to bring tigers back from the brink of extinction.
In an historic moment, 13 countries with tiger populations at the time made a commitment to double wild tigers by 2022.
ZERO POACHING TOOLKIT
- It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit.
- The Heads of the Governments of Tiger Range countries at St. Petersburg, Russia, had resolved to double tiger numbers across their global range by 2022.
- During the said meeting it was also decided to celebrate July 29 as Global Tiger Day across the world.
- India’s fulfilment of its resolve to double tiger numbers, four years in advance to the target year of 2022.
- India now has nearly 70% of the global tiger population.
CHALLENGES AND ISSUES
There are a number of different issues that tigers all around the world face.
- There are a number of treats that are driving tigers close to extinction.
- Poaching and the illegal trade industry is a very worrying one.
- This is the biggest threat that wild tigers face.
- Demand for tiger bone, skin, and other body parts is leading to poaching and trafficking.
- We often see tiger skins being used in home decor.
- Moreover, bones are used for medicines and tonics.
- This has seen illegal criminal syndicates get involved in the tiger trade in order to make huge profits.
HOW TO OBSERVE INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY
- Wild tiger populations have declined by around 95% since the beginning of the 20th century.
- There’s now estimated to be around 3,900 wild tigers.
- Each tiger has a unique set of stripes – like a fingerprint – and this helps us identify individuals in the wild.
- The tiger is officially classed as extinct by the IUCN.
CONTROVERSIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
- Highways and railway lines – Kanha and Pench tiger reserves.
- A railway line- Melghat tiger reserve.
- Ken-Betwa River linking project will submerge – Panna Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh.)
- Hubli-Ankola Railway Lines – Western Ghats.
Let us all contribute a little to animal adoptions.
- Animal adoptions give a huge boost to the ongoing work .
- They not only help fund projects to work with local communities to monitor tiger movements.
You can take to social media to make sure that your friends, followers, and family members are aware of the different threats that tigers face.